This is an archive of the former website of the Maoist Internationalist Movement, which was run by the now defunct Maoist Internationalist Party - Amerika. The MIM now consists of many independent cells, many of which have their own indendendent organs both online and off. MIM(Prisons) serves these documents as a service to and reference for the anti-imperialist movement worldwide.
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THE MAOIST INTERNATIONALIST MOVEMENT
MIM Notes 64 May 1992
MIM Notes speaks to and from the viewpoint of the
world's oppressed majority, and against the
imperialist-patriarchy. Pick it up and wield it in
the service of the people. support it, struggle
with it and write for it.
IN THIS ISSUE:
1. PERU SECTION:
WHO'S WHO IN PERU
WHICH ARMY IS THE REAL MURDERER?
DEMOCRACY IN PERU--LONG GONE
2. CATERPILLAR AND THE CASE OF THE PRIVILEGED WORKING CLASS
3. PRISONER WINS RIGHT TO READ MIM
5. PAPER TIGERS
THE AMERIKAN REAPER
THE $5 BILLION SPOOK
CIA GRABS 'EM YOUNG
AUSTERITY BREEDS REBELS IN VENEZUELA
SANDINISTA LEADER ENDORSES TROTSKY
MORE COPS, LESS FREEDOM
UNIVERSITY NEWSPAPER UNDER FIRE
REPORT SAYS ANTI-GAY ASSAULTS ON THE RISE
BACK AFTER LIBYA
6. ANC TALKS WITH WHITE POWER; OTHERS STRUGGLE FOR LIBERATION.
7. 'STREET CRIME'--THE FBI'S DIRTY WAR
8. BIG MAC OR BIG MAO? : CHINESE YOUTH INTERESTED IN MAO
9. CHINA MARCHES TO CAPITALIST TUNE
10. INDIGENOUS GROUP SPLITS RURAL VS. URBAN
11. LATINOS TOIL FOR AMERIKA
The Maoist Internationalist Movement (MIM) is a
revolutionary communist party that upholds
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, comprising the collection
of existing or emerging Maoist internationalist
parties in the English-speaking imperialist
countries and their English-speaking internal
semi-colonies, as well as the existing or emerging
Spanish-speaking Maoist internationalist parties
of Aztlan, Puerto Rico and other territories of
the U.S. Empire. MIM Notes is the newspaper of
MIM. Notas Rojas is the newspaper of the Spanish-
speaking parties or emerging parties of MIM.
MIM is an internationalist organization that works
from the vantage point of the Third World
proletariat; thus, its members are not Amerikans,
but world citizens.
MIM struggles to end the oppression of all groups
over other groups: classes, genders, nations. MIM
knows this is only possible by building public
opinion to seize power through armed struggle.
Revolution is a reality for North America as the
military becomes over-extended in the government's
attempts to maintain world hegemony.
MIM differs from other communist parties on three
main questions: (1) MIM holds that after the
proletariat seizes power in socialist revolution,
the potential exists for capitalist restoration
under the leadership of a new bourgeoisie within
the communist party itself. In the case of the
USSR, the bourgeoisie seized power after the death
of Stalin in 1953; in China, it was after Mao's
death and the overthrow of the "Gang of Four" in
1976. (2) MIM upholds the Chinese Cultural
Revolution as the farthest advance of communism in
human history. (3) MIM believes the North American
white-working-class is primarily a non-
revolutionary worker-elite at this time; thus, it
is not the principal vehicle to advance Maoism in
MIM accepts people as members who agree on these
basic principles and accept democratic centralism,
the system of majority rule, on other questions of
"The theory of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin is
universally applicable. We should regard it not as
dogma, but as a guide to action. Studying it is
not merely a matter of learning terms and phrases,
but of learning Marxism-Leninism as the science of
-- Mao Zedong, Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 208
* * *
WHO'S WHO IN PERU
The Communist Party of Peru: Commonly identified as Sendero
Luminoso or Shining Path, the party's correct name is el Partido
Communista del Perœ (PCP) or the Communist Party of Peru. Sendero
Luminoso, Sendero, Shining Path and Senderists are all distortions
created by the mainstream press.
Shining Path: Sendero Luminoso, Spanish for shining path, comes
from the phrase "on the shining path of Mari‡tegui" for JosŽ
Carlos Mari‡tegui, the founder of the PCP in 1928. It gained
currency as the name of the newspaper published by Chairperson
Gonzalo, the current leader of the PCP, at the National University
of San Crist—bal de Huamanga in Ayacucho before PCP was
revitalized in its current form. So the phrase is connected to the
rebuilding of the party and its affirmation of the Third
International. It is not, however, the name of the party or its
Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement: A reactionary rebel group
known by its Spanish acronym MTRA, this group serves imperialism
and social imperialism. It attacks the people and has formed
alliances with the Peruvian military. MTRA offered an indefinite
truce to the Garc’a government (1985-90) even while Garc’a was
directing the slaughter of imprisoned revolutionaries.
United Left/Izquierda Unita: The United Left is the major
"opposition" party within the Peruvian government. It wants to
dress up imperialism and bureaucratic capitalism which keeps the
masses starving, in poverty and under martial law so that the
Peruvian bourgeoisie and international capitalists will stay in
power. IU believes Peru is a functioning democracy and that PCP
messes things up.
PCP answers back: "What a democracy! More than 60% of Peruvian
territory is under the control of political-military commands. [IU
Leader] Enrique Bernales Ballesteros has kept a loathsome silence
in the face of the massacres committed by the military and police
forces in the emergency zones."
WHICH ARMY IS THE REAL MURDERER?
MIM is always addressing the allegation that the Maoist Communist
Party of Peru is a gang of brutal savage killers who are
responsible for the deaths of many good people in Peru. No brutal
dictatorship could possibly gain the broad support of the masses
that the PCP has, according to even the most reactionary accounts.
With that it mind, we would like to present a historical note on
Maoism in war.
Both the People's Liberation Army (China) and the People's
Guerrilla Army (Peru) had a similar method of working with the
Fighting in the Chingkang Mountains, Mao wrote: "The most
effective method in propaganda directed at the enemy forces is to
release captured soldiers and give the wounded medical treatment.
Whenever soldiers, platoon leaders, or company or battalion
commanders of the enemy forces are captured, we immediately
conduct propaganda among them; they are divided into those wishing
to stay and those wishing to leave, and the latter are given
travelling expenses and set free. This immediately knocks the
bottom out of the enemy slander that 'the Communist bandits kill
everyone on sight.'"
A recent PCP attack reported in El Diario Internacional has a
similar demeanor: "Eleven policemen and one civilian advisor were
the remains of a violent ambush carried out by a column of the
Maoist guerrilla army against a motorized patrol of the National
"The policemen, about 30 effectives, shocked by the overpowering
attack, decided to surrender. They turned in all their weapons and
military gear before they were set free."
Having the confidence to let your enemies go, to let the people
speak out and to face down all reactionaries one at a time, is an
essential tenet of Maoism. --MC¯
PERU RUNS SCARED
When Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori officially ended
democracy in Peru the first week of April, what changed? The myth
of democracy in Peru was ended, and the reality of a country
engulfed in revolutionary war came home. The result is a picture
in stark relief. Fujimori dissolved the congress, suspended the
judiciary and placed all power in the hands of the executive and
the military. It was a defensive move by the government and a
victory for the revolutionary forces of the Communist Party of
The Fujimori government has been operating under state-of-
emergency procedures since he took office. The guerrilla army's
power has grown throughout the last 10 years, and for the last
several years they have maintained control over more than half the
country, using these areas to begin to construct the future
society of what is now Peru.
In response, the government has launched massive attacks against
the civilian population, under the old counterinsurgency axiom
that in revolutionary guerrilla war, the people are the enemy of
the existing order. They're right, and the more they act on that
principle, the more true it becomes.
DEMOCRACY IN PERU--LONG GONE
In a desperate attempt to stop the steady advances of the
Communist Party of Peru (PCP), Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori
extended the existing state of emergency on April 6. He dissolved
congress, suspended the constitution, imposed additional
censorship on the media and ordered the military to arrest an even
wider array of political activists and mainstream politicians.(1)
The next day, Fujimori brought his attack to bear more directly on
its real target: the Maoist PCP. At dawn, 500 soldiers and police
officers surrounded two prisons where cell blocks are controlled
by some 630 PCP members and allies.(3) The troops dared not enter.
