This is an archive of the former website of the Maoist Internationalist Movement, which was run by the now defunct Maoist Internationalist Party - Amerika. The MIM now consists of many independent cells, many of which have their own indendendent organs both online and off. MIM(Prisons) serves these documents as a service to and reference for the anti-imperialist movement worldwide.
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  MIM Notes No. 52                               MAY 1991

MIM Notes speaks to and from the viewpoint of the 
world's oppressed majority, and against the 
imperialist-patriarchy. Pick it up and wield it in 
the service of the people. support it, struggle 
with it and write for it.


The Maoist Internationalist Movement (MIM) is a 
revolutionary communist party that upholds 
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, comprising the collection 
of existing or emerging Maoist internationalist 
parties in the English-speaking imperialist 
countries and their English-speaking internal 
semi-colonies, as well as the existing or emerging 
Spanish-speaking Maoist internationalist parties 
of Aztlan, Puerto Rico and other territories of 
the U.S. Empire. MIM Notes is the newspaper of 
MIM. Notas Rojas is the newspaper of the Spanish-
speaking parties or emerging parties of MIM.

MIM is an internationalist organization that works 
from the vantage point of the Third World 
proletariat; thus, its members are not Amerikans, 
but world citizens.

MIM struggles to end the oppression of all groups 
over other groups: classes, genders, nations.  MIM 
knows this is only possible by building public 
opinion to seize power through armed struggle.

Revolution is a reality for North America as the 
military becomes over-extended in the government's 
attempts to maintain world hegemony.

MIM differs from other communist parties on three 
main questions: (1) MIM holds that after the 
proletariat seizes power in socialist revolution, 
the potential exists for capitalist restoration 
under the leadership of a new bourgeoisie within 
the communist party itself. In the case of the 
USSR, the bourgeoisie seized power after the death 
of Stalin in 1953; in China, it was after Mao's 
death and the overthrow of the "Gang of Four" in 
1976. (2) MIM upholds the Chinese Cultural 
Revolution as the farthest advance of communism in 
human history. (3) MIM believes the North American 
white-working-class is primarily a non-
revolutionary worker-elite at this time; thus, it 
is not the principal vehicle to advance Maoism in 
this country.

MIM accepts people as members who agree on these 
basic principles and accept democratic centralism, 
the system of majority rule, on other questions of 
party line.

"The theory of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin is 
universally applicable. We should regard it not as 
dogma, but as a guide to action. Studying it is 
not merely a matter of learning terms and phrases, 
but of learning Marxism-Leninism as the science of 
-- Mao Zedong, Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 208

* * *


by MC18

Georgia joined the Baltic states in a declaration of independence 
from the Soviet Union in April. Georgia was one of the six 
republics which had boycotted Mikhail Gorbachev's referendum of 
March 17. On March 31, Georgian separatists, led by President 
Zviad Gamsakhurdia, held an independent plebiscite for secession. 
The question was: "Do you agree that the state independence of 
Georgia should be restored on the basis of the independence act of 
May 26, 1918?"(1) Georgia had obtained a brief period of 
independence from Czarist Russia after 1918. Although it did not 
formally join the Union until 1936, the Soviets had established a 
socialist government in Georgia by 1921. 

The vote received overwhelming support--including 98% of those 
voting--over the protests of minority national groups within 
Georgia, including the Ossetians. Georgia's formal declaration of 
independence from the Soviet Union was made on April 9, 
commemorating the second anniversary of the deaths of 19 Georgian 
protesters who were killed in Tbilisi by Soviet troops. The 
declaration was made as a unanimous decision by the Georgian 

Ossetians at war in Georgia

Soviet-drawn national boundaries between the republics split 
Ossetia, with the larger portion of North Ossetia in Russia and 
the smaller area--South Ossetia--in Georgia. The provisional 
Georgian government headed by Gamsakhurdia has refused to 
recognize Ossetia by rescinding South Ossetia's status as a semi-
autonomous region in December 1990. In response, the Ossetians 
declared independence from Georgia, which prompted a quick 
deployment of Georgian militia troops to the Ossetian region.(3) 

The South Ossetians are fighting an open civil war with the 
Georgians which has had mounting casualties over the last three 
months. As of April 8, at least 60 people have been killed in the 
conflict.(4) Georgia is the first of the secessionist republics to 
form an effective militia force. In this it is distinct from the 
Baltic republics which have focused on either non-violent 
resistance or largely symbolic displays of armed defense. Georgia 
has also distinguished itself by fighting not only with the Soviet 
troops, but also with ethnic minorities within Georgia. The 
Georgian government has asserted that the Ossetian nationalist 
movement was manufactured by the Soviet government in order to 
subvert the credibility of the Georgian independence movement.

Soviet troops in Ossetia

Faced with the secession of Ossetia and Georgia, as well as civil 
war between the two, Gorbachev deployed 1,500 Interior Ministry 
troops to the Ossetian region to restore order.(5) Gorbachev has 
also declared that both independence movements are 
unconstitutional, a statement that appears to be formally true, 
but irrelevant.(2)

The Ossetians, while agitating for their own independence, have 
requested the aid of the Union troops in driving off the Georgian 
militia. Gorbachev's interest in Georgia is understandable in 
terms of both economic and strategic considerations. The Georgian 
economy comprises a critical portion of Soviet procurement of 
coal, manganese and forest products, as well as important 
agricultural resources of grain, fruit, tea and wine. The military 
strategic importance of Georgia arises largely through its borders 
with Turkey (a NATO alliance country) and the Black Sea.(2) 

The troops have been ineffective in restoring order, since most of 
the Georgian-Ossetian fighting has been between roving armed gangs 
carrying out reprisals and looting on a small scale. Food-relief 
convoys to Ossetia have been attacked and robbed. Fighting and 
failure of local economies have created tens of thousands of 
refugees, with Ossetians fleeing north to Russia and Georgian 
refugees fleeing south into Georgia. Rumors have circulated of 
Soviet troops selling their weapons to local gangs.(4)

In solidarity with Ukranian and Byelorussian miners who had been 
striking for six weeks, on April 10 Georgian President 
Gamsakhurdia called for a general strike at all centrally operated 
enterprises and Black Sea ports.(6) By the next day, the Georgians 
had closed railway borders with Russia and Armenia, preventing 
both commercial and passenger traffic to pass through Georgia.(7) 
The rail strike continued through mid-April, demanding withdrawal 
of the 1,500 Interior Ministry troops.(5)

Georgian national chauvinism

Gamsakhurdia's program for national independence is beginning to 
take on fascist overtones, as the parliament comprised of Georgian 
majority nationals has intimated that new laws on citizenship will 
be exclusive of non-Georgians. He has further promised that those 
who take up arms against the new independent Georgian state will 
be stripped of citizenship, which would target Ossetian and 
Abkhazian groups.(3) By the nature of the fighting, it will of 
course be impossible to determine who was involved, and the 
ensuing witch-hunt for anti-Georgian ethnic minorities will be 
broadly inclusive.

While Georgians hold a significant majority of about two thirds of 
the 5.5 million people in the republic, there are significant 
minorities. Armenians comprise 9% of the population, Russians 
7.4%, and there are smaller groups of Azerbaijanis, Greeks, 
Abkhazians, as well as about 65,000 Ossetians--about 1.1%.(2,4)

1. NYT 3/20/91, p. A8; see also MIM Notes 51 4/91, p. 6.
2. NYT 4/10/91, p. A8.
3. NYT 4/1/91, p. A5.
4. NYT 4/9/91, p. A6.
5. Detroit News 4/14/91, p. 3A. For more on changes in the 
Interior Ministry, see MIM Notes 50 3/91, p. 1.
6. NYT 4/11/91, p. A1.
7. NYT 4/12/91, p. A7.

* * *


On Violence: Mao Zedong claimed government responsibility for 
800,000 executions between 1949 and 1954. These were popularly 
sanctioned executions done in people's trials against the most 
hated landlords and pro-Japanese elements who owed blood debts.

But the two most commonly cited "facts" to back the Mao-as-butcher 
image are the Great Leap and the Cultural Revolution. The press 
speaks of 20 million killed in the Great Leap. In reality, these 
deaths of the Great Leap (1958-1960) and its aftermath (1960-61) 
are mostly from starvation, not executions.

As for the Cultural Revolution, the Western analysts count all 
violence that occurred between 1966-1976 as Mao's responsibility. 
Although there were only a handful of Western observers in China 
during the Cultural Revolution, most Western journalists attribute 
hundreds of thousands or millions of deaths to the Cultural 

It is possible that there were millions of deaths during the 
Cultural Revolution, but they were not ordered by Mao, who 
explicitly ordered that the Cultural Revolution not be violent. 
Central Committee directives of the Communist Party said, "When 
there is a debate, it should be conducted by reasoning, not by 
coercion or force."

MIM shares Mao's own stated philosophy: "What harm is there in not 
executing people? Those amenable to labour reform should go and do 
labour reform, so that rubbish can be turned into something 
useful. Besides, people's heads are not like leeks. When you cut 
them off, they will not grow again. If you cut off a head wrongly, 
there is no way of rectifying the mistake even if you want to." 
MIM does not defend Maoists who don't carry out this philosophy.

On Education: Mao did not oppose education. He opposed Western-
style education because of its use in creating and justifying the 
existence of self-interested classes that don't serve the public. 
According to Mao, education and intellectuals should only serve 
the public--the very community which produces the food and other 
goods that intellectuals need to live.

There were people calling themselves Maoists who advocated 
attacking intellectuals and 95% of the Communist Party members 
during the Cultural Revolution. Mao called these people 
ultraleftists. Ultraleftists diverted Mao's attack from the small 
number of high-ranking Party members on the capitalist road to 
lowly professors with no state power. MIM does not support the 
ultraleft line calling for violence against intellectuals.

MIM advocates Marxism-Leninism-Maoism because the advances in 
China under Mao's leadership represent the furthest theoretical 
and practical developments of socialism since Marx and Lenin. 
Maoism's critics have to show a better way forward in practice, 
not just complain that China under Mao wasn't perfect, or their 
words mean little.

* * *


by MC45

Drug-related murders tripled in the United States between 1985 and 
1989.(1) The Amerikan government's solution has been to steadily 
increase the number of arrests it makes on drug charges. In Los 
Angeles alone, arrests on drug violation charges more than doubled 
between 1980 and 1989.(2) With no evidence that arrests have done 
anything to deter trade, President Bush has requested an 11% raise 
in funding to intensify his crackdown.(3) Results of the federal 
policy are overcrowded prisons, over-booked courtrooms and an 
overload on probation offices since the "war on drugs" was 
declared in 1986.(6)

The National Institute on Drug Abuse conducted its largest poll on 
casual drug use in December 1990.(4) At best this was a study of 
middle class Amerika's drug use as it did not even look at people 
in prisons, shelters or treatment facilities. Yet Bush touts this 
and other similar studies as reason to increase funding for his 
drug war on oppressed communities.

