This is an archive of the former website of the Maoist Internationalist Movement, which was run by the now defunct Maoist Internationalist Party - Amerika. The MIM now consists of many independent cells, many of which have their own indendendent organs both online and off. MIM(Prisons) serves these documents as a service to and reference for the anti-imperialist movement worldwide.
Maoist Internationalist Movement

The following articles are missing from the electronic edition: 
"Pigs target Latin Kings" "Power without Drug Money" 
"Yugoslavia: Who profits?" and "Under Lock and Key".
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  MIM Notes 69			OCTOBER,  1992 

MIM Notes speaks to and from the viewpoint of the 
world's oppressed majority, and against the 
imperialist-patriarchy. Pick it up and wield it in 
the service of the people. support it, struggle 
with it and write for it.


The Maoist Internationalist Movement (MIM) is a 
revolutionary communist party that upholds 
Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, comprising the collection 
of existing or emerging Maoist internationalist 
parties in the English-speaking imperialist 
countries and their English-speaking internal 
semi-colonies, as well as the existing or emerging 
Spanish-speaking Maoist internationalist parties 
of Aztlan, Puerto Rico and other territories of 
the U.S. Empire. MIM Notes is the newspaper of 
MIM. Notas Rojas is the newspaper of the Spanish-
speaking parties or emerging parties of MIM.
MIM is an internationalist organization that works 
from the vantage point of the Third World 
proletariat; thus, its members are not Amerikans, 
but world citizens.

MIM struggles to end the oppression of all groups 
over other groups: classes, genders, nations.  MIM 
knows this is only possible by building public
opinion to seize power through armed struggle.
Revolution is a reality for North America as the 
military becomes over-extended in the government's 
attempts to maintain world hegemony.

MIM differs from other communist parties on three 
main questions: (1) MIM holds that after the 
proletariat seizes power in socialist revolution, 
the potential exists for capitalist restoration 
under the leadership of a new bourgeoisie within 
the communist party itself. In the case of the 
USSR, the bourgeoisie seized power after the death 
of Stalin in 1953; in China, it was after Mao's 
death and the overthrow of the "Gang of Four" in 
1976. (2) MIM upholds the Chinese Cultural 
Revolution as the farthest advance of communism in 
human history. (3) MIM believes the North American 
white-working-class is primarily a non-
revolutionary worker-elite at this time; thus, it 
is not the principal vehicle to advance Maoism in 
this country.

MIM accepts people as members who agree on these 
basic principles and accept democratic centralism, 
the system of majority rule, on other questions of 
party line.

"The theory of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin is 
universally applicable. We should regard it not as 
dogma, but as a guide to action. Studying it is 
not merely a matter of learning terms and phrases, 
but of learning Marxism-Leninism as the science of 
-- Mao Zedong, Selected Works, Vol. II, p. 208

* * *


October 1992 is a special anniversary in the epoch of imperialism. Communists, 
anarchists, revolutionary nationalists, liberals and environmentalists have 
turned the occasion of Christopher Columbus' "discovery" of Amerika into an 
opportunity to celebrate the 500 years of resistance of indigenous people and 
other oppressed nations within Amerika to colonization and conquest.

MIM spoke with indigenous leaders of this movement, and in this special issue of 
MIM Notes we present our analysis and critique of the 500 Years movement.

To understand the revolutionary potential of the indigenous peoples of the 
Amerikas, one must remember the backbone of the Maoist Peruvian revolution-led by 
the indigenous population of the Andes.

Now more than ever, after the capture of Comrade Gonzalo-Chairperson of the 
Communist Party of Peru-the bourgeois media will bombard us with lies and 
distortions about this hemisphere's shining star. And communists must respond 
vigilantly, building the independent power of the oppressed through independent, 
revolutionary media.

* * *



Dear MIM,

I'm a 45 year old "white" Vietnam vet who's been a communist since I became 
enlightened [Ho Chi Minh means "He who enlightens"] by the Vietnam experience. I 
know what the real deal is, ITAL I've known for 20 years. END

Basically, I like MIM Notes and MIM ideology. My problem is after reading your 
paper every month I have this feeling of "guilt" because I am white. It's almost 
like MIM Notes goes out of its way to alienate white revolutionaries.