These measures show the strength of the PCP, which has recently
advanced from guerrilla war in the countryside to mobile warfare,
encircling Lima, the capital city.(2) The reactionary Peruvian
government is so threatened that it has cast off its last shreds
of legitimacy in an effort to attack the PCP.
The newly expanded martial law has also exposed conflicts within
the Peruvian bourgeoisie and their Yankee masters. In Peru, many
bureaucratic capitalists applaud the crackdown with the hope that
their enterprises, oil investments and mining operations will
finally be safe. Peru's senators and judges--many of whom are now
under arrest--naturally oppose this violation of "democracy," the
system that allowed them to get rich while more than 14 million
Peruvians languished in total poverty.
But Germany, Japan, the United States and the Organization of
American States (OAS) have all condemned the crackdown in Peru.
The Bush administration froze $275 million in military and
economic aid slated for fiscal year 1991 and said that an
additional $45.4 million slated for the next fiscal year may be
affected as well. Germany is reconsidering a $161 million aid
package and the OAS is considering economic sanctions, a move that
the New York Times says, "could cripple an already weak
Fujimori's move creates problems for much of the Amerikan "left,"
the Peruvian bourgeoisie and the U.S. State Department--all of
whom have been tacitly working together to assert the existence of
"democracy" in Peru.
State Department Spokesperson Richard Boucher issued a statement
against the crackdown: "The United States calls for the full and
immediate restoration of constitutional democracy, which must
include immediate freedom for those detained, and full respect for
human rights, immediate restoration of a free and independent
press and civil liberties, and immediate restoration of
independent legislative and judicial branches of government."(4)
This is essentially the same position of many social democrats and
Trotskyist groups in Amerika which condemn the PCP for disrupting
elections, soup kitchens, Western humanitarian organizations and
other political parties such as United Left (IU). In a recent
review of the killing of Maria Elena Moyano, a political activist
from a Lima shantytown, the social democratic magazine The Nation
blamed the PCP for her death: "The reason the Shining Path, which
vows to end injustice, wants to kill people like Moyano lies in
its macabre logic of 'people's war.'"(5)
Not only did The Nation fail to present evidence that the PCP
killed Moyano or that it knows what a People's War really is, but
this argument assumes that Peruvians should somehow work through
the system of "democracy" that allegedly exists in Peru.
Likewise, in separate editorials The New York Times and The Boston
Globe attacked the "Shining Path" and criticized the U.S.
government for engaging in a "drug war," instead of a real war
against the most successful Maoist party in the world today.
The Globe went so far as to say, "The Bush administration has
confused the real menace of the Shining Path with the 'drug war,'
which, by comparison, is a distracting sideshow."(6)
Reactionaries--especially those calling themselves progressive--
have to work hard to keep their heads buried in the sand because
the national media and Peruvian government often point out the
truth of Peruvian "democracy."
The New York Times made it plain that "President Fujimori has kept
most of Peru under state-of-emergency measures since taking office
to give security forces greater leeway in combatting the Shining
MIM Notes readers will recall our story "Peru's New Presidential
Tyrant" which took note of Fujimori's attacks on the people from
the day he took office on July 28, 1990.(7)
And Fujimori himself has said that there is no democracy in Peru:
"The current democratic system is deceptive, false; its
institutions routinely serve the interests of the privileged
There is a war on in Peru. The system of "democracy" which has
killed more than 12,000 PCP cadres in the last decade, and allowed
millions to die of malnutrition, cholera and starvation in that
same time--this system is no longer legitimate. That is why the
PCP disrupts elections and will not permit Western aid
organizations to try to "help" the Peruvian people. The only thing
that can help the oppressed countries of the world, and the
oppressed masses in Peru, is a revolution, fought and won with a
People's War. And that is exactly what the PCP will do.
MC5 contributed to this report.
1. Reuters in New York Times 4/7/92, p. 1.
2. The bourgeois media often refers to the PCP as "Shining Path"
or "Sendero Luminoso" in Spanish. These pejorative terms are used
to mystify the group as "terrorists" whose beliefs are somehow
irrational instead of connected to Marxism and Maoism. See sidebar
for more details.
3. NYT 4/8/92, p. A8.
4. NYT 4/7/92, p. A6.
5. The Nation 3/31/92, p. 412.
6. Boston Globe 4/7/92, p. 18.
7. MIM Notes 44 9/1/90.
8. Eugene Robinson, Washington Post in Boston Globe 4/7/92, p. 1.
Order MIM's Peru Study Pack for only $15, postage paid. Contains
original PCP documents, accounts from the bourgeois press and
articles from MIM Notes.
* * *
CATERPILLAR AND THE CASE OF THE PRIVILEGED WORKING CLASS
More than 10,000 Caterpillar manufacturing workers, most of them
white, shuffled back to work last month, after being told to sit
down and shut up by their big brother, the multinational
Caterpillar construction-machine producer.
The workers, members of the United Auto Workers, spent five months
on strike, holding out for a raise beyond the $17.50 an hour
offered to the average line worker by the company--that's about
$35,000 a year.
But the company has had enough. It put out ads to hire permanent
Imperialists like Caterpillar are the privileged white working
class' best friends. But the workers are in the subordinate
position in a relationship between parasites. This year, the
bosses told them, there would be no second cars, larger houses or
And who would support them, these workers who are among the
world's richest people? Not the 100,000 people eager to take their
places. And certainly not the oppressed people of the world--the
laboring members of the oppressed nations of the Third World
within the USA and abroad.
CAT WORKERS AID THE COMPANY
Amerikan imperialist capital and privileged workers have finished
a showdown at Caterpillar in Illinois. The multinational company
fought to lower the cost of bloated labor-aristocracy wages, and
the workers tried to muster a little class solidarity to keep the
blood-tinted gravy flowing.
On April 14 the United Auto Workers (UAW) announced it had caved-
in to Caterpillar's last offer, and told its members to go back to
work. The workers will have to live with an average of about
$35,000 a year in pay, and less benefits than they had sought.(1)
The 10,000 mostly white workers at Caterpillar plants in Illinois
struck for five months before the company announced it would start
hiring permanent replacements if the union didn't accept its final
offer, which raised average on-line wages $0.58, to $17.56 per
A week before the union gave in, the world's largest construction-
equipment maker began hiring new workers. The phone company said
more than 100,000 calls were placed to the numbers in the help
wanted ads in four days.(4) By April 12 the company said 750
workers had broken with the union to come back, but the union said
the number was less.(5) The agreement was a complete loss for the
union, which all along had been rejecting the same final offer
they eventually accepted.(1)
Eastern Air Lines, Greyhound and International Paper have all
recently hired permanent replacements to break labor-aristocracy
strikes.(6) But this is the first time recently that a big company
has tried it against the UAW.(1)
The strike was called a watershed, as the UAW tried to hold on to
the system of pattern bargaining, by which one contract is struck
with different companies in the same industry. That method has
been successful for the union in the auto industry, which has
negotiations coming up soon; auto executives were hoping
Caterpillar could break the system.
Caterpillar is offering less in health care and retirement than
Deere and Co. did in its last contract, saying that pattern
bargaining would hurt its ability to compete with foreign
companies. Caterpillar's biggest competitor is the Japanese
company Komatsu, which is half its size. Caterpillar had six years
of profits before last year, when it lost $404 million.(6)
Pattern bargaining is one tactic the UAW used to stay ahead of
other big unions in the last 10 years. Although the UAW lost a
third of its members during the 80s, it got wage increases
totaling 25% for the decade, compared to only 2.5% for
steelworkers, for example. The union also got the major auto
companies to promise $6 billion in compensation for laid-off
Although less than 2% of the UAW's 900,000 members work for
Caterpillar, the union was using the strike as a test for future
battles over pattern bargaining.(7) They were also trying to get
better job protection, since Caterpillar said it could run its
factories with 10-15% fewer workers.(2)
Caterpillar is a massive multinational company, the second biggest
industrial exporter in the United States, but 75% of its products
are officially Made in the USA (59% are exported). Paying Amerikan
manufacturing workers has been expensive, and investors are glad
to see the company paring down its costs.(7)
The strike is a clash of "visions." The company is led by Chairman
Donald Fites, a seasoned imperialist with an international head on
his shoulders; he led the company's operations in South Africa,
Brazil, Asia and Europe. His vision is of a company using some
Amerikan workers competing successfully with foreign imperialists.