Well more than half of Bush's proposed drug budget for the coming 
year will be used for investigations, prosecutions and 
imprisonment; the same action plan which has led to a steady 
increase in numbers of arrests and convictions since 1980.(7)

"There needs to be a national image... like the American flag," 
said one law enforcement officer of ways to rally the country 
behind the drug war.(8) This "national image" is here. With the 
president and his "council of war" and their plan of "attack, 
repeat, attack"(9) it looks like an occupying army out for the 
kill in Amerika's cities.

A study conducted by the Rand Corporation between 1985-87 showed 
that 99% of people arrested on distribution charges in Washington, 
D.C. were Afrikan Amerikans.(10) Since mandatory minimum 
sentencing went into effect on November 1, 1987, anyone convicted 
of a drug charge is assured of serving a prison sentence.(11) Yet 
because of the volume of cases prosecutors deal with, they are 
often willing to offer a reduced sentence in exchange for a guilty 
plea or, of course, for information.(12) The effect of the policy 
has been "a tremendous influx of drug users and abusers being put 
in prison."(13)

Clearly the people who are being arrested, imprisoned, and 
murdered by the cops are the true victims of a society that 
creates drug users, provides them with supplies and then punishes 
them. The cops, on the other hand, work day and night to protect 
the interests of this country's ruling class--which means 
punishing the people while doing nothing to stop the trade.

Amerikan imperialism has every interest in keeping potentially 
revolutionary masses economically exploited and self-destructive. 
In 1988, 21.8% of both Afrikan and Latino families had an income 
between $15,000 and $24,999. By contrast, 24.4% of white families 
were making $50,000 or more in the same year, with almost equal 
numbers falling in the next two higher income brackets.(14) With 
economic exploitation at the base, the drug trade completes the 
circle oppression.

The root problem of the Afrikan Amerikan and Latino economies is 
not drugs. Heavy use and sale of drugs in these communities are a 
direct result of unrelenting economic repression. Why is the 
government bent on destroying economies in ghettoized communities? 
It is the only way to keep them economically enslaved, the 
crutches holding up the exploitative capitalist economy.

The police need more than just the capitalist dealers to hold 
ghettos down though, so they recruit from the ghettos themselves, 
adding Afrikan and Latino faces to the army on the streets. 
Afrikan officers work most frequently undercover, in the worst 
paid and most dangerous branch of the drug war.(15) These officers 
are the physical manifestation of the repression of their 
communities. Their task and their pay emphasize the gross 
capitalist contradictions of the war on the ghettos.

According to the Sentencing Project (a research organization in 
Washington, D.C.) one out of every four Black males in that city 
is under the control of the corrections system.(16) Amerika's 
answer to poverty: feed the poor to the prisons!

People released from prison have much less access to jobs than 
before they went in. They are processed into a more desperate 
economic situation, more likely to return to drug use, abuse and 
distribution. This neatly completes the capitalists' dream cycle. 
The masses are put out on the streets, offered again as victims of 
the crackdown.

1. Washington Post
2. Los Angeles Times 12/16/90
3. Detroit Free Press 2/1/91
4. Detroit News 12/20/90
5. Detroit Free Press 12/20/90
6. Chicago Tribune 10/14/90
7. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1990
8. Des Moines Register 11/10/90
9. NPR 4/14/91
10. Chicago Tribune 10/15/90
11. Chicago Tribune 11/4/90
12. Los Angeles Times 12/16/90
12. Chicago Tribune 10/14/90
13. Chicago Tribune 9/11/90
14. Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1990
15. Pacific News Service
16. Chicago Tribune 10/15/90

* * *



Dear MIM,

The article by "Anti-Stalinist" (MIM Notes 48) and subsequent 
response to MC5's critique of that article signed "Tapeworm" (MIM 
Notes 50) are very good examples of the distortions of history 
which revisionists of all shades are capable of concocting. 
"Tapeworm" is not simply attacking Stalin, but is also attacking 
Mao, and subsequently the science of Marxism-Leninism and genuine 
socialism. "Tapeworm's" letter completely avoids the critique 
offered by MC5, and instead resorts to invectives, a typical 
device of critics of Marxism who assume a Marxist disguise. 

In the letter, Tapeworm accuses Stalin of being responsible for 
the current state of affairs in the Soviet Union ("If Stalin ... 
But fortunately, he did, and now the future is clear and bright.") 
It should be common knowledge that the current regime in the USSR 
is the direct descendant of the Khruschev-Brezchnev era, which 
began with Khruschev's vicious denunciation of Stalin in 1956 at 
the now infamous twentieth congress to the Communist Party (CPSU). 
Khruschev accused Stalin of everything imaginable, including being 
a "murderer" and a "madman." The denunciation of Stalin was 
absolutely necessary in order to set in motion the complete 
destruction of socialism and the restoration of capitalism in the 
USSR. How, then, can anyone equate the social-imperialist regime 
of the USSR today with the achievements made under Stalin? 
Furthermore, on this point, the rapid industrialization in the 
USSR took place in the 30s, at a time when the entire capitalist 
world was in a state of complete economic depression. Does the 
critic have any idea what the significance of industrialization 
meant at that time? At the very least, it meant that the Soviet 
masses would not face the hardships resultant from the Great 
Depression, i.e. through a decrease in trade.

Tapeworm's attack against Mao is more subtle, and also involves 
more distortions of history. Tapeworm accuses Mao of not opposing 
"Soviet repression... of Hungary in 1956, when the president Imre 
Nagy was shot."

As far as Hungary is concerned, first of all, the Soviet Union had 
not  restored capitalism, and was not imperialist in 1956. Second 
of all, the "uprising" was instigated by the United States. Third 
of all, at that time it was not part of the Chinese policy to 
publicly criticize other socialist countries.

The sickening thing about Tapeworm's "analysis" is that s/he 
ignores the fact that the Chinese denounced the Soviet invasion of 
Czechoslovakia in 1968. All of this, of course, may be ancient 
history to some, and seemingly insignificant. Nonetheless, critics 
like Tapeworm must be held accountable for their selective 

Tapeworm maintains that Mao did not "understand the centrality of 
socialist democracy. He was too linked to the past, to Stalin. He 
was not able to break the tradition of socialism with no 

The reader should ask what on earth is the "centrality of 
socialist democracy?" The point the Tapeworm is raising is the old 
"democratic socialism" business, propagated by the grandaddy of 
all revisionists, Bernstein, and championed by Karl Kautsky.

Much can be said about this debate, but the reader is simply 
referred to Lenin's State and Revolution. The point the Tapeworm 
and other Social-Democrats and Democratic Socialists continuously 
avoid like the plague is that the establishment of socialism 
necessarily presupposes the existence of classes, including 
capitalists, for a long time, and that the enemies of socialism 
come from the remnants of the exploiting classes. Furthermore, and 
even more important, imperialist nations hate socialism and they 
will do, and have done, anything in their power to sabotage the 
newly formed socialist state. How then can there be talk about 
"civil liberties" in general, in the abstract?

Will the Tapeworm please investigate the Eastern European 
countries which are now "championing" democratic socialism. Please 
explain to us why, if democratic socialism is so superior to 
"dictatorial" socialism, Lech Walesa is now selling the Polish 
workers' labor power to U.S. monopoly capitalists.

As far as Mao's being too "linked to the past": apparently, the 
Tapeworm has not bothered to read Mao's "Critique of Soviet 
Economics." In this work, Mao criticizes the Soviet policy of 
placing emphasis on industry to the neglect of agriculture, for 
example. But besides observations made in this book, Mao and the 
Chinese people developed a number of "socialist new things" which 
critics like the Tapeworm are not interested in studying. The 
establishment of the Peoples' Communes, for one, was a fundamental 
step forward from state run enterprises and agricultural 
collectives. As a matter of fact, if the Tapeworm would only 
investigate the mechanisms of the Peoples' Communes, s/he would 
see what future socialism will look like, not only in Third World 
countries, but also right here in the good old USA.

Finally, Tapeworm is an excellent example of the nihilistic 
intellectual's phony Marxist attitude toward the questions of 
socialism versus capitalist/imperialism and war and peace. 
Imperialism is the cause of the misery and degradation for the 
vast majority of the people of the world and only socialism as 
exemplified by China under Mao and the Soviet Union under Stalin 
can prepare the groundwork for the solution of all the social 
evils that exist throughout the world. Stalin made mistakes, some 
of them  serious, but an investigation of Chinese socialism from 
1949  to 1976 reveals that Mao and the Chinese people, especially 
during the Cultural Revolution, corrected those mistakes. For 
example, the Cultural Revolution was a correction to the "purge 
trials." People like the Tapeworm, of course, foam at the mouth in 
denouncing the mistakes committed during the Cultural Revolution. 
But you see, Tapeworm, you don't understand--the masses learn: in 
the ensuing round of socialist revolutions, those mistakes will 
also be corrected.

--A West Coast Friend
April 1991


Dear MIM,

All Power to the people! Success to the MIM and educating the 
masses. As I ponder upon the state of affairs on a world basis, 
which is in a state of serious decay, I am obligated to explain 
the fact that I am now here in a brand new 60-odd million dollar 
high-tech concentration-camp style prison. The bureaucratic 
fascists here are sincere in their objective to have control, 
control and more control over me and those who they seriously 
consider "incorrigible." Great lengths were made to do this. Of 
course those of us in these modern concentration-camp style 
prisons are and will be perceptive to the necessary actions of a 
prison cadre. An element that will assist in educating and 
organizing. Stage by stage the "event,"' the main event can 
happen. And MIM is the vanguard party of the people to make it 
happen. I know "big brother" is on the job! But ... big brother is 
doomed to failure. The vanguard party of the people will lead the 
people to victory.

Pamoja Tutashinda (Together we will win),
--A comrade in prison
April 1991


Dear Friends,

Thank you for giving me the opportunity to distribute MIM notes. I 
liked the Gender and Revolution section and was impressed with 
MIM's thoughts on monogamy. The inclusion of the insert indicates 
that MIM is serious about analysis and action on this question, 
and for that you must be commended. Also, the Pulse of Capitalism 
article was most interesting as it gave a factual presentation of 
world-wide capitalism. One thing that I would have enjoyed seeing 
is the economic status of the people of oppressed nations or 
national minorities in these imperialist nations. For example, the 
U.S. imperialists claim that the economy is in a recession. I and 
others would claim that Afro-Americans, Latinos, Puerto Ricans, 
Virgin Islanders, etc. live in a permanent state of recession.

There is a point I wish to raise here, namely, the state-
capitalist character argument. I do not have firm data on this, 
but I feel that socialism as we know it IS socialism with all of 
its imperfections and errors. It may be germane or actually 
economically correct to call it state-capitalist, but, to my naive 
eyes anyway, there is a great difference between the state 
capitalism  prior to todays free market reforms and the state 
capitalism after free market reforms.

I have indicated in previous letters my main attraction to MIM is 
its anti-imperialism, pro-environmentalism, pro-gay rights, pro-
national liberationism, and its seriousness in doing the people's 
work, along with its trust in the people to get the word out and 
to become advanced forces. I appreciate your confidence in me as 
an individual and hope to continue closer work.