I'm not a racist and never was and I probably was reading the ITAL Little Red 
Book END [Quotations From Chairman Mao] before a lot of your readers were born. 
So please realize that there are a lot of us "white folks" that hate this system 
too and patiently await its demise. Another point worth mentioning. There are 
minority defenders of the present system too. Does Jesse Jackson ring a bell? 
Mayor Bradley of L.A.?

I had to write this letter because I felt cast off and discounted. Not to mention 
pissed off! So please MIM, start taking a broader, more open-minded view or you 
will lose a lot of much needed solidarity and continued support. Please do print 
this letter.

In Solidarity,

Comrade in the East

July 1992

MC67 responds: MIM appreciates you taking the time to write to us and share your 
thoughts. As far as alienating white people, we seek to accurately analyze the 
material reality of Third World people and the oppressed nationalities in 
Amerika. Anything short of this would make us extreme opportunists, trying a 
develop the largest social base possible. It is understandable to feel alienated 
from our analysis since reality of oppression is a tough thing to swallow.

However, if MIM watered down its politics in order to have the broadest movement 
in this country, MIM would be entirely removed from the harsh reality for the 
oppressed people of the world. This is what Mao meant by the phrase, "political 
line is decisive."

MIM says that Amerika is a settler state, an empire patched together by the 
enslavement of Africans, the genocide of indigenous people, and the land conquest 
from Latinos in the Southwest. At the turn of the century, Amerika evolved into 
an imperialist country in order to expand beyond the Cotton Belt, the Industrial 
North and the Western frontier. This expansion devastated hundreds of millions of 
Third World people with the gains trickling down to the Euro-Amerikan middle 
class in the United States. That is, the super-exploitation of the Third World 
has virtually eliminated the Euro-Amerikan proletariat.

For this reason, MIM's social base is oppressed nationalities, students and 
youth, prisoners and the Third World proletariat. As a group, the Euro-Amerikan 
white working class allies with imperialism, not with the international 

This doesn't mean there won't be any individual white revolutionaries in Amerika. 
Part of MIM's work involves breaking the revolutionaries in this group off from 
their imperialist group interests and into revolutionary work.

We agree that there are people like Clarence Thomas (or Anita Hill for that 
matter) and Mayor Bradley who represent the Amerikan empire. But the existence of 
individual revolutionaries in the white nation and individual sell-out compradors 
in the oppressed nations does not mean that these nations are not divided as 
groups of oppressors and oppressed. Individual Blacks may be allowed on the 
Supreme Court, but Blacks as a whole are still dying in the inner cities at the 
hands of government-perpetuated violence while most white people sit by and 
support the government.

MIM doesn't exclude anyone from membership based on "race." Our criteria is that 
you agree with our political line, and while it is not in the material interest 
of white people, many white people do work with MIM. Guilt has nothing to do with 
material analysis, and MIM does not "go out of its way" to make Euro-Amerikans 
feel guilty.

MIM does wonder why, if you hate this system, you are "patiently awaiting its 
demise"? Waiting amounts to supporting the status quo of imperialism. Take action 
and fight the system.

We urge you to stop feeling guilty or like a racist, join MIM and start working 
from the vantage point of the Third World proletariat to destroy the Amerikan 
empire. There will be many more Vietnams to come. For more information on the 
white working class, we suggest you purchase MIM Theory 1, "A White Proletariat?" 
for $3.00. It provides a thorough analysis of why MIM thinks the white working 
class is a reactionary labor aristocracy.


Dear MIM,

I am very disappointed to see that the Maoist party did not have a candidate for 
U.S. president. Now that Ross Perot is out, it is a good chance to do so. From 
your article, it seems you lack travel funds, needless to say the funds for a 
presidency campaign. Is that so? I am strongly against the monetary involvement 
of political campaigns.