To do that, he wants to stop subsidizing some medical packages.(8)
Meanwhile, "For the strikers," the New York Times wrote, "there
are the lost dreams of new cars, larger homes and college
educations for their children."(9)
This is part of the ongoing conflict and negotiation between
privileged Amerikan labor and imperialist capital over the amount
of riches ripped off from the Third World to be distributed to the
labor aristocracy here. In the overall alliance of these two
groups, occasional flare-ups mark difficult periods of transition.
Kissing imperialist ass
The white workers, having kissed imperialist ass for so long, have
little class solidarity and even less credibility as a serious
strike threat. They're often at the mercy of these corporate
cutbacks, although they still maintain one of the highest
standards of living in the world. Losing these strikes, even as
they wave their flags and cheer on U.S. militarist ventures
overseas, shows the weakness and dependency of the white working
A labor movement filled with Amerikan nationalism and petty-
bourgeois aspirations (and petty-bourgeois salaries) has no one to
rely on but the bourgeoisie. The oppressed people of the world
sure as hell couldn't care less.
The imperialists are paying too much for the unproductive labor
privileged workers do here, and so they need to both reduce their
costs and increase their super-exploitation of Third World
nations. In the process, they foster the revolutionary tide among
the oppressed people of the world--the working classes of the
oppressed nations abroad and within Amerika--and use their shiny
yellow tractors to dig their own graves.
1. New York Times 4/15/92, p. A1.
2. Wall Street Journal 4/2/92, p. A3.
3. NYT 4/9/92, p. A12.
4. NYT 4/11/92, p. A10.
5. WSJ 4/13/92, p. A3.
6. WSJ 4/7/92, p. A1.
7. NYT 4/7/92, p. A1.
8. NYT 4/13/92, p. C10.
9. NYT 4/10/92, p. A13.
* * *
PRISONER WINS RIGHT TO READ MIM
A year after New Jersey State Prison officials decreed that MIM
Notes was "unauthorized for retention by the inmate population," a
prisoner's perseverance has forced the administration to cease its
censorship of the MIM newsletter.
A New Jersey state appeals court ruled March 31 that prisoner
Kevin S. Thomas' constitutional rights had been violated when
prison officials confiscated MIM Notes and declared that they
would block all forthcoming issues of the newspaper from reaching
prisoners at the state's maximum security prison in Trenton.
Thomas, who represented himself in the suit, was one of many
Trenton prisoners who were notified last April that MIM Notes was
considered "contraband," and that to be in possession of a copy of
the newspaper was a violation of the prison mail code. The April
1991 issue, MIM Notes 51, contained a page of reports from Trenton
prisoners on their struggles against guard brutality and the
crackdown on political organizing there, headlined "Trenton
prisoners fight for survival." Subsequent articles were titled
"Prisons don't work," "Police don't work," and "Revolution is the
The appeals court ruled that the prison administration violated
its own rules when it banned MIM Notes: Prison officials should
have offered Thomas the choice of having the "offensive" articles
removed from the newsletter, rather than censoring the whole
MIM salutes Thomas for succeeding in this step of the crucial
struggle to get revolutionary literature into prisons. The Trenton
administration wanted to ice out MIM Notes because it is used as a
tool to organize behind the prison walls.
Although MIM considers it of vital importance to provide this tool
to prisoners, the party does not have the resources at this point
to fight it out in the courts. So we depend on prisoners and other
allies to do what they can. In this case, Thomas went up against
the odds and won. --MC11
* * *
'Revolutionary' tokers examine Mao
We [the Green Panthers] are the only militant, direct action
protest group in our subculture [pot-smokers]. Our subculture,
which is heavily proletarian, is being warred against like never
before in history. Bush and company just budgeted $12.3 billion to
be spent over the next 12 months oppressing us and a lot of other
people under the guise of the drug war. There are 30 million pot-
smokers in Amerikka, and we're getting pissed.
As you will notice in our manual, we draw from various sources,
including Mao. Our next printing (sometime around mid-summer) will
include the 18-word strategy and material from "Just War, Unjust
We know from history that Mao executed addicts and their
suppliers. Many Maoists we have met are rabidly anti-pot-smoking.
This makes us initially reluctant to work with you. But, being a
student of Mao, I know that it is foolish to think China's
revolutionary methods must be applied directly to the U.S.
revolution. That would be "cutting the feet to fit the shoe" and
you would be defeated. Real strength is to be gained by working
with our subculture.
I have been part of the pot movement for years, and I have watched
our leaders grapple for a strategy to deal with the onslaught.
None of us had ever dealt with such repression, and the only
methods seemed to be working through the existing court system. In
other words, we had no strategy.
But now people with AIDS are denied medical marijuana, the middle
ground of negotiations is almost gone. Even A Barefoot Doctors
Manual [a book used in revolutionary China--MC17] has medical uses
for the herb. And talk of armed resistance is becoming more and
more audible. Our movement is getting really angry about what is
happening and what is about to happen. It is my opinion, and there
are those that share my opinion, that Maoist tactics are our only
chance against a full scale lockdown and round-up.
At the Alternative Drug Summit in San Antonio last month, I was
the only speaker to talk about South America, Peru, and the PCP.
Our movement is overall pretty ignorant of world politics and even
domestic politics, but we are awakening. And when we have awakened
fully to what is going down, we will overwhelm those that oppress
I have enclosed a copy of our newsletter, the Revolutionary Toker.
Green Panther member
MC67 & MC17 respond: The Green Panthers seem to be quite
politically advanced, evidenced by their recognition of the
superiority of Maoist theory and methods for organizing against
imperialism. At the same time, the group is aware that we cannot
apply China's methods here in Amerikkka wholesale. We must respond
to our current conditions.
The Green Panthers are correct to recognize the importance of
fighting against the Amerikan drug war. This war on drugs is the
government's method for suppressing potentially revolutionary
communities and legitimizing the state crackdown on drug
"criminals"--while raking in the profits from drug imports and
sales. [Write to MIM for in-depth articles on how the drug war
oppresses Third World communities inside and out of the United
The war on drugs kills and brutalizes Black and Latino youth every
day, and these young people are the ones put in fascist boot
camps. MIM would like to see the Green Panthers focus on this
occupying army in the oppressed communities.
MIM sees the war on drugs as imperialist aggression. The principal
contradiction, what we must focus our revolutionary energies on
right now, is between the oppressed and the oppressor nations.
Until we overthrow imperialism, we will never be able to benefit
from marijuana's many uses. As a legal drug, it is not profitable
for the capitalists because it can be grown too easily.
As a revolutionary vanguard party, MIM bans the use of any illegal
drugs (for non-medicinal purposes) by its members. There are
First, revolutionary organizations are under government
surveillance. As with the Black Panther Party in the 1960s, once a
party becomes threatening, the state is always looking for an
opportunity to break down the doors and lock up all the commies.
Possession or use of illegal drugs is too great a risk for a
Second, MIM agrees with the Green Panthers' policy on members not
smoking pot before a political action. But MIM takes this quite a
bit further. Although pot is different from harder and more
addictive drugs like crack and heroin, it still has a mind-
altering effect (as does alcohol), which can impair one's
Third, although there are many reasons why the Third World
proletariat uses drugs, in general drug use is part of imperialist
oppression and serves to take people away from the revolutionary
struggle. Addictive drugs are very profitable for the capitalists,
and they need markets. Such drugs are often pushed into oppressed
communities where poverty and suffering make people receptive to
the escape offered by drugs. Often, as physical energy
deteriorates, so does revolutionary zeal. Just as Britain forced
opium into China, the Amerikan government dumps crack and heroin
into U.S. inner-city oppressed communities.
In Peru, for instance, the peasants' principal crop is the coca
leaf. This leaf serves many purposes for these people: medicinal,
cultural, and sustenance. The Amerikan government and its colonial
supporters in Peru buy the crop and turn it into cocaine to sell
to the oppressed masses in Latin America, the United States and
Canada as a means of further keeping the masses down.