In Solidarity,
March 1991

MC17 responds: MIM appreciates the compliments. To address the 
author's comments about state capitalism, s/he is right to say 
there is a difference between the state capitalism prior to todays 
"free market" reforms and after. But that difference is not 
between socialism and capitalism, but rather between one form of 
capitalism and another. The important point that you raise which 
we must discuss before tackling these differences is that of the 
true nature of modern day "socialist" countries.

MIM calls many modern day "socialist" countries state capitalist 
for specific economic reasons. For the purpose of this discussion 
we can focus on the Soviet Union since it is the most obvious 
example, and because one of MIM's main principles that 
distinguishes us from other revolutionary groups is our 
classification of the USSR as state capitalist. 

Many people read and interpret Marx in a dogmatic manner and use 
this interpretation to say that the USSR is still socialist 
because the workers still have power, the problem is just that the 
ones ruling the country now are corrupt. Because the rulers of the 
USSR don't have the means of production in their own names 
legally, these people (mostly Trotskyists) refuse to identify the 
rulers as a bourgeoisie, and therefore see the country as 
socialist, with the structure of the dictatorship of the 
proletariat still in place. 

The problem with this argument is that it takes an overly 
legalistic interpretation of Marx's definition of ownership. As 
MIM understands Marx, he defines the "owners" of the means of 
production to be those who control these means, and profit from 
that control. From this definition the people in power in the USSR 
are the "owners" and as such deserve the label of bourgeoisie. If 
the bourgeoisie is in this position of power then it becomes 
impossible to define the country as socialist as Marx used this 

The difference between state ownership and private ownership does 
not affect who is materially benefiting, merely the manifestations 
of this benefit and control. In fact, in the countries where the 
state, controlled by the bourgeoisie, owns the means of production 
(state capitalist countries) it is often easier for those in power 
to repress and exploit the people. Fascist consolidation of power 
is already effected and military repression and control are easy 
facets of governmental work. From this understanding of state 
capitalism it is easy to see why many people in these countries 
would see "free market" capitalism as a move to more freedom for 

But the really important implication of all this is that only a 
social revolution will overthrow those forces in power in the 
state capitalist country, just as only a revolution will overthrow 
those in power in any capitalist country.


Dear MIM,

We are happily distributing MIM Notes 50 and the Democratic 
Socialists of America (DSA) claims it's "bad journalism," our 
campus reactionaries call us "commiecrats" or "young communists 
looking for a capitalist" and we are learning many lessons of 
"bourgeois democracy."

Feed Iraqi Children!
March 1991


Dear MIM,

I object to some statements in the "feminism" pullout section of 
MIM Notes 50. The section I specifically disagree with is the 
article on anarchist feminists. First of all anarchy is just that. 
How can you be so presumptuous as to try to tell people how all 
anarchists think? Or how all "feminist" anarchists think? I, in 
this letter, will not be so foolish as to speak for all 
"anarchists" as you did in your newsletter. I will only tell you 
what I think. 

I believe in the equality of men and women. I believe in equality 
of all races. I also believe in equality of all living things on 
this earth (or anywhere else for that matter!) In your article you 
state that women anarchists believe "that men are the patriarchy 
and therefore believe that men cannot be trusted." Again, I refuse 
to speak for anyone else, but I (yes I am female) do not believe 
that men are the only source of repression or government. Yes I do 
trust men as much as I trust women or anyone else. What I'm 
against is any kind of government (including Maoist, communist, 
capitalist, or any other) except for self government.

--A west coast non-reader 
(except for once)

P.S. I found this very important to address to you. So important I 
gave my 45 cents to the government to purchase a stamp to send 
this! What about you and your contributions to a government you 
allegedly hate?

MC17 responds: The author of this article accuses MIM of 
misrepresenting anarchists, but then goes on to present a position 
that closely mirrors that ascribed to them by MIM. Perhaps the 
author wishes MIM would have noted that there is not uniformity 
among the views of all anarchist feminists. This does not change 
our basic criticism of anarchy as an ineffective method to end 

The post script to this letter is a case in point. The author 
would have all of us stop giving money to the government and then, 
presumably, somehow the government will just stop functioning. 
This anarchist view neglects to notice the entrenched structure 
that the government has established to take money from and 
brainwash its subjects. This is not a structure that can just be 
dissolved away if enough people act individually. 

Perhaps the author is privileged enough to exercise relative "self 
government," but the author is doing this at the expense of those 
who can never have this privilege until capitalism is overthrown.

The entire government and its power structure is propped up by 
repression. The author of this letter is against repression and 
supports equality, but fails to offer any viable method to achieve 
this equality. This amounts to tacit support for the existing 

 The author fails to realize that communism means the absence of a 
government, but that we can not realize this absence without 
prolonged struggle against the entrenched capitalist power 
structure, a struggle that MIM is organizing and waging while 
anarchists are carefully keeping their money out of the hands of 
the government.

* * *


MIM Notes 51 reported that the Eritrean People's Liberation Front 
was fighting a "secessionist war." (p. 3) This is incorrect and 
misleading. The EPLF is fighting a war for self-determination from 

* * *


he Utah State Division of Indian Affairs is developing a plan for 
further economic incorporation of the Navajo nation's population 
residing within the borders of Utah.

On April 5 the Utah Permanent Community Impact Board awarded a 
$7,500 grant to the state's Division of Indian Affairs to study 
how to get the Navajo population to spend its money within Utah 
instead of in cities in New Mexico, Colorado or Arizona. It is 
part of an overall "economic revitalization" plan for four 
southern Utah counties.

The Navajo reservation, which is the largest reservation in size 
and population in the United States, is divided by the boundaries 
of three states: Utah, New Mexico and Arizona.

Since the demise of the uranium industry in the four-corners 
region the economy of the region has plummeted--its greatest 
victims being Navajo. Forty percent of all workers laid off from 
the White Mesa Uranium Mill near Blanding, Utah were Navajo. 
Roughly 40% of the "employable work force on the reservation" had 
out-migrated with the collapse of the industry.(1)

Though income of the people remaining on the reservation continues 
to decrease, the state of Utah is determined to take what money 
the Navajo people have out of the reservation and into their own 

Currently, 80-85% of the average Navajo's expendable income is 
spent in towns such as Cortez, Col. and Farmington, New Mex., 
which both lie outside the reservation.

Though the Navajo nation officially possesses some minimal 
sovereignty, its current limited autonomy is further threatened by 
the plan to develop businesses just outside the Utah border of the 

Internal colonies

Increased economic dependence on Amerika since the 1930s has 
altered the status of Native Amerikan nations from "captive 
nations" to "internal colonies."(2)

The continued division of the Navajo nation by state boundaries 
also perpetuates the colonial situation and "does not foster the 
development of a national entity be it Navajo or some other 
people," said one Navajo historian.

The Navajo nation in the 1930s and 40s became increasingly 
dependent upon wage labor in the mining industry because of forced 
stock reduction in the 20s.

In 1868 when the Navajo nation was allowed to return to a portion 
of its land after having been imprisoned in Bosque Rodondo, N.M., 
each person was given three sheep or goats to start new herds. In 
the 1920s the Federal government stole the majority of the 
people's herds, claiming the animals were responsible for the 
silting around the Hoover Dam. By the 1950s wage labor was more 
than half of the nation's per-capita income.(3)

In the 1960s the Navajo reservation had been completely 
incorporated by Amerika.

The 1980 census reported that 59% of all reservation employment 
was in transfer economy--money that does not add to tribal 
economies. For the Navajo nation this transfer economy was 
dominated by fossil fuels and minerals extracted from Navajo land.

Since the discovery of coal and uranium deposits on the Navajo 
reservation, the Navajo Tribal Council, established by the Bureau 
of Indian Affairs for just such an occasion, has been "renting" 
Navajo land to mining companies. In return for stealing and 
pillaging the land, polluting and decreasing surface and ground 
water, the Navajo Tribal Council has received approximately 1 cent 
per ton extracted from Navajo land. The money is paid to the 
Tribal Council and the people never see it.

In one case a mining industry which had taken over a woman's land 
paid her "in return" one bale of straw for 10 years' "rent."

The new focus on redirecting Navajo earnings represents a further 
erosion of national autonomy--depriving the people of their 
resources while strengthening the institutions which seek to 
deepen their dependence.

--by a comrade

1. Salt Lake Tribune 4/5/91.
2. C. Matthew Snipp, "The Changing Political and Economic Status 
of American Indians: From Captive Nations to Internal Colonies." 
Journal of Economics and Sociology, 1986.
3. Betty J. Harris, "Ethnicity and Gender in the Global Periphery: 
A Comparison of Basotho and Navajo Women." American Indian Culture 
and Research Journal, 1990.

* * *


The self-exiled god-king of Tibet, the Dalai Lama, started 
drafting a constitution for the independence of Tibet in late 
March, and is reportedly moving closer to more hard-line Tibet 
activists.(1) Tibet is currently a province of China.

Since about 1988, the Dalai Lama has been moving closer to a 
position supporting Tibet's independence, as opposed to autonomy 
with a negotiated relationship with the rest of China.(2)

The Dalai Lama spent March drumming up support in Ireland, England 
and the United States.

No country yet recognizes Tibet as independent. However, activists 
in the Western countries have stepped up their work in opposing 
what they call China's genocide of the Tibetan people--the 
imposition of martial law there and reported forced abortions and 
baby killings.

MIM supports the right of Tibet's people to determine whether or 
not it should be independent of China. However, it is not enough 
to let the Dalai Lama speak for the people of Tibet, who may have 
their own reasons for opposing both the Dalai Lama's theocracy and 
China's fascist phony communism.


1. AP 3/22/91.
2. South China Morning Post 3/13/91.

* * *


China's leader Deng Xiaoping says that Taiwan and Mainland China 
will reunite before he dies, and in a major turnaround,(1) older 
political leaders of Taiwan's bourgeois dictatorship also want 
reunification before they die.(2)

Taiwan is called the Republic of China. The much larger Mainland 
China is the People's Republic of China.

In 1949, communist leader Mao Zedong founded the People's Republic 
of China and drove the pro-landlord, pro-capitalist and pro-
imperialist Chinese off to Taiwan in the culmination of a decades 
long civil war. Since that time Taiwan and Mainland China have 
been in a state of war, which Taiwan is expected to end soon.(3)

Ironically, the old right-wingers in Taiwan want reunification, 
but some younger voices want Taiwan to achieve independence. At 
the root of this is Taiwan's greater wealth. Many Taiwanese are 
afraid of losing their economic privileges in reunification.

As in the case of Tibet, the case for independence is not that 
clear to MIM. Dismembering state capitalist China into smaller 
bourgeois republics instead of one large state capitalist republic 
may or may not be a good thing. It is important to notice however 
that dynamic countries with booming economies are not the ones 
facing the problem of reborn nationalism.