The following things peeve me:

1) The wealthy physicians control the U.S. policy. For example, foreign 
physicians are not permitted to perform in the United States.

2) Communists are not allowed to enter the United States. This is a blatant 
discrimination on the basis of political belief. I have observed other ridiculous 
things in the United States, but I have not had my thoughts organized yet.

Good luck.

-Chinese student

MC17 responds: In this country it is not an effective strategy to run 
presidential candidates as this only tells the masses that this political system 
has some legitimacy even though we know we have no chance to win in bourgeois 

The problems that this writer points out, and many more, make up a political 
system in this country that does not deserve the legitimacy it would be given by 
a Maoist party running for president. But MIM thanks the writer for the well 
wishes as we work towards the day that Maoists will not be missed in the 
elections, the day when the masses run the country.


Dear MIM,

Do you know what Sendero Luminoso is? It is not a revolution, but a Pol Pot style 
butchery, whose first victims are the poor villagers in the mountains and whose 
main contribution is to protect the narcos-from whom it gets the financing.

It is really a sad aspect of mankind that it can develop cruelty and barbarism to 
almost any limit, but I must confess to be especially shocked when people from 
quiet-or relatively quiet-countries applaud things like that, as far as other 
people get killed.

Some ancient Romans fed their sea-eels with slaves, we look at death executions 
by TV or even support Sendero Luminoso.

MC17 responds: MIM is glad to be given this opportunity to respond to the common 
media slander against the Peruvian Communist Party (PCP) commonly referred to as 
Sendero Luminoso.

The author represents misconceptions about Pol Pot while trying to condemn the 
PCP. MIM maintains that the Khmer Rouge was a better alternative to existing 
conditions in Cambodia when Pol Pot came to power. Pol Pot was not a Maoist, 
demonstrated by his practice and by his own admission. So MIM will not condemn 
Pol Pot in an attempt to refute this writer, but does hope to clarify the 
historical record. (For more information on this subject send for MIM's 
literature on Pol Pot).

That said, the PCP is a Maoist party, fighting for the liberation of Peru from 
the imperialist puppets of the United States led by Fujimori. Their base of 
support is found in the impoverished peasantry of the primarily agricultural 

The PCP does protect the peasants who grow the Coca leaf, but this is protection 
from the "narcos" not protection of them. Unfortunately, coca is the only crop 
many Peruvian peasants can grow for which there is a market-without this crop the 
peasants would starve.

Even with the coca crop, many peasants live in near-starvation conditions because 
the drug runners, working for Columbian traffickers, who buy the coca leaf, cheat 
and steal from the peasants, paying less than enough for subsistence. The PCP 
gives protection to the Coca farmers, requiring the drug runners to pay a higher 
price to the peasants.

Contrary to popular myth, the PCP does not harass or intimidate the masses in 
Peru. They operate by three cardinal rules and eight commandments. The cardinal 
rules are:

1. Obey orders
2. Take from the masses neither a single needle nor a piece of string
3. Turn over everything which is captured.

The commandments are:
1. Speak courteously
2. Pay an honest price for everything purchased
3. Return everything borrowed
4. Give compensation for anything broken or destroyed
5. Do not hit or injure people
6. Do not take farm produce
7. Do not abuse women
8. Do not mistreat prisoners. [ITAL Shining Path of Peru, END David Scott Palmer, 
ed., St. Martins Press, NY, p. 110]

The PCP likely does receive money from its work with the coca growers, both from 
taxes on the masses and on the drug runners. This system benefits the coca 
farmers who receive a higher price (even including the PCP tax) and protection 
from the government and drug runner's violence, and it benefits the revolutionary 
efforts of the masses by helping to finance the struggle.

The writer is shocked when people from "quiet countries" support movements like 
the PCP. Clearly this writer does not know that the majority of the deaths in 
Peru are a direct result of the murderous policies of the Peruvian government and 
military's systematic oppression and killings of the masses-supported with money, 
equipment and training from the "quiet" United States. The U.S. government is 
compliant with more murder in Peru than has ever been committed by the PCP-that 
is what a "relatively quiet" country can accomplish by quietly funding death 
squads with a documented history of abuse and murder of the masses.