Buyers cheat the Peruvian peasants, but coca is one of the few
crops that will grow on their land, and it is the only crop that
will bring in any money. In addition, the many cultural uses of
the coca leaf would support small scale production even without a
market for the cocaine producers. (Order MIM's Peru Pack for more
information, send $15 post-paid to MIM.)
MIM understands that these complex factors are behind the U.S. war
on drugs. And MIM supports the Peruvian masses who want to grow
food crops and become more self-sufficient. They want freedom from
the oppression of drug production and use, not freedom of access
to it. For these people--and most of the Third World--drug use is
not a cause to fight for.
MIM does not believe that pot-smokers in this country, as a group,
are the oppressed masses who have a material interest in
revolution. For example, although all biological women suffer
under some gender oppression, that does not mean that all First
World women are revolutionary feminists. The Third World oppressed
nations (the majority of the planet) are the anti-imperialist
Also, the Green Panther writer incorrectly attributes execution of
drug addicts to Mao Zedong. Like the United States today, many
oppressed people in China before 1949 were addicted to drugs. In
fact, Mao did execute the really big drug pushers who would not
change their ways, but even these executions were few. The drug
addicts were not executed, they were reformed out of their often
deadly addictions. Mao correctly identified drugs as a source of
oppression for the Chinese people and MIM sees this as a truth for
the oppressed nations of the world today.
MIM seeks to work with groups like the Green Panthers in the fight
against the imperialist drug war while struggling over important
issues of tactics and line such as what is outlined above. As MIM
allies with opponents of imperialism, it hopes to learn and
promote an ever clearer definition of the best path to
Non-member enjoys struggle with MIM
While I am not a member, I do want to express my admiration and
respect for the work that you have done with me and the guidance
you have provided. Such an inclusion and feeling of camaraderie is
most appreciated. Things like that are rarely said in this world,
but I just wanted to say Thank You for letting me become part of
your circle of workers and supporters. I hope I can always rise to
the occasion and do the best work possible. Your example in work
and political struggle must be commended.
Gimme info on Peru
Please send me MIM Notes 38, 44, 47 and 48. I am particularly
interested in the civil war in Peru. Personally, I think comics
are the best way to disseminate ideas; an extra bonus is that they
are inexpensive. The party should definitely give this format
A comrade in the East
MC17 responds: MIM is very interested in the idea of using
cartoons to disseminate ideas and is looking for skilled and/or
willing cartoonists. We hope that the author of this letter and
others will help us.
I just got my hands on another copy of MIM Notes. As with any
revealing publication, it is a tad hard to find. Every once in a
while I find it in this certain bin on X campus.
Something really dawned on me while enjoying MIM Notes 61 and that
was our goals are the same but we are coming at each other from
different directions. Maybe one day we will find each other.
I find it refreshing that other people, like myself, are willing
to risk popularity to get a point across and save the planet. The
article on General Motors hit the target. God, they piss me off.
I publish a Zine called Messiah: The Journal of Sex, Politics and
Religion and would like to participate in your publication
If you need someone to spread the party line in the XX area, I
could put MIM Notes where Messiah is found.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Editor of Messiah
MC17 responds: MIM appreciates the offer to help with
distribution. We can always use more help.
Some people work for revolutionary goals from the direction of
religion. MIM agrees with the goals of many religious national
liberation movements (in oppressed nations), but sees the idealism
of religion as misleading in the struggle to promote a materialist
understanding of historical and current politics.
In spite of this disagreement, MIM hopes to work with all
revolutionaries who understand the principle contradiction at this
time is between oppressed and oppressor nations and target the
MIM does not let religion get in the way of alliances with truly
anti-imperialist organizations. But MIM does not see religion as
compatible with Marxist materialism. Materialists must examine
history and always be prepared to defend their beliefs with facts;
religion is a method of reasoning that defends beliefs with faith.
MIM hopes to convince religious people who support revolutionary
goals of the value and necessity of materialism to achieve those
Look for a review of Messiah in a future issue of MIM Theory.
How does the world work?
I saw your MIM Notes and I am interested. Please add me to your
mailing list. I would like to receive all related information
about what is going on in the world.
Reader in the East
MC17 responds: MIM has materials about what is going on in the
world in its literature list available for $2. But, as a monthly
newspaper, MIM cannot yet be anyone's primary source on current
news. MIM needs help with articles and finances so that it can
become a more frequent paper, and effectively counter the
government and corporate propaganda in the bourgeois press. In
addition, anyone serious about advancing their understanding of
revolutionary theory and practice should also be subscribing to
MIM Theory ($3/quarterly issue or $10/year).
* * *
All reactionaries are paper tigers. In appearance, the
reactionaries are terrifying, but in reality they are not so
powerful. From a long-term point of view, it is not the
reactionaries but the people who are really powerful.
THE AMERIKAN REAPER
Sometime after 3 a.m. on the morning of April 21, Robert Harris
spent 11 minutes strapped down in a chair in San Quentin prison in
California, waiting for someone to pull the lever that would drop
cyanide capsules into a bucket of acid, releasing the poison gas
that would choke him to death.
"Let's pull it," he said.
That was before he got another stay on his execution, which gave
him another two hours to wait in his cell for the Supreme Court to
order his death, again.
It's all part of an especially wicked practice of the state
torture system in Amerika known as the "justice system." Inmates
set for execution are regularly dragged through hours of waiting
and suffering, and sometimes multiple attempts to kill them by
such methods as intravenous lethal injection, poison gas and
After 16 minutes of choking and convulsions, Harris, a white man,
was finally pronounced dead at 6:21 a.m.
Since state murder was officially legalized in 1976, 169 people
have been executed. About 2,500 are on death row, almost 330 of
them in California. While pacifists outside sang "We Shall
Overcome," blood-thirsty Amerikans bore signs which read, "Take a
deep breath, Bob," calling for his death.
Harris was the victim of vicious child abuse, which his lawyers
said left him brain damaged. He was convicted on the testimony of
his own brother, who supposedly helped him kill two young men 14
years ago. The father of the victims watched Harris die.
Whose idea of justice is that?
Revenge, torture and blood-lust murder fuel the rising tide of
executions. There is no justice in Amerika.--MC12
Notes: New York Times 4/22/92, p. 1.
Republican presidential hopeful Patrick Buchanan spoke to an
auditorium full of enthusiastic admirers at X University recently.
His rhetoric was charged with "Buy American" and "America First"
which has come to define his campaign. The audience cheered
One young man attempted to challenge Buchanan, asking why the
defense budget was so high. Buchanan replied, "It won the cold
war, and freedom for 250 million people, that's what for."
Applause. The man persisted, decrying the injustice that people
are starving in the cities of Amerika. "There's nobody starving
here," quipped Buchanan. The candidate's loyal brownshirts then
drowned the man out with their cheering.
As for Buchanan's claims: Amerikan victory in the cold war won
civil war, economic insecurity and possible starvation for 250
million people in the ex-USSR. Furthermore, as the leadership of
the new Russian federation is proving to be completely inept in
confronting the problems facing the region, two important
political movements have risen. On the extreme right, fascist
Vladimir Zhirinovsky gains support all the time.
On the left, there has been a re-emergence of the Communist Party.
The Russian people realize that capitalism is an empty promise.
Unfortunately, the party is led by officials from the former state
capitalist and social imperialist Soviet Union, the same men who
once sold their people down the river for profit.
As the situation unfolds, one thing is clear: anything can happen.
Amerika has no starving people? Perhaps if Big Brother Buchanan
visited the inner city of his native Washington, D.C. he would
change his tune. Or maybe the folks who make their homes on the
heating grates in Lafayette Square Park just don't quality as
"people." No one worth saving is starving. Sounds like genocide.
How should the people respond to Buchanan's ravings? Revolution!
Let the international proletariat show reactionaries like Buchanan
what Maoist fury can mean. Let the masses speak! Let the
proletariat drink the wine of victory, and toast the downfall of
capitalism and imperialism. --MA51
THE $5 BILLION SPOOK
In conjunction with the CIA, Republican Senators are working to
force Russia to turn over renegade agent Edward Lee Howard, now
that the Russian republic has fully joined the capitalist circle.
Howard defected to the Soviet Union in 1985. The feds want to
force Russia to turn over Howard as one of the conditions for the
the U.S.'s $5 billion contribution to a $24 billion international
"aid" package for Russia. --MC67
Notes: Newsweek 4/20/92, p.12.