1. UPI 2/6/91.
2. AP 12/27/90.
3. South China Morning Post 12/26/90.

* * *


The newly-revived annual environmental holiday came and went on 
April 22. With cynicism prevailing among imperialist-country 
leftists in the wake of the "collapse of communism" and the 
obvious dead-end of most groups working under the banner of 
socialism, the environment calls out as a sort of last-resort 

If we don't reorganize human societies in a hurry there won't be 
much left to work with. But the leap from that ugly reality to 
environmentalism-in-the-void is First World cynical fatalism in 

There are answers to human social problems, and environmental 
destruction cannot be stopped without embracing them. Our 
understanding of the Earth's environment and its enemies has grown 
by leaps and bounds. New revolutionary endeavors show more and 
more promise toward addressing this problem before it's too late.

It is only in the First World that environmental movements have 
emerged as escapist fetishes or weak-kneed reform drives. 
Mobilizing around environmental issues has been and will be an 
important part of broader social movements. Let's replace 
production for profit with production for need, democratize the 
economy and put the people back in power.


* * *


Well, it turns out Amerika fought the whole damn war for nothing 
after all.

Amnesty International has corrected itself: there actually is no 
evidence that brutal Iraqi soldiers yanked screaming Kuwaiti 
babies from their incubators and left them to die on the cold 
floors of air-conditioned hospitals, the group now says.

That's like finding out Willie Horton was framed.

The whole ruse helps expose the fallacy of the "human rights" 
cause championed by Amnesty and so many others. This doctrine 
holds that babies dying from having their incubators taken away is 
somehow worse than babies dying from not having any medical care 
at all.

What were the Iraqis going to do with those incubators, anyway--
use them to produce chemical weapons?


Notes: National Public Radio, Morning Edition 4/19/91.

* * *


May Day, first a cultural rite marking the oncoming spring, took 
hold as celebration of labor unity during the international Eight 
Hour Day movement in the 1880s--based largely in the United 
States--before becoming an international labor day celebrated 
almost everywhere else but here.

The battle for a shorter workday generated many positive reforms 
which would set the standard for economic improvements for 
workers. But it also had an underside.

J. Sakai wrote: "Euro-Amerikan labor increasingly found itself 
pressed to organize, to fight the employers, to demand from the 
bourgeois state some relief from exploitation and some democratic 
rights.... Further, pressed downward by Capital, they sought to 
establish a stranglehold on jobs by ruthlessly degrading or 
eliminating colonial labor. This consciousness was very sharply 
manifested in the 1870s, when these white workingmen became the 
eager tools of various factions in the bourgeoisie in the mass 
drives to reenslave Afrikans and drive out Chinese--at the same 
time engaging in the most vigorous and militant strike waves 
against the bourgeoisie."

And finally, " this scramble upwards those wretched 
immigrants shed, like an old suit of clothes, the proletarian 
identity and honor of their Old European past. Now they were true 
Amerikans, real settlers who had done their share of the killing, 
annexing and looting."

May Day went on to become an international proletarian holiday, 
celebrated mostly in the socialist countries, and now largely 
ignored even by the descendents of its original beneficiaries.


Notes: J. Sakai, Settlers: The Mythology of the White Proletariat.

* * *


More than one year after members of the Mohawk Warriors Society 
erected barriers to block access to their land--March 11, 1990--43 
Mohawks are now on trial by Canadian authorities.

The Mohawks were trying to block the construction of a private 
golf course and condominiums over an ancestral burial ground. 
After 78 days, Canadian military forces stormed the Kahnesatake 
Reservation and captured Mohawk leaders. (See MIM Notes 43, 44, 

Now the accused Mohawks have refused to take an oath on the Bible 
for their pre-trial hearings. A Quebec Superior Court judge ruled 
they could take a "solemn declaration"--the approved non-Christian 
alternative--but Mohawks want to be sworn in by one of their own 
spiritual leaders, an alternative the judge will not allow.


Notes: Micmac News (Sydney, Nova Scotia) 3/15/91.

* * *


New Jack City is a powerful depiction of crack cocaine wreaking 
genocide in Amerika's Afrikan communities. Directed by Mario Van 
Peebles, the film portrays a violent drug culture with some 
authentic-sounding street language. Unfortunately this picture of 
drug culture relies on the liberal message that communities need 
to rally behind the cops to stop the killing.

We see the rise of drug kingpin Nino Brown, who builds a crack 
fortress at a city housing project. Reminiscent of Tony Montana in 
Scarface (which pops up in the background of a few scenes), 
Peebles glamorizes Nino's power in an attempt to show how crack 
corrupts. While the movie points out that poverty is at the root 
of the drug epidemic, it falsely attempts to show that the drug 
problem can be eliminated without restructuring the rest of 
society. Typical liberalism--it makes individual people the 
problem, not systems.

In the film, we see gun battles in the playground, ruthless turf 
fights over Carter Apartments (the crack fortress), and power 
struggles between Nino Brown and his assistants. It depicts a 
distorted street reality where the gang dominates life and 
everyone is a potential enemy.  

The film's answer to the drugs and violence in the Afrikan 
community is for everyone to work together, behind a committed 
police force. It preaches a liberal assimilation/integration 
message as a way to stop crack. This is evident in the cop team 
put together to stop Nino Brown. The team is interracial and the 
central character, played by rapper Ice T, is a Black undercover 

As Nino Brown says in the courtroom when he gets busted, "there 
ain't no Uzis made in Harlem." Well, there ain't no drugs made in 
Harlem either. The film does not show how drugs got into Harlem in 
the first place, or why there is such increasing violence in the 
drug trade. Without confronting these questions any solution will 
be entirely inadequate to deal with the foundations of the 

If Peebles were to have really confronted the roots of drugs and 
violence in the inner-city, he would inevitably have had to deal 
with the white racist power structure that perpetuates and 
instigates Black genocide.

Capitalists are the real drug dealers who create structural 
violence in the Black communities, all to squeeze profits from 
anything they can. Imperialists exploit the poor Peruvian coca-
leaf growers who can barely survive cultivating a plant that only 
serves to destroy people in Amerika's ghettos while the pigs sit 
on the sidelines reaping the profits from the drug trafficking and 
watching Blacks kill Blacks. 

New Jack City is an Amerikan capitalist dream come true. With all 
the bad press generated from white cops in L.A. brutally beating 
Rodney King, what better solution to an out of hand drug problem 
than to get more "Black police turnin' out for the white cop."

Toward the end of New Jack City, we get the uneasy feeling that 
while the director demonstrates the short-comings of the criminal 
justice system (only because Nino's sentence is "too short"), he 
still forges a picture of liberal do-gooders trying to control 
drugs through the State. This is clear when he makes Ice T a 
mythological hero on a mission. We see him bust crack dudes out in 
the streets and later infiltrate Nino Brown's fortress. Toward the 
end of the movie he restrains himself from killing Nino, thinking 
that the State will do him justice, a very unrealistic expectation 
of the State in its service of the capitalist powers.

In reality, drugs are a falsely advertised way for the Black 
masses to survive conditions of poverty and oppression. Picking up 
an Uzi and selling crack is a form of resistance, in that it can 
mean temporary survival. But it is a form of resistance which 
plays into imperialist hands, and its a form of "survival" which 



(Oliver Stone, Tri-Star, 1991)

This latest Oliver Stone flick is a big hurrah for hedonism that 
seems true to what the Doors were--or at least what they were 
about. Jim Morrison, their lead singer, was a shoddy poet who sung 
captivatingly simple lyrics about love, sex, drugs, etc.--just the 
stuff the country was into and still the stuff that Hollywood 
knows it can sell big to Amerikans. Hedonism is slightly anti-
authority by nature, but fails when it comes to thrashing the 
system or articulating anything better. The sad part of Amerika's 
drug culture and the music that accompanies it is that this brand 
of anarchy on heroine heaves never gets out of its own (serious) 



(Orion, 1991)

Cool thriller with a strong female lead. Too bad the thrill is 
based on sheer homophobia. The main villain is a transvestite, a 
would-be transsexual had he not been turned down for the surgery. 
There is also plenty of cheerleading for the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation. Liberal director Jonathan Demme has said he wanted 
to make this a feminist movie, but when women gain power through 
the FBI to blast transvestite killers in an ultimate climax, they 
are betraying their gender. The FBI is part of the capitalist, 
racist power structure that has murdered many proletarians in this 
country, notably members of the American Indian Movement and the 
Black Panther Party. And whatever the intention, a transvestite 
villain plays into the bigoted Amerikan mindset where queers 
suffer from some form of mental disease and deserve whatever comes 
their way: AIDS, discrimination, death.


* * *


n April 7, Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari met with 
President Bush to discuss a possible Free Trade Agreement (FTA) 
between Mexico and the United States. If the agreement 
materializes, Mexico will join the United States and Canada in a 
North Amerikan free-trade zone to become the most powerful trading 
block in the world. Having successfully drawn Canada into an FTA, 
Amerika is focused on Mexico now that the country has an agreeable 
president. Salinas seeks foreign investment and free trade as part 
of his austerity program to privatize and industrialize the 

Environmental Disaster

As a prelude to what will become of Mexico if Salinas and Bush 
sign an FTA, one only needs to look at the border towns of Mexico. 
Under special trade rules lifting most trade restrictions, the 
border area has undergone an economic explosion where hundreds of 
Amerikan firms have made superprofits. Superprofits are obtained 
"over and above the profits which capitalists squeeze out of their 
'own' country."(6) They drain the host country (Mexico) and bloat 
the imperialist country, Amerika.

These companies have flocked to the border area to exploit the 
cheap Mexican labor and to escape the relatively heavy U.S. 
environmental regulations. Out of about 1,900 Amerikan-owned 
plants, more than 1,000 of them generate hazardous waste, but the 
vast majority do not comply with the lax Mexican regulations.(1)

In spite of recent lip service to the contrary, this environmental 
disaster area is not likely to come under more severe restrictions 
in the future.

A snarling river, infamously known as the "Nogales Wash" which 
begins in the Mexican mountains and passes through the odious 
border areas, is "laced with toxic industrial pollutants and laden 
with untreated sewage." On the Arizona side of Nogales, the area 
has a hepatitis rate of 20 times the average caused by the river's 
pollutants. One family living in a working community on the 
outskirts of Nogales uses a 55-gallon tank for their water supply, 
a label identifies the tank's old contents; a fluorocarbon solvent 
whose vapors are fatal if inhaled.(1) 

In nearby Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, Amerikan companies dump about 25 
million gallons of untreated sewage into the river every day.

Salinas recently closed Mexico City's largest oil refinery, since 
environmental conditions were so bad. Even a week after the 
closing of the ancient 57-year-old refinery, people leave the area 
with watering eyes and burning lungs. 

Although Salinas promised the workers jobs elsewhere soon after 
the plant closing, officials now confirm that all personnel will 
be dismissed.(2) Salinas most likely saw the aging state-owned 
refinery as an inefficient giant hindering his plans to develop 

Mexico's Perestroika

Despite the obvious destruction of the border towns in Mexico, 
Salinas plans to go full-speed ahead to expand free-trade to all 
of Mexico. But liberalization has been going on since the early 

In the 1970s, Mexican leaders borrowed heavily from foreign banks, 
like the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank, in 
order to build the economy. The government planned to use the 
revenue from the booming oil industry to pay off the debts.