The PCP is waging a war to overthrow this system of oppression with the support 
of the Peruvian masses who are daily massacred by the Peruvian government. The 
lies of the U.S. media, fed by the U.S. government, perpetuate the beliefs that 
this writer and many others hold that the PCP is just a drug running, murdering 
group of crazies. MIM works to expose these lies in support of the legitimate 
aspiration of liberation for the oppressed masses world wide.

For more information and documentation about the PCP send $15 to MIM for the Peru 
Study Pack, or $3 for our Peru pamphlet.



People seem to be getting used to horror stories. Somalia doesn't make us all 
that sick. "The poor shall always be with you." Who taught me that? That 
statement is one that was handed down; now, I question, to what purpose? Poverty 
could easily be eradicated; all we'd have to do would be to eradicate greed! 

Watching African Americans is particularly disheartening. I identify myself as 
one, however, unlike others in this multi-ethnic country (na-na-na-na-na-nahhh!) 
I fall into a state of confusion when I think about my cultural heritage. In my 
late twenties I was satisfied to deny all the other ethnic parts of my heritage 
and simplify things by being African American only. But ... now that I've 
matured, I see in myself other cultures-I love the sound of chanting. I go into a 
deep reverie. Is this African? Every now and then I shave the sides of my head 
and wear a mohawk-type hairstyle and look for feathers to put in my hair. Is this 
Indian? I love intensely the creativity involved in city structures and sterile 
work places. Is this European?

Watching the festivals come and go through the years and attending many-I cannot 
find a sense of belonging, of acceptance. I can identify with them but being 
accepted by those cultures is quite another experience. So-back to being African 
American, not African, not All-American. African American, but just what is it? I 
don't speak any cultural dialect, unless "street slang" could be considered a 
dialect, or maybe that "political jargon" could be considered a dialect. English 
only. That thoroughly American English, you know, they can't tell I "Black" on 
the phone.

I have for the sake of my children picked a culture for us-made up from the 
diversity of our ancestry-so they won't feel the pain of this "identity crisis." 
But ... what about their peers, you know, my peer's children?

By pushing us into economic distress we are being manipulated into a self-
destruct mode; not the youth, but the adults. We are struggling so hard trying to 
get our basic needs met that we find it difficult to take the time out to join 
hands in a collective effort. Without the collective effort we will continue to 
fall victim to this ingenious and divisive program of self-destruction. The 
program is so subtle that most of us see it only on the brink of death. Our slow 
death; a struggle against ALL the odds. That's so unfair. But who said life on 
this planet was fair? Who taught me to be fair?

The Big Joke is on us all. After the African Americans are reduced to a minor 
force-like the American Indians were-do you think this country will tolerate the 
Asians? The Latin peoples? There goes that "greed" element. Its really much 
simpler than that. History tells us exactly why and for whom this country was 
built. We know who really built and rebuilt this country. It was perfect as it 
was-the Indians had built it and it was paradise. The whites called the Indians 
Savage, but they were wrong. The Indians maintained the place and the whites have 
all but destroyed it. So who is the real Savage?

Some time ago I wondered which way was better; especially looking at the high-
rise buildings of major cities. Now I notice that all the white cement reflects 
an uncomfortable amount of light-but where there are trees my sight is more 
comfortable. Is this the Ozone Problem?

Yes, living in harmony with the earth-taking only what is needed-eliminating 
"greed" like the "Savages" of the old days-was a much better and more 
sophisticated manner of living than the use-it-all-up practices of the white man.

But the worst part is the unconcerned masses of people. People who are so used to 
suffering that it becomes a naturally accepted part of daily life. How did 
India's Calcutta sink to such a state?


MC86 responds:

Thank you for writing your thoughts on the 500 Years of Oppression and Resistance 
that bring us to 1992. What you call "greed" is not something that we are born 
with. It is learned. Human beings have been around for about 3 million years and 
the next few decades will be decisive as to how much longer we will be around.