CIA GRABS 'EM YOUNG
The Central Intelligence Agency this year is subsidizing 500
college students across the country, to the tune of $1.6 million.
Some students, paid $30,000 a year, pledge to give four years work
after graduation. "Toys are a fun thing," said one young future
state-terrorism expert, who loves his job developing
"technological devices for covert operators."
It's all part of director Robert Gates' new "openness" program (in
the USSR they called it glasnost), which includes "closer
cooperation with academia."
The CIA and other state organs pay countless young people to
become pigs and work for the cause of world-wide oppression and
exploitation. These CIA stooges are another 500 down the drain,
but they should be a counter-model for angry young people who want
to break the mold of wallowing decadent Amerika and line up on the
side of the people. --MC12
Notes: NYT 4/5/92, p. 4A.
AUSTERITY BREEDS REBELS IN VENEZUELA
In Venezuela, leaders of the Feb. 4 coup attempt are warning that
another coup attempt is likely, possibly combined with a social
uprising. Workers and students have been striking and protesting
against the government, and on April 1, 70,000 public employees
struck to demand salary adjustments. Sixty thousand health workers
began a solidarity strike, joining 10,000 court workers who began
a series of strikes with the threat of an all-out strike soon.
Venezuela has a population of about 20 million. --MC67
Notes: Weekly News Update on Nicaragua and the Americas. Nicaragua
Solidarity Network (NSN) of Greater New York, 339 Lafayette St.,
New York, NY 10012, 4/6/92.
SANDINISTA LEADER ENDORSES TROTSKY
Sandinista president Daniel Ortega was asked whether, in light the
FSLN's consideration of joining the Socialist International (SI),
the front was dumping Lenin in favor of Kautsky (a turn-of-the-
century German Social Democrat Party leader); Ortega said, "I
think that a revolutionary cannot ignore Kautsky just as you can't
ignore Trotsky. It has nothing to do with stopping being Leninists
in order to turn ourselves into Kautskyites. Rather, we continue
to be Sandinistas." --MC67
Notes: NSN 3/29/92.
MORE COPS, LESS FREEDOM
In response to the arrest of two Winnipeg men who were arrested in
December for advocating and promoting genocide, an Atlantic
Canadian gay/lesbian issues magazine ran a news piece which
stated, "Police are congratulating themselves for smashing a Ku
Klux Klan chapter in Manitoba." Many were happy to see these
bastards charged, since they have been attacking ethnic groups and
had electronically changed the message on a gay/lesbian bashing
reporting line to criticize those who spoke out against the KKK.
This article left the impression that the police are here to
defend women, Blacks and gays from fascist attacks. It negated the
fundamental role of the police: as armed agents of the capitalist
state to sanction, promote and participate in the murder of
members of the gay community, not to mention Black youth who have
been in the sights of the racist cops of Toronto, Montreal and
Halifax. The article did not distinguish between the fascism of
groups like the KKK and skinheads and the fascism of the Canadian
Gay and lesbian activists who want to stop the bashing of their
friends should break from illusions of Canada's "liberal
democracy," pick up a copy of the works of Mao, discover who their
allies are and organize to destroy capitalism and patriarchy. --
Notes: The Gazette 3/92.
UNIVERSITY NEWSPAPER UNDER FIRE
The bi-monthly newspaper, Surface, at Queen's University in Canada
has been the target of backlash from the administration and
conservative students. A poem which said that rapists "deserve
death" and a graphic of a .38 caliber handgun with the caption
"You can't rape a .38--We will defend ourselves" has resulted in a
wave of complaints to the publishers--the Queen's Arts and Science
The editors of Surface were last in the news in October, after a
reader sent a letter to the editors threatening to "rape u dykes"
and "kill any and all feminists slowly." The reader had apparently
been upset by an issue in the fall which said that "We think all
straight men are rapists (and dead men don't rape again)" and
"Jesus was a flaming queer who sucked the cocks of all his
disciples (except for Judas)."
MIM sees all sex under conditions of capitalism and patriarchy as
rape, not because all straight men are inherently rapists, but
because gender inequality makes it impossible to engage in
consensual sexual relations. We do think the slogan "We will
defend ourselves" is quite revolutionary, particularly when
compared to state-backed "feminist" organizations. MIM calls on
all progressive and revolutionary feminists to join MIM. --MA68 &
REPORT SAYS ANTI-GAY ASSAULTS ON THE RISE
In March the National Gay & Lesbian Task Force (NGLTF) reported
that documented anti-lesbian and gay incidents rose by 31% in
Amerika during 1991. The statistics for 1991 are based on 1,822
incidents reported to state and community agencies in New York,
Boston, Chicago, Minneapolis/St. Paul and San Francisco.(1)
The reported incidents include verbal and physical assaults,
vandalism, arson, police attacks and murder. The number of
reported incidents in these cities has increased 161% since 1988
when monitoring began.(1)
The rise in reported attacks reflects the fact that these reports
exist. The reports exist because more lesbians and gays have come
out and become more visible in the years since the Stonewall
Battle of 1969, when gay men and lesbians violently resisted
police brutality following a raid on a gay club in Manhattan.
Since then, lesbians and gays have created diverse political
entities based upon public identification of sexual orientation.
While some of these groups agitate for the "right" to serve in the
U.S. military--others burn police cars and trash government
buildings in outrage over genocidal government AIDS policies. San
Francisco's large gay community has been particularly militant
over the last 15 years.
The reported rise in anti-gay verbal assaults and violent "hate-
crimes" is a phenomenon born of Amerikan gay political power and
its growing access to government, media and police institutions.
Sexual assault, lynchings and gender oppression are as Amerikan as
apple pie, white sheets and napalm.
As public awareness of homophobia expands and gay people use the
capitalist state to protect themselves from attackers that are 92%
men--revolutionaries note that all gender, class and nation
privileges gained and used politically under imperialism are
bought at devastating expense to the majority of the earth's
We will not have a future if queers continue to collaborate with
the patriarchy! Gay-bashing is repugnant to revolutionaries and
calls for revolutionary actions. MIM invites all oppressed
lesbians and gay men to form revolutionary communist cells and
MIM says: Queers can fight back against the world's masters only
by forging revolutionary alliances with the truly downpressed
colonies inside the United States and the billions of people who
suffer under gender oppression and are thus female in relation to
the privileged First World. --MC86
1. NGLTF press release 3/19/92.
2. CUAV press release 3/19/92.
BACK AFTER LIBYA
The U.S. government has escalated the ongoing conflict with the
people of Libya, this time by forcing the U.N. Security Council to
adopt an air-traffic and arms embargo on Libya. The pretense is a
U.S. and French demand for the Libyan government to turn over
suspected terrorists for trial in the West.
The United States has been gearing up for war on Libya for more
than 10 years. In 1981 U.S. fighters downed two Libyan jets over
Libyan territorial waters. In 1986 U.S. fighter-bombers bombed two
Libyan cities, including the capital city of Tripoli. Then in
January 1989 they shot down two more fighters, supposedly in self-
defense, again over Libyan-claimed waters.(See MIM Notes 35.)
The U.S. government is shoring up its increased influence over
Arab nations, trying to root out uncooperative leaders. After the
Soviet collapse, U.S. domination has new opportunities for
superexploitation of people and pillaging of resources, but also
new threats from rival imperialists in Europe. In that regard,
Amerika hopes to extend influence over Libya and replace leader
Muammar el-Qaddafi with a more pro-U.S. power, since Libya is a
major source of cheap oil for European countries, but not for the
United States. --MC12
Notes: NYT 4/1/92, p. A6.
* * *
ANC TALKS WITH WHITE POWER; OTHERS STRUGGLE FOR LIBERATION.
After white South Africans voted in March to endorse the
government-led negotiations toward a new constitution, and as the
violence and economic crisis for Azanians increases, Azanians are
fighting for leadership and organization for the national struggle
toward liberation and socialism.
The leadership of the mass movement, particularly the African
National Congress (ANC) and its allies, is coming under fire from
people tired of watching their comrades die on the slow boat to
electoral reform. The reform process has meant the end of
international sanctions against South Africa, and a boom for the
international bourgeoisie, smiling down on the clever tricks of
its little brothers and sisters in the colony. (See MIM Notes 63.)