Unfortunately, the recession in the early 1980s meant a severe 
drop in oil prices, and Mexico experienced hard times. Heavy debts 
and recession forced the PRI (Partido Revolucionario 
Institucional) leaders to open up the country for foreign 
investment, something not done since the 1930s.

Since then, "Mexico [has] deregulated or prepared to deregulate at 
least 25 major industries, put more than 900 government-owned 
corporations up for sale, reduced import tariffs, and removed 
quotas from 97% of imported items." Since the early 1980s, an 
average of more than one new maquiladora--U.S.-owned assembly 
plant--has opened every day along the border.(3)

For Mexican workers in these assembly plants, the purchasing power 
of minimum wage fell from more than $7 per day to less than $4 
from 1982 to 1990, and in about the same period, U.S. imports from 
Mexico grew more than 60% reaching a level of $26.6 billion in 

Today under the Salinas regime, maquiladora workers earn about $27 
for a 49-hour work week, but they do not receive any basic health 
coverage, nor do they receive safety protection under what are 
often extremely hazardous environmental conditions. "The 
maquiladoras created 400,000 jobs between 1979 and 1990, but these 
jobs paid only 50 or 60 cents an hour."(3) For Amerikan companies, 
these conditions make relocating to Mexico especially advantageous 
under a Free Trade Agreement.  

In the meantime, Salinas has gone on a privatization frenzy. He 
has opened up farming to international competition by slashing 
tariffs and abolishing most import licenses. Mexican peasants now 
face Amerikan farmers who grow four times as much maize per 
hectare as they do.

Salinas just recently put state food-processing companies and the 
largest state firm, the national telephone company, up for sale. 
The finance minister, Mr Pedro Aspe, said, "I have state 
enterprises to sell which amount to 40% of the domestic debt."(5)

Amerika's working class and imperialism

Salinas' drive for an FTA will open Mexico's markets for Amerikan 
imperialists to further consolidate their "holdings." Even before 
an FTA, the top three private sector exporters from Mexico to 
Amerika are Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors (GM). And with an 
FTA, this expansion will benefit only the big capitalists. In 
response to increased competition and their quest to generate 
products at more efficient cost, corporations like GM will move to 
Mexico, away from environmental regulations and Amerikan trade 

If the North Amerikan free-trade zone materializes, it will mean--
together with the European Economic Community--a capitalist terror 
on the Third World. As the opening of the borders forces smaller 
companies to compete for markets already dominated by larger ones, 
these companies will be bought out or fail, consolidating the 
means of production. This consolidation signifies the decay of 
capitalism and creates the material conditions for revolution and 
the death of imperialism.

Trade unions in the United States secure some of the capitalist 
booty for white workers, but they cannot (and do not try to) 
protect workers in Mexico and other Third World countries from 
capitalists like GM who flock there. The co-opted white working 
class would lose the privilege it has won in any attempt to defend 
the rights of colonized workers. This explains why the United Auto 
Workers (UAW) and other unions are so protectionist. While 
thousands of Mexicans will be working for GM under exhaustive and 
exploitative conditions, thousands of white workers in Amerika 
will lose their jobs.

The biggest loser in the capitalist game of consolidation will not 
be the reactionary white working class, suddenly prevented from 
buying VCRs. It will be the oppressed nationalities in the ghettos 
of Amerika and the Mexican peasants forced from the land to seek 
work in horrendous Mexico City.


1. New York Times 3/31/91, p. A1. 
2. NYT 3/27/91.
3. Dollars & Sense April 1991.
4. Economist 3/2/91, p. 44.
5. Economist 9/8/90, p. 54.
6. Lenin's Selected Works. International Publishers: New York, 
1971. p. 175.

* * *


he process of reducing Iraq from a budding regional power back 
into a suffering Third World neo-colony continued last month as 
the United States adopted a strategy designed to prompt a 
reactionary coup after seeing to the destruction of popular forces 
in a civil war and the impoverishment of the people through 
economic blockade.

Hundreds of thousands of Iraqi Kurds were driven from their homes 
by both the Iraqi army--intent on their destruction--and Kurdish 
rebels trying to clear civilians out of fighting zones.

The refugee crisis followed the military setback of Kurdish 
nationalist forces, who relinquished or were driven from a series 
of major cities they had seized in Northern Iraq. The movement is 
fueled by the destruction of the war and massive shortages from 
the blockade.

Treachery and trust

Kurdish military strategy appears to have been based on either the 
assumption that the United States would come to their aid in the 
fight against the Iraqi government, or an unrealistic assessment 
of the extent of the destruction inflicted upon the Iraqi army in 
the U.S. war. Or both.

Kurdish leaders insisted there was no outright deal with the 
United States to help (See MIM Notes 51). But whether or not they 
were fooled into counting on U.S. help, the Kurdish forces ended 
up engaging in a fight they were not prepared to win, leaving them 
open to U.S.-supported Iraqi devastation.

Now a total of at least 1.7 million Kurdish people have become 
refugees, with two-thirds heading for Iran and the remainder 
stranded on the border between Iraq and Turkey. Thousands have 
died from hunger, cold and preventable diseases, such as diarrhea, 
following the destruction of basic infrastructure and shortages of 
medical supplies from the U.S.-led embargo and war.(1)

"All hope was on outside assistance--the Americans and the 
allies," said one Kurdish man, who joined a U.S.-Saudi 
intelligence operation which broadcast radio messages into Iraq, 
calling on the people to overthrow the government. "Otherwise I 
would not have asked my friends to rise up."(2)

A secret radio station, Voice of Free Iraq, was part of a broad 
plan to create internal conditions conducive to a military coup to 
overthrow Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. The plan included covert 
military operations within the country to establish contact with 
Kurds and other rebel groups. But contrary to what the Kurdish 
leaders may have believed, the plan was not to help Kurds win 
regional autonomy or an independent state. Rather, it aimed to 
send a signal to Iraqi military leaders that with Saddam Hussein 
in power the army would be blocked by the United States from 
stopping the rebellions --but that a change in government would 
lead to more military freedom.(3)

Newsweek summarized U.S. aims this way: "Washington's best-case 
scenario is that a relatively moderate new dictator will emerge 
from the armed forces or the ruling Baath Party."

One State Department official gave his impression of Iraqi Kurds: 
"They're nice people, and they're cute, but they're really just 

This is not the first time Iraqi Kurds have been used in just such 
a scheme: in 1975, the CIA and Iran--who had been supporting 
Kurdish rebels attempting to overthrow the Ba'ath government--
suddenly withdrew aid after cutting a deal with Saddam Hussein.

Neo-colonial strategy

Criticism of the strategy employed by Iraqi Kurdish national 
leaders is not intended to imply their primary responsibility for 
the death and destruction which has befallen their people in the 
war and its aftermath. The U.S. imperialists and their pro-
imperialist allies in Baghdad (including Saddam Hussein)--as well 
as the governments of Iran, Syria, Turkey and the Soviet Union--
have done their best for last 60 years to prevent Kurdish 
independence and further the oppression of the people of 

The division of the people and their nations in the Middle East 
has been a central component of the imperialist strategy for 
domination of the region's people and resources.

Central to the imperialist neo-colonial strategy this century has 
been the use of local dictators to insure "stability" when 
possible. This best allows the development of internal forces of 
repression and builds up a powerful state apparatus which is 
highly resistant to popular movements. This is the strategy which 
led to the imperialist build-up of Iraq's Ba'ath Party in the 
first place, and the process by which its successor is to be 

While the Amerikan establishment blames Saddam Hussein for the 
post-war destruction--"Saddam's genocide"--the U.S. intent to 
destroy Iraq and bring it deeper into the fold of dependent 
countries is obscured. The Kurdish and Shi'a uprisings, and their 
subsequent repression, were also a part of this strategy. But the 
Kurdish leaders were either blind to this plan, or thought they 
could turn it to their advantage. On either count they were simply 

The full extent of U.S. hypocrisy is revealed by the efforts to 
"aid" Kurdish refugees on the Turkish border (by forcing them back 
to Iraq), while the equally tragic situation on the Iranian border 
is largely ignored. The U.S. government is much more dedicated to 
protecting friendly Turkey from an influx of angry Kurds (and 
establishing a few bases in northern Iraq), then it is to any 
"humanitarian" cause.

The Kurdish people have been fighting in different forms for 
independence throughout this century. Their cause is undeniably 
just and the oppression they face in all of their "host" countries 
is brutal.

As Iraqi Kurdish guerillas surrender their weapons by the 
thousands at the borders of Iran and Turkey, the lesson of another 
false ally and another back-stabbing is a cruel and painful one. 
It is now up to the Kurdish people to see that it's the last.


1. NYT 4/13/91, p. A1.
2. NYT 4/6/91, p. A1.
3. Newsweek, 4/15/91..

* * *


lbania, a small country in Eastern Europe which borders Greece and 
Yugoslavia, held its first Western-style elections on March 31 
after the government--run by a supposedly communist party--agreed 
to legalize the pro-Western, bourgeois Democratic Party. 

The Party of Labor of Albania (PLA), which supports Marx, Lenin, 
Stalin and Albania's own late Enver Hoxha, won the elections. In 
the 250-seat parliament the PLA will have more than 160 seats and 
the Democratic Party will have 72.

Although PLA head President Ramiz Alia lost his own campaign for a 
parliament seat, he remained as head of the party. The Democratic 
Party won most of the seats in the six major cities as well. 
Significantly the PLA blamed its own loss on "'separation from the 
masses'" in the cities.(1)

After the elections, the Albanian government quelled riots by 
killing three people. Nonetheless, the opposition recognized the 
election outcome as legitimate while promising to bring down the 
government in two months.(1)

Albania's past

In December 1990, Alia had announced that opposition parties could 
run their own newspapers. The opposition had four months to 
organize for the elections.(2)

Albania is the last country in Eastern Europe nominally run by a 
communist party. It has 3.5 million people, 60% of whom are 

Since June 1990, 80,000 Albanians have left for Italy and other 
countries.(1) The exodus resulted in the declaration of martial 
law on the ports.

Bourgeois Western scholars and journalists refer to Albania as a 
"hard-line" and "Stalinist" country. MIM has always maintained 
that Albania failed to learn from Stalin's mistakes by 
underestimating the existence of classes and class struggle under 

But even the PLA doesn't really uphold Stalin. Without any 
explanation the supposed Stalinists took down statues of Stalin in 
December 1990.(4)

Marxist-Leninist Party

Western supporters of Albanian-style socialism used to include the 
Marxist-Leninist Party (MLP, USA). MLP moved away from a 100% 
orthodox pro-Albania line a few years ago. It saw some of the 
problems in Albania in the making, but it did not identify Albania 
as state capitalist.(5)

The pro-Albania groups in the United States have been in disarray 
for some time though and it is likely that new realignments are in 
the making.