When we consider that private property has only been around for about 6,000 
years-not to mention all the changes the "family structure" has been through-we 
have a solid hope to eliminate private property and the emotion of "greed" that 
accompanies it: before the Ozone fries us all.

Owning our history as oppressed people is a step toward taking history back from 
the white man's text books and television lies. This is not easy. Getting clear 
on who we really are; how we got to be oppressed; and what our real links are 
with the people of Calcutta are steps toward seeing the world as it really is: a 
mean, nasty, capitalist garbage-heap which the masses are trying to clean up with 
the shovel of revolution. We can't go back; but we can move forward. The lessons 
of the future are the lessons of socialist construction.

* * *


On Aug. 31 armed white supremacist Randy Weaver was gently escorted on a 
stretcher away from his wilderness hideaway near Naples, Idaho by more than 100 
federal, state and local pigs-and the Idaho National Guard. Despite the fact that 
this gun-running Amerikan Nazi shot and killed a U.S. Marshal in a 10-day fire 
fight, the pigs allowed visitors to deliver food and other supplies to Weaver's 
fort while they pleaded and prayed with him.

A group of 300 armed Weaver supporters were allowed to camp near the cabin during 
the stand-off, shouting anti-Semitic and racist slogans.

The Amerikan press covered the story extensively and painted Weaver as a hardy, 
he-man individualist of the old-time settler variety.

Contrast this treatment with the extermination of the Philadelphia MOVE in 1985. 
Because the Africa family refused to submit to forced assimilation by the white 
oppressor nation, six adults and five children were mercilessly sprayed with tens 
of thousands of bullets and high-powered fire-hoses-which were turned off in time 
for a helicopter to drop a high-tech incendiary bomb on the house. Children 
fleeing the flames were cut to pieces by police weapons. The fire was allowed to 
rage and burn down several city blocks where Black people lived. The sole adult 
survivor, Ramona Africa, was imprisoned for living through the holocaust.

Millions of white Amerikan potato-heads peacefully watched the execution of MOVE 
on television and approved the result. For this and a billion other crimes, MIM 
observes that Weaver's Amerika has been sentenced to death by the international 


* * *


The study below was recently released by the Urban Institute. It followed people 
in five income categories (quintiles) from 1977 to 1986. It concludes that most 
Amerikans do not necessarily remain in the lower income categories for life, but 
that they consistently gain in income over their lifetimes. Those who claim that 
the Amerikan Worker is falling through economic cracks should honestly examine 
this study. It sheds some light on the outrageous affluence of Amerikans which 
springs not from their own labor-but from the labor of Third World peoples.

1977           1977            1986      Percent

Quintile       income          income    Gain

Bottom        $15,853         $27,998    77%
Second         31,340          43,041    37
Third          43,297          51,796    20
Fourth         57,486          63,314    10
Top            92,531          97,140     5
All           $48,101         $56,658    18%

This study does not reflect the total United States population, but it does 
reflect a "representative" adult sample, ages 25-54, and demonstrates a trend for 
groups drawn from the quintiles. The dollar amounts are average family incomes in 
1991 dollars. Typically these types of studies are of whites. From this it is 
possible to conclude that despite some lay-offs and job-sector shifts the groups 
represented in the sample are doing quite well-as the Third World starves to 


 * * *


"The Bush administration has quietly asserted that it has the power to declare 
any Indian tribe in the nation extinct, even if the tribe has been recognized by 
a congressionally ratified treaty.

"The new policy is stated deep in the text of a Bureau of Indian Affairs decision 
last month denying recognition to the Miami tribe of Indiana...

"At stake is not just the legal status of hundreds of tribes but their claims to 
land, benefits and fishing rights and their rights to tax and regulate businesses 
that operate on their land."(1)


Notes: Associated Press 8/92.