But so far, nothing is better for the people.
In the USA, Azanian revolutionaries and their supporters gathered
in Pittsburgh on March 21 to commemorate the thirty-second
anniversary of the Sharpeville Massacre and to celebrate the U.N.
International Day Against Racism.
Mongezi Sefika Ka Nkomo, the president of Azania Heritage,
delivered an important speech at the event. MIM has a lot to agree
with in this speech, which took a concrete historical approach and
critical perspective based on isolating the principal
contradiction (national oppression), and driving it forward
through class and gender struggles.
Nkomo stressed mainly the class struggle within the national
liberation struggle of the Azanian people, calling for proletarian
leadership of the movement. His was a progressive call and an
incisive indictment of sell-out leadership within the Black
National liberation requires a broad movement of national forces,
but the leadership of proletarian feminist ideology and a vanguard
party is essential for achieving real liberation and building a
"Today, divisions between and among Black political groups and
alliances even within trade unions are basically class oriented,"
Nkomo said. "The revolutionary imperative and the socialist
demands of the Pan-Africanist movement in general, and the Black
Consciousness Movement in particular, have crystalized the
formerly covered-up and masked ideological differences within the
leadership of the sections of the Black-founded and -led
liberation movement based on class."
Nkomo outlined the political orientations of the main
organizations in Azania today: the Azanian People's Organization
(AZAPO), which carries the torch of the Black Consciousness
Movement and Bantu Steve Biko; the Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC),
which inherited the legacy of the ANC's radical Youth League of
the late 1940s; and the ANC itself--"the first modern civil rights
AZAPO now seeks to ensure working-class participation in the
negotiation process, the PAC is devoted to the national land
question, and the ANC--along with the formerly pro-Soviet South
African Communist Party (SACP) and trade unions--targets racial
discrimination. Nkomo dates the ANC's degeneration to 1955, when
it adopted the Freedom Charter, abdicating "the national land
rights of the African people without any semblance of reparation
for their ancestral property and the labor of making South Africa
the industrial giant of Africa it is today!"
In the spirit of an honest assessment of the political forces in
Azania, Nkomo gave credit where credit is due, and leveled harsh
criticisms as well. "Not all Blacks are working class," he pointed
out, "let alone have working-class orientation. In the same way
the majority of whites are working class but ideologically they
follow their capitalist-funded political parties--even here in the
USA that is the case."
He added: "The majority of whites voted for [the referendum on
negotiations] in order for the white Afrikaner National party to
preserve white privilege when negotiating with Nelson Mandela's
ANC, which is interested in the economic empowerment of the
national African bourgeoisie through capitalistic affirmative
action programs funded by the private sector from Pittsburgh to
Revolutionary potential in the midst of crisis
Any group within the national movement has a duty, Nkomo argued,
to "define their primary class allegiance," and insisted that "it
is also ideologically correct and politically imperative for
gender and sex-preference issues to be examined in terms of class
interests." While this passage of the speech is slightly ambiguous
as written, he appeared to be stressing the importance of the
principal contradiction within the struggle.
With regard to gender struggles, that means feminism which does
not work from the perspective of national liberation and
proletarian revolution does not serve the needs of oppressed
women--and therefore fails to be feminist at all. Likewise, a
national liberation struggle, even with proletarian leadership,
needs revolutionary feminist ideology in order to overturn the
existing order and project the power of all progressive forces.
Nkomo declared the National Peace Accord signed last year a fraud,
and condemned the ANC and its allies for "finding common cause"
between European colonizers and oppressed Azanians. That puts the
ANC on the same level as neo-colonial lackeys of imperialism from
Kenya to Haiti to Washington.
Part of the accord, according to a statement quoted by Nkomo, was
that the ANC, SACP and Congress of South African Trade Unions
agreed to turn over names and addresses of political activists
engaged in any public political activity, supposedly to help the
apartheid government stop political violence!
Nkomo stressed self-reliance in the Azanian struggle, which is an
urgently-needed perspective in the midst of a lot of fatalism
after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Those movements which were
backed and funded by Soviet social imperialism are now inevitably
turning away from armed struggle and toward sell-out negotiations:
this is happening from Palestine to Azania to El Salvador. As
Nkomo pointed out, the people of Azania need to see beyond the
blinders put out by "public state bureaucratic capitalism in the
former Soviet Union."
Azania remains in a state of crisis. The white vote has
strengthened the state and boosted its international political and
financial standing; imperialist countries are ending (flimsy)
sanctions and turning back to South African investments. While the
futile negotiations drag on and the people's death toll rises from
state terrorist attacks, the national liberation struggle needs a
strong vanguard party with proletarian feminist ideology and
Maoist strategy and analysis. From the whirlwind of intensified
crisis and change, MIM looks for such a new revolutionary
Notes: Transcript of Mongezi Sefika Ka Nkomo's speech delivered at
the Azania Heritage, Inc. First Annual Observation of the United
Nation's International Day Against Racism and Apartheid. 3/21/92.
For more information about Azania Heritage, contact the
organization at P.O. Box 6360, Pittsburgh, PA. 15212-0360.
* * *
'STREET CRIME'--THE FBI'S DIRTY WAR
In early 1992, Attorney General William P. Barr announced that the
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is shifting 300 agents who
were assigned to the department's counterintelligence division to
units which are "combatting 'street crime.'"(1)
This shift in personnel should not be taken lightly by liberation
The "war on drugs" and the "war against violent street crime" are
code words used to justify the U.S. government's political and
military oppression of the Black nation, Latino nation, indigenous
nations and some Asian communities.
In the 1960s, FBI documents characterized Black youth in the Black
liberation movement as "hate groups that had a propensity for
violence." Pigs today use this same rhetoric to describe gangs.
Slain Black Panther leader Fred Hampton struggled with gangs in
the Chicago area in order to win these youth and young adults over
to the Black Liberation Movement. Such a stand is needed today as
well, especially since the U.S. government is carrying out, and
intensifying, military-political war against this segment of the
already oppressed Black nation.
It is not uncommon in major cities today to find many Black youth
who are members of urban street groups, commonly referred to as
"gangs." The purpose these groups serve, as well as their
activities, are subjects of debate and struggle within the Black
nation itself. The stand of revolutionaries on this important
social issue is that we should be working with gangs to point out
the problem with inter-nation violence, commonly referred to as
Pigs devise a plan
A brief analysis of newspaper and government documents shows that
this domestic war has been going on for years. Using the "war on
drugs" and a "war against violent street crime" as an ideological
and rhetorical cover, the federal government has been coordinating
police operations against Black urban groups for years.
The 1992 federal budget points out that "to remove violent street
gangs from U.S. cities, special FBI, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco
and Firearms (BATF), and state and local task forces have been
established." Thirty-one of these task forces exist today.
"Federal agents work side-by-side with state and local officers to
counter the influence of drug and other inner-city gangs."(2)
Such a program exists in Los Angeles, where 22 of the
counterintelligence FBI agents have been reassigned. "Thirteen
agents in the FBI's Los Angeles region have concentrated for years
on ... investigations involving gangs...."(3)
These same FBI agents, along with the BATF and other federal pigs
may well be involved in "Operation Weed and Seed," a spin-off from
foreign war political-military operations designed to divide the
oppressed peoples from the revolutionary forces by phoney
investment and community service projects initiated by the
imperialists. This "Weed and Seed" program "will root out the
violent criminals and provide investment to revitalize
In the L.A. area, the Compton NAACP was reportedly an initiator of
a meeting with the local FBI, in which other federal pigs, such as
the BATF, attended.(3) The use of civil rights organizations like
the NAACP to support police operations against Blacks will cause
division within the Black nation. No legitimate activist or
communist could support police wars against any segment of the
But the imperialists use the NAACP and other groups to legitimize
state repression and split the Black nation. "Jay Wachtel, chief
of the Long Beach (CA) office of BATF ... said that community
organizations are invaluable in mobilizing residents to fight
Other aspects of this not-too-secret war include:
¥The planned establishment of a joint FBI and BATF Gang Analysis
¥Support for the BATF's Violent Gang Enforcement Program, to the
tune of $38 million.
