Africa is a whole continent, not just a country, but the idea behind Pan-Africanism today is that it should be one country. On this page we put Pan-Africanist documents and commentary on them.
The above is a United Nations graphic of Africa regarding the Earth Summit of 1997.
Pan-Africanism focuses on Africa as a whole.
Pan-Africanism started out as an ideology of Blacks in the united $tates, West Indies and England. Pan-African founder W.E.B. Du Bois was from Massachusetts, U$A. Eventually, Pan-Africanism became well rooted in Africa itself and came to focus on unity of Africa against the imperialists.
George Padmore was from Trinidad. He moved to the U$A and joined the Communist Party USA in the Stalin years. Then he took up work in the Comintern. His book The Life and Struggle of Negro Toilers (360kb) published in 1931 was exemplary work of the Comintern-established Red International of Labour Unions (R.I.L.U.).
A trade union conference in 1945 served as the background to the Fifth Congress of the Pan-African
The Fifth Pan-African Congress said that armed struggle to oust colonialism could be justified. Future independence leader
Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was a leader at the Fifth Pan-African Congress.
The Sixth Pan-African Congress was mostly Africans, thanks to the upsurge of anti-imperialist struggle in Africa.
Sixth Pan-African Congress, June, 1974 in Tanzania
More MIM documents