The supporters of Albania style "communism" said it was the 
Maoists who were overly tolerant of the bourgeoisie under 
socialism. (See MIM Notes 46 for a letter from an Albania 
supporter along these lines.) The "Hoxhaites"--supporters of Enver 
Hoxha's model of socialism--found it impossible that a real 
communist party would ever have a bourgeoisie in it, as Mao Zedong 

Adhering to the lessons of Mao Zedong, MIM is not surprised to see 
Albania careen from "pure" dictatorship, which simply ignored the 
reality of class struggle, to Western-style elections applauded by 
U.S. imperialist and Rhode Island Senator Claiborne Pell.(1)

At the same time that the phony communists in Albania were 
pledging completely free elections, they announced new regulations 
allowing unrelated people to own private enterprises jointly.(3) 
The PLA has also embroiled the country in massive unemployment.(4)

Just as Mao predicted, it was the people in the party in power who 
cleared the way for capitalism: "You are making the socialist 
revolution and yet don't know where the bourgeoisie is. It is 
right in the Communist Party--those in power taking the capitalist 
road."(6) Although Mao said this in 1976 to persuade people in 
China, he could have said it to the Albania supporters.

It is especially ironic that it was the Hoxhaites themselves who 
had to prove Mao right despite their wishes. The Albania 
supporters did not recognize that Enver Hoxha was taking Albania 
down the capitalist-road at the end of his life, but how can they 
deny that President Ramiz Alia is? How can they then deny that 
Hoxha's party had a bourgeoisie in it the whole time, since Ramiz 
Alia was in it?

The Hoxhaites disregarded the reality of class struggle within 
their own party for years and as a result people who never would 
have suspected "hard-line" Albania to go capitalist are surprised 
just how far capitalist Albania has gone so quickly.

Since MIM saw the basis for contradictions in the PLA all along, 
it was not surprised by recent events. Two months before the PLA 
announced elections, tore down Stalin statues and announced the 
legalization of general private property, MIM exposed the 
"Hoxhaite hoax" and said, "Pro-Albania communists in the United 
States may have some explaining to do soon."(7)

Foreign affairs

In foreign policy, as in domestic affairs, President Alia is 
taking a shamelessly bourgeois line. In a speech to the United 
Nations this year, the first ever by Albania, he said Albanians 
"approve and consider as promising the changes that have taken 
place in the relations between the United States of America and 
the Soviet Union, the agreements they concluded on disarmament..." 
Alia also promoted "detente" between the two powers.

In this speech, Alia demonstrated how far Albania is from Marxism-
Leninism, especially Leninism's theory of imperialism. MIM 
disagrees with Alia. Saying that imperialists like the United 
States and Soviet Union will end war through disarmament and 
detente is like selling drugs to the people. The imperialists only 
throw around these ideas in order to win advantages over other 
imperialists. In the end the imperialists always use war.

Historical achievements

Despite problems in Albania, communism is probably more popular 
there than other countries in Eastern Europe. Albania's own people 
under communist leadership liberated themselves from fascism in 
1944. In most other Eastern European countries, the Soviet Red 
Army played a bigger role because of the need to push Hitler's 
armies back to Germany.

Albania is also of special interest to MIM because Albania was the 
only other country to support the Chinese Cultural Revolution 
(1966-1976) and the theory behind it. Of course this support was 
in words and not in deeds because Albania itself never had a 
cultural revolution against the bourgeoisie in the PLA.

After Mao's death in 1976, and the subsequent end of China's aid 
to Albania in 1978, Albania's leader and founder Enver Hoxha 
turned around and opposed the Cultural Revolution and Maoism.

Call to comrades

MIM calls on all supporters of Albania and Enver Hoxha to look 
back at the history of socialist countries and realize that Mao 
was right: There was a bourgeoisie in the party under socialism. 
It's time to sum up this history and get back on the road of 
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism by quitting the pro-Albania groups and 
joining MIM.


1. New York Times 4/2/91, p.1.
2. UPI 12/29/90.
3. AP 1/2/91.
4. Workers' Advocate, Marxist-Leninist Party, USA 12/21/90.
5. Workers' Advocate Supplement 3/15/91.
6. Quoted in Fang Kang's "Capitalist-Roaders Are the Bourgeoisie 
Inside the Party," Peking Review #25 1976.
7. MIM Notes 45 10/1/90, p. 7.

* * *


by MC5

Since the crackdown in Tiananmen Square, Beijing on June 4, 1989, 
the phony Communist Party (CPC) which rules China has emitted 
occasional rhetorical noises of Maoism. Between 1979 and 1989, the 
CPC issued 90% bourgeois authoritarian instructions and 10% 
communist cover-up.

Since 1989 there has been a greater emphasis on cover-up because 
the CPC state capitalists have realized they are losing a power-
struggle with younger, Western-oriented bourgeoisie. Now, taken in 
isolation, 20% of CPC statements might seem okay to MIM 

It is very difficult to tell what is going on in China's ruling 
class right now. There are many highly contradictory phenomena to 

CPC on Gulf

After the U.S. victory in the Persian Gulf, Prime Minister Li Peng 
gave a semi-secret speech calling for China's military to 
modernize with the latest in technology. For this purpose, China 
is allocating at least a 10% increase in funding for the military.

This is incorrect as Li Peng misses the importance of People's War 
for Third World countries. (See ad for MIM's imperialism study 

What is correct, however, is Li Peng's citing the "new 
hegemonism."(1) Li Peng is in fact referring to the United States 
without actually mentioning it. The Soviet Union is out of the 
way, at least for the moment. The U.S. victory in the Gulf and the 
lack of an alternative superpower besides the crisis-ridden Soviet 
Union leaves the United States looking like a new hegemonic power.

Decadence and campaigns

Part of the CPC has also noticed its own decadence and started 
some campaigns against it. Vice-president Wang Zhen has circulated 
a document called "The Challenge of Feudalistic Forces in 

This document details the growth of religion, capitalists and clan 
organization in the countryside. For example, "in Handan county, 
Hebei province last year, 813 people had become Catholics while 
only 270 people joined the party."(1)

In Hunan province in a seven village area in Linxiang county, one 
third of the CPC are partners or consultants for "private 
entrepreneurs and had all but abandoned their party-related 

Another campaign for cadres to emulate 1960s hero of the people 
Jiao Yulu is underway, sponsored by Politburo member Li 

Underscoring all these emulation campaigns "to serve the people" 
is the firing of the ministers of communications and construction 
for corruption, which was perhaps the most important cause of the 
Tiananmen Square demonstrations in 1989.(3)

More importantly, hundreds of thousands of Chinese commemorated 
Mao Zedong's call 28 years ago to "learn from comrade Lei Feng." 
Lei Feng was a soldier who did countless good deeds serving the 
people and the party. He evokes considerable bourgeois cynicism 
for his simplicity, good-heartedness and usefulness to the CPC.

Leaving the impression of an internal party-struggle, the party 
press called for a campaign for another soldier model Zhang Qi and 
then published an old Deng Xiaoping article opposing all 

Perhaps the opposition to Deng Xiaoping is opportunist. Party 
leader Bo Yibo is now at age 82 making lots of Maoist noise: 
"'Nearly 70 years of history have shown that whenever we insist 
upon Mao Zedong Thought, our revolution and construction 
enterprise will make headway,' he wrote. 'Otherwise, they will 
meet with frustration.'"(5)

Still, all of these semi-Maoist revivals are from the 1960s before 
the Cultural Revolution. The most shocking contradiction in the 
CPC's new emphasis on fighting Western influence is the revival of 
an opera--the "Red Lantern"--done during the Cultural Revolution 
by none other than Gang of Four revolutionary leader Jiang Qing. 
The audience was so excited about the opera's revival that it 
stormed the stage on opening night and tickets were sold out weeks 
in advance. However, the play is not quite as shocking as it seems 
because it deals with themes of China's initial socialist 
revolution and not themes of the revolution against the 
bourgeoisie in the CPC or against state capitalism.(6)

Also coming out from underneath the rocks for the first time in 
years was Hua Guofeng, the 69-year-old former chairperson of the 
CPC, who served as China's number one leader in late 1976 and 1977 
after the death of Mao in 1976. Western imperialist commentators 
find Hua too leftist for their liking, but Hua Guofeng was the one 
who staged the coup against Mao's real supporters, the Gang of 

To the further fear and terror of the Western bourgeoisie, on the 
97th anniversary of Mao's birth, there "was the largest gathering 
of the late chairman's kin since the fall of the Gang of Four in 

Despite the fears of the Western bourgeoisie, the CPC cannot 
regenerate itself as a real Maoist party without a faction 
breaking off and leading social revolution. With a capitalist 
economy already in place, well-meaning and non-corrupt comrades in 
the CPC do not stand a chance of reforming the CPC. Too many CPC 
members have gained a solid material stake in opposing communism. 
That is the corruption problem in China today, part of the 
ordinary workings of capitalism.

1. South China Morning Post 3/12/91.
2. South China Morning Post 3/18/91.
3. AP 3/2/91.
4. South China Morning Post 3/11/91.
5. China News Digest 12/27/90.
6. AP 1/27/91.
7. South China Morning Post 12/28/90.

* * *


by MC5

Many well-meaning people ask MIM questions that are frustrating 
for both sides: "Who is in MIM? How many members are there? Where 
are they based? What is the political history or "pedigree" of 
this or that person? Who did this or that action?"

The question is frustrating for the interrogator because someone 
who is in MIM and not just answering for MIM will not answer the 

The question is frustrating to MIM because it sidesteps important 
theoretical questions. And because MIM will not answer these 
questions, it is subjected to whatever rumors people would like to 

Many groups suffer from fewer of these problems because they 
answer them in the open.

The fundamental problem is that MIM has no way of seeing through 
every FBI, CIA, NSC, military intelligence, Mossad or ex-BOSS 
agent out there. No one knows who is a pig and who is not. Hence 
MIM asks for understanding when it does not answer those questions 
which these pigs would be likely to ask.

Even when a well-intentioned person asks, the question is still a 
pig question. Sometimes information does not find its way to the 
pigs. Sometimes it does.

Within MIM, the membership is not entitled to equal or complete 
information about the structure and membership of MIM. This is a 
conscious decision by the membership of MIM, not an undemocratic 
or politically obtuse abuse by MIM leaders.

What is a pig?

Definition of pig: A pig is a police officer or other 
representative of the government's repressive apparatus, 
especially one who breaks down people's doors or quietly 
infiltrates a movement.

People will notice that MIM does not list its names or the most 
important details of its political practice in the newspaper; 
although a fraction of MIM activity is implied in the newspaper 
for those wishing to understand the nature of its influence and 
willing to read carefully. That is not a policy written in stone, 
but MIM has chosen to leave people substantially in the dark, 
especially since 1984.

If anything, MIM is not professional enough in this regard. The 
party of Lenin and Stalin suffered repeated blows at the hands of 
police that caused it chaos. MIM takes comfort in the fact that 
Lenin's party still survived, but at the same time, there is no 
doubt that MIM has a way to go before equalling Lenin's party at 
its pre-1917 best in discipline and sustainability.