¥Operation Triggerlock, a joint federal police and U.S. Attorney
program designed to jail "the most dangerous criminals in each
All of these programs cost big money, with the FBI's street gang
task force predicted to cost $46.7 million in 1993.(2)
But the cost to the Black nation will be far greater. None of
these programs even consider remotely that the courts will acquit
any defendants--not that activists or genuine communists ever
expect the capitalist courts to dispense justice to the oppressed.
Just as the 1960s and 1970s saw frame-up after frame-up of Black
and indigenous fighters--kangaroo court justice, guilty verdicts
with long prison terms and fines are almost assured for those who
fall within the web of the current domestic political-military
Counterrevolutionary programs, such as those described above, were
carried out against the Black Liberation Movement in the late
1960s. Black Panther leader Fred Hampton, along with scores of
other Panthers and non-Panthers, were murdered or jailed by local
and federal police agencies. Many of these freedom fighters--young
Black men and women of the same age as youth in today's street
organizations--carried out Black nationalist, revolutionary
nationalist and Maoist political work in the Black nation's
communities. The FBI-led war against the Panthers left today's
youth without revolutionary political leadership.
Fred Hampton carried on struggles with Chicago street youth and
encouraged them to join in the liberation struggle. Today's youth
face the same challenge--and a determined enemy as well. What is
needed more than anything today, is to build revolutionary
political leadership that can lead the way forward to victory for
the oppressed people.
1. New York Times 1/13/92, p. A11.
2. 1992 Budget of the U.S. Government, part 1, p. 199, 202.
3. Los Angeles Times 2/6/92, pp. B1, B4.
* * *
BIG MAC OR BIG MAO? : CHINESE YOUTH INTERESTED IN MAO
"To be a genius is to be a bit more intelligent. But genius does
not depend on one person or a few people. It depends on a party,
the party which is the vanguard of the proletariat. Genius is
dependent on the mass line, on collective wisdom."(1)
Mao popular in China
A rebirth of interest in the Cultural Revolution and the cult of
personality around Mao Zedong has swept across China in the past
few years. According to the bourgeois press, Mao hasn't been this
popular in China since the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution
(GPCR) of 1966-1976. People are interested in Mao's writings, his
portrait and buttons, and clothing and music reminiscent of the
Bookstores reportedly sold 10 million volumes of the new edition
of his works in 1991. During the Cultural Revolution, China
printed 10 billion volumes of his works and 6.5 billion copies of
the "Little Red Book," Quotations from Chairman Mao.
According to the China Daily, the "Mao cap," with a red star at
the front, is a favorite among trendy Cantonese youth.(2) Like
Malcolm X in Amerika, Mao is at the height of fashion in China.
This popularity is really nothing new. During the student and
worker protests which led up to the Tiananmen Square massacre on
June 3 and 4, 1989, many demonstrators carried portraits of Mao
and slogans from the GPCR were popular. The student-worker
movement used the memory of Mao to represent true socialism in
today's struggle against Deng's fascist regime, which is socialist
only in name.
Mao was a great comrade. But some of Mao's popularity arises from
the extensive "cult of personality" built up around him. The
problem with personality cults, which emphasize individual
leaders, is that they deny that the masses are the true makers of
history. (Send MIM $1 for "Personality Cults: Individualist
Ideology Rooted in Class Society.")
U.S. press catches the Mao craze
On March 9, Time magazine featured two articles about Mao. The
first was a two-paragraph piece debunking the myth that Mao had
taken "marching orders" from Stalin during the Korean War. The
article concluded that Mao acted on his own--out of fear--when
Chinese forces attacked U.S. forces nearing the Chinese border. In
fact, China had the strategic confidence to defeat the United
States in Korea, even if that meant a U.S. invasion of China.
The second article was a full-page review of a book by Harrison E.
Salisbury entitled, The New Emperors: China in the Era of Mao and
Deng. This book claims that Mao Zedong was a sex and drug addict
and a "pseudo-Marxist" who was incapable of running a country.
Salisbury deems Mao unfit to rule because he believed that the
masses were capable of achieving anything, if motivated. What a
Salisbury's sources are largely drawn from former Chinese aids and
officials who proved to be pseudo-Maoists themselves in the post-
Mao era. Mao is portrayed as an Emperor prepared to violently oust
anyone who got in his way. But if Mao was as violent and ruthless
as the bourgeoisie makes him out to be, then Deng Xiaoping would
not be in power today.
And if Mao was such a sex and drug addict, how could he be such a
careful leader? He initiated the Cultural Revolution, through
which the Chinese people made great advances in medical care and
improved the overall standard of living in China. Under Mao, China
became a modern and self-reliant nation. --MA51
1. Committee for a Proletarian Party, later called Organization
for Revolutionary Unity, "The Cultural Revolution in China," p.
2. Toronto Globe and Mail 2/14/92.
* * *
CHINA MARCHES TO CAPITALIST TUNE
In February, 87-year-old Deng Xiaoping made his Chinese New Year
tour of China's booming southern coast, where he visited the town
of Shenzhen, one of China's prosperous "special economic zones"
(SEZS) in Guangdong province, near Hong Kong. Deng was quoted by
the New York Times as saying, "If capitalism has something good,
then socialism should bring it over and use it."(1)
Which is exactly what he has done. Ever since Deng's anti-
socialist agricultural reforms of 1979, he's been working to speed
up the advance to capitalism.(2)
Following Deng's agricultural counterrevolution, the door to
capitalism was opened in the coastal regions. Along China's
southern coast, five SEZS were established in Guangdong and Fujian
provinces and on Hainan island. Also, 14 cities became "coastal
open cities" with tax breaks for foreign trade and investment.
The result of these capitalist "reforms" has been the 12-year
economic boom in Guangdong and Fujian.(3)
This boom has brought all the "pleasures" of decadent capitalist
industrial life. A small farming and fishing town in 1979,
Shenzhen in 1991 had 2 million inhabitants, high-rise buildings,
prostitutes of both sexes, traffic jams, its own shattered BCCI
branch, and a GDP per person of $2,000 a year (3)--compared to GNP
per capita of $330 for all of China.(4)
Sexual harassment, drug addiction and prostitution are far more
common among Guangdong's 63 million people than in most of the
rest of China.(5)
Fujian province, with 30 million people, went from being one of
China's poorest provinces in the 1970s to the second largest
recipient of foreign investments, after Guangdong.(3) When
imperialist control takes over, self-reliance is out the window.
Just before Deng's 1979 reforms set in, state-owned businesses
accounted for nearly 80% of China's industrial output. In 1990,
that figure was 54%.
China's state enterprises-- called "welfare societies" by the
western press--provide workers with education, housing, medical
care and a small wage.(6) These state enterprises are being
overtaken by private business, many foreign-controlled, which
offer no such guarantees. In particular, Chinese business in
Taiwan, Hong Kong and abroad are investing in the SEZS.
Last year, the state paid 37 billion yuan ($6.75 billion) to
subsidize artificially low prices, and had a record budget deficit
of 21 billion yuan.(7) In contrast, during the 1960s China carried
no internal or external debts at all.(8) And today, prices
continue to rise, as a once self-reliant economy is traded
overnight for one which is debt-dependent and export-oriented.
The Chinese masses know better than any people that without
another socialist revolution and continual Cultural Revolutions,
this road to capitalism will bring only more pain and suffering to
the majority of the nation. --MC42
1. NYT 2/28/92, p. A14.
2. NYT 3/25/92, p. A4.
3. Economist 10/5/91, p. 19.
4. 1990 World Population Data Sheet.
5. NYT 3/26/92, p. 1.
6. The Economist 6/1/91, pp. 15-18.
7. NYT 3/27/92, p. A11.
8. William Hinton, The Great Reversal: The Privatization of China,
1978-1989. Monthly Review Press: New York, 1990. p. 6.
* * *
INDIGENOUS GROUP SPLITS RURAL VS. URBAN
A split in the continental grassroots-oriented leadership of the
500 Years of Resistance Movement was formally recognized at a New
York City conference of indigenous people's representatives during
the week of March 2.
A statement released by the newly formed Coordinating Body of
Indigenous Organizations and Nations of the Continent (CONIC)
reads in part:
"In 1986, the Indigenous Movement initiated a campaign to
disseminate information about the state of oppression under which
our peoples live. ... Among the initiatives of the native peoples
of ABYA YALA have been to invite the different sectors of the
society to make a common front, based on mutual respect of the
differences and characteristics among sectors. This indigenous
proposal has been distorted, and usurped by sectors which have
always carried out discriminatory practices. ... They tried to
impose a system of a homogeneous society which is based in
centralized and bureaucratic power which ignores the right of
Indigenous Peoples to Self-determination.(1)
A spokesperson for South and Meso American Indian Information
Center (SAIIC), one of CONIC's founding organizations, told MIM
that indigenous people are the "vanguard" of the 500 Years
Movement. S/he said that the Secretaria Operativa, the original
coordinating organ of the 500 Years Movement, has manipulated the
political agenda of the Movement to favor the interests of
mestizos (descendents of Spanish conquerors and indigenous people)
and Blacks (descendents of slaves hijacked from Africa), i.e.,
urban interests. Indigenous people are primarily rural peasant
Mestizos live mainly in urban areas, participating in electoral
politics. Blacks tend to live in barrios and form an urban
proletariat. In the rough social and economic hierarchies
throughout Meso and South America, mestizos interface with the
urban and rural petty-bourgeois classes. Blacks are mostly
landless and depend upon the ability to sell their labor-power for
survival. Indigenous people communally farm land that was stolen
from them long ago and from which they are forcibly removed on a
Mestizos speak Spanish. Blacks speak Spanish and English. The 39
million indigenous people speak dozens of languages. Historically
all three sectors have been set at each others' throats by the
ruling class which understands that it is often more cost-
efficient to let the oppressed fight for crumbs among themselves
than to hire a death-squad for every village.
Unity in diversity?
As a whole, the 500 Years Movement has an anti-imperialist thrust.
The Movement protests "neo-liberal privatization," destruction of
the environment, IMF debt restrictions, gender oppression and
murder by the military and police.(2) However, says CONIC, at the
continental meeting in Guatemala in October 1991, the indigenous
were only represented by 10% of the delegates and their demands
for indigenous national self-determination and cultural and
political autonomy were essentially liquidated.
A Colombian spokesperson for the Continental Chasky told MIM that
the goal of the indigenous is "autodescubrimiento," or "self-
discovery." S/he charges interference in this process by "unions
of the old left and syndicalists." S/he says that the complex
struggle has been reduced by non-grassroots leadership to only
class struggle and fails to encompass demands for indigenous self-
determination on the basis of nations that existed long before
Both SAIIC and the Chasky urge activists to participate in the
hundreds of activities planned between now and Columbus Day 1992.
They state that the Movement, originated by the indigenous in 1987
in Quito, Ecuador, is successfully stirring up public opinion and
hopes to influence the course of liberation struggles now and
after the obscene Quincentennial Celebration evaporates in a blast
of champagne bubbles and bulldozers.
"We should ratify, in light of the misrepresented interpretations
of our political and ideological position, that our struggle is
anticolonial and anti-imperialist, and against all forms of
domination and exploitation. We support the maintenance of
communitarian forms of life in the face of the aggressive
capitalist imposition, the struggle for the maintenance of
indigenous territories in the face of multinationals and the
diverse forms of cultural resistance, which are examples of our
political position. ... [however] it is a right of indigenous
people to meet with each other to handle our own problems."(3)
MIM knows that any liberation movement that is not led by a
vanguard revolutionary communist (Maoist) Party is doomed to
fragment around the types of issues described above.
Mao Zedong remarked that there are three major contradictions in
society. These are between urban and rural areas; between industry
and agriculture; and between mental and manual labor. Maoists take
note that all three of these contradictions are manifested in the
split of the 500 Years Movement into class, nation and gender
interests that are irreconcilable, short of communist revolution.
The struggle between these interests is also the motor of
MIM supports the right of the indigenous nations to self-discovery
and self-determination. MIM also supports the necessity of the
urban proletariat and petty-bourgeois peasants to form vanguard
parties, smash the bourgeois state, and develop socialist
economies. The self-determination of indigenous nations cannot be
achieved by any lesser movement. --MC86
1. CONIC press release 3/7/92.
2. Report of the Campaign 500 Years of Indigenous, Black and
Popular Resistance, Quetzaltenango, 7 to 12 October 1991,
Guatemala, Central America.
3. Ibid., p. 30.
* * *
LATINOS TOIL FOR AMERIKA
Farm workers survive by handling pesticide saturated crops. Unlike
the privileged sectors of the Amerikan public--who only think
about pesticides when they go to the supermarket--farm worker
families never escape the hazardous poisons on which Amerikan
agribusiness relies. Farm workers handle plants that are still
wet--they breath air, drink water and eat food that harbors death.
Farm workers are in contact with treated crops within hours of
spraying; they can not simply buy organic.
Migrant farm workers are mostly young latino couples with
children.(2) In California, 88% of all farm workers are Mexican,
(3) and half of the total farm worker population are undocumented
aliens.(2) Children in the farm worker community face overwhelming
obstacles, for them life in Amerika is no better than the future
they would have had in their native country, they receive no
benefits from imperialism.
Children have no place to go while their parents toil in the
fields, there is no day care and school is problematic because
school districts in farm worker areas concoct tactics to keep the
non-English speaking children out. They refuse to enroll students
who do not speak English, they discourage enrollment by inventing
residency requirements and they demand that only natural parents
can enroll a child in school.(4) Many of these tactics are
illegal, but laws do not apply across nation and class divisions,
they are applied selectively.
Migrant children are usually two or more years behind when they
are in school, the drop out rate is 45% compared to 29% for the
One-third of parents interviewed by the National Child Labor
Committee had children working with them in the fields; half of
these have incomes below the poverty level.(2)
Young children work along side their parents, and often a whole
family will work and receive one wage, under one social security
number. This way the grower can report the wage as if they are
following regulations, and get the labor of three or four for the
price of one.(5)
According to the National Child Labor Committee, which has no
interest in recording actual figures, in one year there are 1
million child labor violations. In 1990 the average penalty was a
whopping fee of $212 per violation. MIM is not surprised that
offenders get off so lightly.
A study of migrant children working in western New York found that
40% of the children interviewed had worked while crops were still
wet and 40% had been in the field while crops were being sprayed.
From 1979 to 1983 approximately 23,800 children were injured on
farms and 300 died from these injuries(2).
The cancer rate in and around farm worker communities is above the
national average. In Earlimart, Calif., children are afflicted at
twelve times the expected rate.(1) The Environmental Protection
Agency estimates that farm workers suffer 300,000 acute illness
and injuries from being exposed to pesticides alone.(2)
A farm worker in Merced County California stays up all night
shaking and quivering, the fluid in his lungs make it difficult to
breath. He has Parkinsons disease. A doctor attributes the disease
to spraying Paraquat and Guthion in an almond orchard. At a
workmans compensation trial seven doctors testified, four
supporting his claim and three for the insurance companies that
fought his claim. He lost the case.(5)
Farm workers are treated as subhuman labor devices. Growers and
farm labor contractors keep the crews downpressed in every way
they can. A 71-year-old man tells of how a group of Mexicans were
contracted by the government to work in the United States: "Back
then  a man from the government came and was charging 80
pesos, and he would tell us where to go if we wanted to be
contracted for work.... People would sleep there so they could be
there when they were called. Nothing but workers. All of us bald.
They shaved our heads, our armpits, everywhere. They thought we
had fleas. They disinfected us.... They made us go into a huge
shower stall, all of us naked. The steam coming out of the tube
was really hot....There were 60 of us locked in.... And right when
all of us were drenched in perspiration, they turned ice cold
water on us. There was no place to hide. Before we knew what was
happening we were on the train the next day for Texas."
The worker concludes: "I'll tell you one thing, thanks to the
Mexican people, this country has been able to maintain and expand
its wealth and its standard of living. But we haven't. We can't
pass a certain point of living."(5)
1. Toxics Race and Class: The Poisoning of Communities, SouthWest
Organizing project, 1991
2. Government Accounting Office, Hired Farmworkers, February 1992
3. Department of Health Services, California Occupational Health
Program, Press Release, May 1991
4. Noticiero, California Rural Legal Assistance, Winter 1992.
5. The Sacramento Bee, Special Report, "Fields of Pain" 12/8-