As addressed in previous issues of MIM Notes, many people ask 
about MIM out of pragmatist concerns, not because they are pigs. 
The question of size in particular is a pragmatist, people-
centered approach to the issue of vanguard leadership. MIM rejects 
this approach.

MIM has already confessed to having a small size in previous 
issues. People desiring large organizations should join the 
Democratic Party or the environmentalist movement or something 

MIM does not want everyone in its membership, especially people 
who would base their decision on size. MIM comes from Mao's legacy 
on leadership:

"The correctness or otherwise of the ideological and political 
line decides everything. When the Party's line is correct, then 
everything will come its way. If it has no followers, then it can 
have followers; if it has no guns, then it can have guns; if it 
has no political power, then it can have political power" (S. 
Schram, ed. Chairman Mao Talks to the People, p. 290).

This understanding is much different than the ideology of 
pragmatism, which says to do whatever works at the time with no 

Lenin's Bolshevik party and Mao's communist party were both able 
to catapult past much larger and better-financed parties and 
coalitions because of their scientific understanding of history, 
its motion and present-day realities.

People should ask themselves not about the size of MIM, but 
whether or not MIM has the most scientific analysis of current 
history. Questions like who was right about what would happen in 
World War II -- Trotsky or Stalin? The following are some of the 
significant issues:

¥It was the Bolsheviks, not the Mensheviks, who got Russia out of 
World War I.

¥It was MIM that correctly predicted unemployment and economic 
crisis in the Soviet Union -- not the Trotskyists and the other 
pro-Soviet revisionists.

¥It was the Maoists all along saying that Deng Xiaoping wanted to 
repress the student movement both in 1966 and in 1989 at 

¥Ultimately, it was the movements in the tradition of Marx, 
Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao who brought the most rapid progress 
to society in the last 150 years.

Ironically, it is the pragmatists who substitute people-centered 
coalitions and wishful thinking for disciplined parties and 
scientific thinking that have failed to bring progress for the 
proletariat this century. 


Some people have a hard time envisioning the repression of the 
state because they have illusions that they live in a democracy 
with civil liberties. They have either never experienced 
revolutionary politics or they are blind to what happens all 
around them.

MIM has faced numerous and complicated operations by the state, 
but MIM does not choose to educate people about its own situation 
at this point because of the desire to remain underground as much 
as possible.

Instead, MIM distributes literature examining historical 
repression in the United States, especially examples from the '60s 
and '70s. The reason for this is that things do not change that 
much in how the state represses revolutionaries. (Except that the 
technology for surveillance gets better and better year after 

People who do not understand MIM's line on being semi-underground 
should read False Nationalism, False Internationalism and Agents 
of Repression: The FBI's Secret Wars Against the Black Panther 
Party and the American Indian Movement. People who read a number 
of "sectarian" papers will be aware of things like COINTELPRO and 
infiltration campaigns.

The state conducts complicated, expensive and "paranoid" 
operations. People who do not know this are not ready to work 
closely with MIM.

Revolutionary sacrifice

Some people do not like to work in semi-underground situations 
because it means they do not receive the public acclaim they 
otherwise would. Many potential revolutionaries are also good 
speakers and organizers and would receive some attention in 
newspapers or demonstrations if they stayed above ground and did 
not work with MIM.

Working in a vanguard party also means a constant tension in 
everyday life. This involves making certain sacrifices on a daily 

Going above ground

In certain circumstances it is desirable to be above ground. 
Although Dennis Brutus is not a member of MIM, his life is an 
interesting one to consider on this theoretical point.

After winning acclaim as a Black poet and working against 
apartheid, Dennis Brutus found himself breaking rocks with Nelson 
Mandela in prison on Robben Island in South Africa. Then the 
regime deported him.

Where the state has deported someone and it is impossible to sneak 
back into the country, as Lenin's organizers did repeatedly in 
Russia, it no longer pays to be underground.

Aboveground, Brutus was able to draw attention to his own 
situation and then go ahead and publicly spearhead the movement to 
kick South Africa out of the Olympics. His activities in the open 
and abroad brought joy to the hearts of those struggling within 
South Africa.

Then in the United States, the Carter and Reagan administrations 
tried to deport Brutus. Once again Brutus could not afford to work 
secretly. He had to bring public attention to himself.

MIM worked extensively on the campaign to keep Brutus in the 
United States.

The grounds the prosecution used to try to deport Brutus were 
classified for national security reasons, so important was the 
surveillance work done on Brutus.

An agent from the Bureau of State Security (BOSS) in South Africa 
also wrote that Brutus was one of the top 20 opponents of the 
apartheid regime, in BOSS's estimation.

Various Western governments cooperated in their intelligence 
efforts on Brutus. Occasionally, these agencies made their 
surveillance public knowledge.

Is it unreasonable to suspect that those who work with Brutus are 
also the object of surveillance? It seems likely that people 
working to keep Brutus in the United States inevitably come under 
at least some observation as well.

Why should MIM make the job of the repressive apparatus any easier 
by being completely above ground?

* * *


Publication of the International Communist Current in the U.S.
P.O. Box 288
New York, NY 10018-0288
(Write to "boxholder" without mentioning the organization's name.)
Fall 1990, No. 70
$1 per issue

MIM characterizes the International Communist Current (ICC) as 
part of the "back to Marxism-Leninism" tendency. Back to M-L 
opposes revisionism, identifies the so-called socialist countries 
as state capitalist and believes in organizing the working class. 
It differs from Trotskyism in that back to M-L does not fall for 
the deformed workers' state analysis--a theory that says countries 
like the Soviet Union are controlled in part by the working class, 
but under a corrupt leadership. Back to M-L generally has a 
correct analysis of capitalism and imperialism.

ICC's response to the U.S. war on Iraq--that the working class, 
meaning Amerikan households earning $20-50,000 per year, must 
organize under a communist banner--shows the shallowness of their 
analysis. ICC does not realize that Amerikan workers have a good 
life--one in which they are paid more than the value of their 
labor--because of their collaboration with the ruling class.

ICC presents some evidence such as layoffs, unemployment and 
sinking standards of living to argue that imperialism is not in 
the interest of the Amerikan white working class. And it is true, 
in the long run, the working class will not be served through 
collaboration with imperialism. But in the here and now, and 
certainly well into the period of decline of the U.S. empire, 
Amerikans are going to support imperialism be it through pacifist 
peace politics or outright support for war on the Third World.

MIM chooses to identify groups which have revolutionary potential 
and work there first. Students, prisoners, oppressed-nation 
workers and migrant laborers all have more interest in Maoism and 
revolution, even the ideas of the ICC, than does the white working 

ICC is expressly anti-Maoist and anti-Stalinist, although they 
either have not come in contact with MIM and the Revolutionary 
Communist Party or they fail to understand these lines in Maoism. 
ICC says that Maoism and Trotskyism perpetuate the "bourgeois lie 
that claims that the confrontation in the world imperialist arena 
between the imperialist blocs led by the U.S. and the USSR 
expresse the struggle between capitalism and communism."

While this might hold true for many of the Trot groups, the 
majority of Maoist parties in the world oppose Soviet revisionism 
and correctly identify it, as Mao did, as a system of state 
capitalism. ICC uses the analysis of state capitalism developed 
first by Mao Zedong in the Critique of Soviet Economics in the 
1950s, but they apparently don't know where it came from.

MIM has many other differences with the ICC for which space does 
not allow full exposition. The question of Stalin for one: ICC 
holds that Joseph Stalin restored capitalism to the Soviet Union 
where MIM believes this came definitively under Nikita Khrushchev. 
MIM also upholds Stalin as the best alternative available at the 
time. For more on this see MIM Notes 48 which includes two pages 
addressing the Stalin question.

MIM also differs with the ICC on the question of national 
liberation struggles which Internationalism denigrates as non-
revolutionary. MIM upholds the national liberation of Native 
peoples and Afrikan Amerikan parties such as the Black Panther 


External Fraction of the International Communist Current
P.O. Box 395
Montclair, NJ 07042
Fall 1990, No. 17
$1.50 per issue

This group is a split from the ICC which says it works on the same 
basic framework, but from outside the ICC. It is unclear reading 
the political positions page of both newspapers what the 
differences between the two groups are.

This issue of Internationalist Perspective (IP) centers on Eastern 
Europe, particularly the decline of the Soviet Empire with the 
loss of satellite countries. IP's line on the Soviet empire 
overlaps, in part, with MIM's: The USSR is a capitalist country as 
are the other countries in Eastern Europe; world events and 
internal contradictions have given the USSR a beating, tipping the 
scales toward the West; and these events are part of inter-
imperialist antagonisms.

Still, IP's analysis of Eastern European and current Soviet 
governments as Stalinist is particularly weak. Is Stalin still 
alive telling Cercescau what to do? IP never says why any of the 
Eastern European governments are Stalinist, nor do they say--if 
Stalin is indeed responsible--what he should have done instead. 
This is a typical nihilist criticism that makes Stalin into the 
ghost of international communism, responsible for everything that 
is bad.

Perhaps the best feature in IP is their review of European left 
newspapers, although the effectiveness of this is limited in that 
they do not print the addresses for people to obtain issues and 
decide for themselves if IP's line is right. This is a criticism 
that extends to almost everything MIM reviews: leftists tend to 
spout facts and names without providing adequate citations as to 
where the information came from and how the average person can 
obtain it.

Some of the differences with the ICC are found in a review of the 
ICC. IP accuses ICC of saying that the upheaval in the East means 
that the rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States is 
over, "thereby eliminating the danger of imperialist war." MIM 
does not have the issue in question to confirm this, but as it 
stands, it would be ridiculous to claim that imperialism is dead 
and gone without a major war. (IP points this out gloatingly.)

Like the ICC, this issue of the IP is anti-Maoist. It contends 
that Maoists defend the Tiananmen massacre where Chinese leader 
Deng Xiaoping ordered troops to open fire on thousands of student 
demonstrators in June 1989. Obviously, IP is not familiar with MIM 
or other Maoist parties which hold that China and the Soviet Union 
are state capitalist countries. Their analysis doesn't even show 
an understanding of Mao's own works.

IP says Maoists uphold Gorbachev's USSR as "a socialist country" 
and has the same shallowness on the Stalin question as the ICC.


Revolutionary Committee of Montreal
No address available
November/December 1990
Vol. 1, No. 3

Liberation is an anarchist-green paper that uses the slogan 
"partners and not wage workers." This paper supports Libya and its 
leader, Muammar Quadafi.

Its statement of principles outlines a quasi communalist vision of 
the future. "Each partner will get the benefits to the extent they 
contribute to the project," reads its International Green March 
statement. "These benefits are over and above the home, means of 
transportation and base income-basic needs which are provided to 
all people in society. They cannot be overworked, enslaved nor 
stripped of their dignity. There are no investors or absent owners 
who reap unearned incomes.... With the bureaucratic hurdles 
removed, production will be boosted to the highest levels."

The paper, with some articles in English and some in French, 
starts with an English article cheerleading for the FMLN, the 
revolutionary forces fighting in El Salvador. Liberation appears 
to uphold the FMLN even if their own statement of principles does 
not mention revolutionary violence or anything beyond fairly 
utopian communalism.

Another interesting article focuses on a Libyan project to tap 
water reserves in the Sahara Desert to create human-made rivers. 
Liberation lauds the Libyan government as developing these 
resources for the people's use, while the Canadian government is 
ravaging the environment and victimizing the Cree and Inuit 
peoples. The article says that Libya is a revolutionary country 
and is the world's first "State of the Masses."

Although it does not have the white, First World orientation of 
post-scarcity anarchism, Liberation does not articulate a concrete 
plan of how to make revolution or implement their partnership. 
Liberation neither calls directly for armed revolution nor gradual 
consciousness raising.


PO Box 29293
Oakland, CA 94604
$5/six months, twice a month
February 18, 1991

This used to be the newspaper of the League of Revolutionary 
Struggle. It supports Deng Xiaoping in China, once calling itself 
upholders of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought.

MIM never agreed with these so-called Maoists because they opposed 
the Cultural Revolution and the Gang of Four and supported the 
restoration of capitalism in China; although they would be very 
reluctant to admit it. They also tried to support Stalin on the 
national question, Deng Xiaoping and Mao all at the same time.

Maybe after the massacre in Tiananmen, these folks are too 
embarrassed to tell people anything about where they stand. If you 
had told people to support Deng Xiaoping, you might be embarrassed 
now too.

After the massacre, Unity spoke of the "great tragedy for the 
Chinese people." Buried in the story--after it reports 
international opinion and Chinese opinion in the United States--is 
Unity's own opinion: "The CPC [Communist Party of China--MC5] and 
the Chinese government are a people's party and government." 
(Unity, 6/20/89, p. 1)

In 1991, it is impossible to tell where Unity stands and if it is 
still connected to revolution, even in words. Some of the old 
staff remains. The masthead does not say League of Revolutionary 
Struggle anywhere. You won't find a reference to that name or 
revolution anywhere in the paper.

Who knows what they are now.

Another continuity besides extreme opportunism is Unity's tailing 
of various struggles of the oppressed nationalities. In the first 
two pages there are stories about Iraq, Latinos, Arab-Americans 
and Native Americans. The stories include cheerleading for 
electoral struggles. No where does one get a distinctive sense of 
what Unity thinks of the struggles with regard to a larger 

The rest of the paper includes articles about school board 
elections, school funding in New Jersey, congresswoman Maxine 
Waters and how great the mayor of Denver is; even though he is 

Despite all the talk about the victimization of oppressed 
nationalities in the paper, no where does Unity say that the white 
working class is bought off and an ally of imperialism.

More than ever before, this group of people chooses the very 
condescending approach of "gaining the trust" of people before 
informing them of Unity's real political views. They assume that 
people can't understand what they have to say.

Maybe the less Unity puts forward its line, the less its own staff 
knows what it stands for anymore. Even if Unity did know what it 
stood for, if the oppressed masses knew, they'd have nothing to do 
with it.


* * *


Dear MIM:

UPDATE: During the month of February one of the Comrades involved 
in the JONATHAN JACKSON commemoration [at Trenton State Prison in 
August], Hassan Barnes, was beaten twice, shackled to a cold steel 
bed frame in the "hole," and charged with two pig assaults. It is 
our guess that his head hurt their sticks. His activities involve 
a large amount of civil litigation, and the state's acts were 
retaliatory. On March 28, after being released from the hole, he 
was again beat down unmercifully by over six pigs, dragged to the 
hole, and subsequently spirited off to parts unknown as of this 

On March 24, during the afternoon "recreation" period, a prisoner 
was shot after he allegedly climbed onto the roof of this 
"facility" in an escape attempt. Because someone dared "buck," the 
goons vamped on the entire joint during the night, routed us from 
the cells we occupy, and ransacked them. Take note--the "escape" 
attempt occurred from the yard. No tools were used, the man merely 
was seen climbing to the roof from the rec yard. What was the 
purpose for the ransacking of the prisoners cells? It's called 
"preventive repression."

With that, i'm on the move. Look forward to hearing from you. Your 
allowing us this forum is commendable. Together we will win!!!

--prisoner from Trenton

MC11: MIM has published articles and letters about prisoner 
resistance and administration repression at New Jersey's Trenton 
State Prison in previous issues, which are available on request.

Dear MIM,

I am writing to inform you that I did receive your communication 
along with the MIM Notes. The contents of the letter were very 
understandable and your struggle well respected.

I want you to know that I do agree with your points and I do see 
the differences between MIM and other political parties....

 I am very much alone here, there are not too many people who even 
think I'm alive. I have a son and his mother doesn't even allow me 
to pass on the knowledge which he will badly need. To make my 
situation even worse, I'm in "Solitary Confinement" and I'm the 
only "Afrikan" who has any kind of awareness even though there are 
only three "Afrikans" in my section. I really feel that the 
Administration here has intentionally put me where I can't 
communicate with anyone of my caliber. 

I would very much like to join MIM and if MIM will have me I would 
be honored.

In my next communication I will be giving you some feedback on the 
article "Why Centralism?" which I enjoyed and agree with.

--prisoner from the west coast

MC 11: Isolating and separating politically thought-out prisoners 
from each other is clearly a tactic used by prison administrations 
to demoralize them and make it more difficult for them to organize 
within the prisons. However, MIM would caution those in the 
situation of the above prisoner against political elitism.

Even--and especially--the most politically advanced need to change 
their theories and shape their practice according to the reactions 
of the majority of oppressed people. The support of the masses is 
necessary for any successful organizing effort against the state 
and its agents (such as prison guards). If one has a correct 
analysis and line of action to propose, one ought to be able to 
eventually win the support of those less politically thought out.

To look down on those who have a material interest in revolution 
but no analysis of why it is necessary or how to achieve it is 
dangerous. It fosters a "masses are asses" attitude which leads to 
political leaders isolating themselves from the people whose 
interests they ought to be serving. 

Dear MIM,

I am a new reader of MIM Notes and I have long been a 
revolutionary. At this stage in my life I am 23 years of age and 
currently being held captive in a prison [on the east coast]. I 
can say from reading just one MIM Notes March 1991 issue, that we 
share a common agenda, liberating the oppressed...

I am involved in an underground political, radical and 
revolutionary movement within the institution I am in. We are 
first and foremost about trying to bring about a change here, "by 
any means necessary." We are living in dehumanizing conditions 

--prisoner on the east coast

Dear MIM,

...In regards to the prison struggle; my opinion is that the most 
effective and productive struggling in any prison should be the 
struggle to liberate yourself from it--anybody--and to rejoin the 
liberation movement where you can apply the things you have 
acquired while in prison...

I wholeheartedly agree with your position on China and Russia, and 
democratic centralism.

--prisoner on the east coast

Dear Comrades,

Did in fact get your recent dispatch with all the enclosed and my 
immediate response is to be well expected, wholeheartedly as well 
as objectively I do embrace MIM's position on democratic 
centralism, its goals, and its objectives as a collective 

Will indeed keep you posted on any events that take place here 
behind enemy lines...(Prison)

Comrades, let me set the record straight--I do want to become part 
of an active movement of well organized actions, however my words 
alone cannot explain my true feelings, nor manifest my deeds and 
actions only my physical being can do so, therefore; it is only my 
words that speak, and in my heart that is not enough.

So at this point I'll remain a very strong supporter of Maoist 
Internationalist Movement while being one of the founders of a new 
young radical movement called Black Order. But you can rest 
assured that one of our objectives is to connect with all the 
other movements that speak against the ruling class...

--prisoner on the east coast

Dear MIM, 

From the depths of the oppressors' dungeons do I rise up in order 
embrace comrades who have truly manifested their sincerity in the 
pursuit of liberation of oppressed people.

MIM, words alone cannot express my gratitude in appreciation for 
services rendered by you in the name of equality....

The oppressor's attempt to divide and conquer the revolution by 
abducting me from the outside and exiling me from the people was 
to no avail, for all they did was remove me from one aspect of the 
struggle to another. In all reality they aided in the 
establishment of new-found solidarity and brotherhood. 

I have read your material on nationalism. It is a strong piece. I 
haven't been able to read something as strong as that for a while. 
I agree that this capitalist system must be overthrown by the 
people and I am willing to join the party in the fight to 
overthrow this system.

I know that I have a long way to go, so I am trying to get all the 
literature that I can so that my mind would be as strong as my 
body and so that I can help the comrades in the struggle. So I 
would like to order books--literature--newspapers and anything 
that you think would be good for me and the other comrades within 
the prison that's willing to fight. I am trying to get all the 
money I can so that we can get the things we need to learn, like 
books on Lenin, Stalin, Mao, theory and line, and MIM's must-read 
books. We can't purchase all of them because of our pay that we 
receive, but I hope that we can work out something, so get back 
with us on that. I'm enclosing a money order for $8 for these 
books: Communist Manifesto, The Poverty of Philosophy, Wages Price 
and Profit (Marx).... 

--A prisoner on the east coast

MC11: Eight dollars is a huge sum for most prisoners to scrape 
together. MIM gets many many requests for books and literature 
that we cannot fill for lack of funds. Those on the outside who 
want to help supply prisoners with revolutionary literature should 
send money to MIM with a note that it go to MIM's books for 
prisoners program. 

Dear MIM,

After relentless appealing I was finally allowed to receive two 
copies of MIM Notes as well as Black Panthers Speak...

However, most of the material I was sent has still been denied. 
Enclosed are the excuses used. In spite of this please acknowledge 
my sincere gratitude for your willingness to share enlightening 
information with me. That which I have not received will in no way 
discourage me. Thank you and I wish you continued success in your 

--prisoner from the midwest

The publication review committee of the prison from which the 
above prisoner writes had this to say about MIM Notes' March 

"This material presents a threat... a clear and present danger to 
physical safety of persons and property within the facility. 

"Page numbers with specific rationale:

"From separate 'essays'  on pages enclosed in the newsletter: 
'Crime and Revolution,' 'Prisons don't work: revolution is the 
answer,' 'Police don't work either,' and 'What is MIM.'  

"The philosophy in part is 'MIM struggles to end the oppression of 
all groups over groups: classes, sexes, races, nations. MIM knows 
that this is only possible through armed struggle.' 

"The above statement is not conducive to the prison environment."

MC11 responds: MIM is glad to hear that our reporting on Amerika's 
criminal justice system is making prison officials nervous. We'd 
know something was seriously wrong with the party if MIM Notes was 
deemed "conducive to the prison environment" and welcomed by the 
capitalist state's prison administrations. However, without 
censoring ourselves, we would like to do whatever we can to ensure 
that the paper reaches the prisoners on our mailing list and 
others as well. The bourgeois legal system does maintain the 
pretense of giving prisoners some "rights" under the current 
system, so prisoners should let us know if MIM Notes is being 
withheld from them.

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