* * *


"The universal dollar sign ($) can be attributed to the mission of Columbus. It 
was a symbol imprinted on all Spanish treasures coming from the Spanish-American 
colonies. It represented the "S" for Spain, and the two vertical crossing bars // 
for the gold and silver treasures that were claimed by Spain."(1)

"What Columbus did to the Arawaks of the Bahamas, Cortez did to the Incas of 
Peru, and the English settlers of Virginia did to the Powhatans and the 

"After the land of the North & South Amerikan continents (Abya-Yala) was returned 
to the 1,000 indigenous nations, the white settler population labored for 500 
years to pay reparations to all the self-liberated Third World peoples. Later 
they became good communists."(3)


1. Newsletter of the Louisiana Quincentennial Commission.
2. Howard Zinn, ITAL A People's History of the United States. END
3. The World Revolution on Earth, Year 1129.

* * *


"United States officials refused to say whether American intelligence or military 
personnel were in any way involved in the events that led to Mr. Guzman [ a.k.a. 
Comrade Gonzalo]'s arrest.

"Representative Robert G. Torricelli, chairman of the House Subcommittee on 
Western Hemisphere Affairs, said it was 'certainly possible' that the United 
States had provided some intelligence assistance in the operation, although 
military aid to Peru was suspended last spring."(1)

The above is known in the "intelligence community" (i.e., the covert war 
criminals' golf courses and smoke-free rooms) as a "non-denial denial." In other 
words, the unnamed officials are trying to grab some credit for jailing Gonzalo, 
but want to avoid blame if the Communist Party of Peru's People's War exacts an 
embarrassing revenge. For these statements and more, MIM believes there are 
covert operations underway in Peru.

The Village Voice reports that ex-Green Beret Major Richard Meadows "[c]urrently 
runs a 'private security consulting' firm in Peru, according to a spokesperson at 
the U.S. Embassy there. The spokesperson, Lieutenant Colonel John Winn, said he 
couldn't remember the company's name but was certain it had no government 
connections.  He then offered to pass a request for a press interview to Meadows. 
Meadows did not respond." Unfortunately, the Voice reporter apparently did not 
demand to know why Winn had access to Meadows, but not to the name of Meadows' 

Meadows has a history of involvement in covert operations. Despite Winn's denial, 
Meadows' presence in Peru may indicate that, in addition to overt U.S. military 
aid to Peru, CIA-sponsored covert operations against the PCP are ongoing and/or 
in the works.

The Voice article focuses on Meadows' anti-drug work for H. Ross Perot in 1981-
work which circumvented international neutrality agreements. But the Voice also 
points out that "Meadows' background in fact is better suited to counter-terror 
(sic) operations than police work. During the mid-1960s, he had helped General 
John K. Singlaub set up cross-border commando raids in Indochina. Years later, 
shortly before leaving the army and joining Perot, he sneaked into Iran on a one-
man spy mission to lay the groundwork for Jimmy Carter's abortive Desert One 
hostage rescue attempt."(2)

Retired U.S. Major General "Singlaub's life-long military specialty has been 
unconventional warfare, which he defines as 'low-intensity operations such as 
sabotage, terrorism, assassination, and guerrilla warfare,' and non-military 
activities such as psychological warfare, economic sabotage, and disinformation." 
His biography reads like a survey of Amerikan war crimes.

From 1966 to 1968, the period during which Meadows was helping Singlaub and 
Amerika slaughter Asians, Singlaub headed the Studies and Observations Group 
(SOG) in Vietnam. SOG, which had members from all branches of Amerika's military, 
ran "counter-terrorist" missions into North Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.

In 1980, Singlaub "supplied Guatemalan and Salvadoran armed forces with counter-
terrorist (sic) training."(3)

In 1981, Singlaub formed the US Council for World Freedom (USCWF), the US chapter 
of the World Anti-Communist League (WACL).(3,4) The organization now known as 
WACL, which was founded in 1954 by a group of Southeast Asian drug lords, went 
international in 1966 thanks to China's KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek, south Korean 
politician Park Chung Hee, two right-wing Japanese gangsters, and Reverend Sun 
Myung Moon. Former CIA officers say the CIA provided seed money for WACL.(4) 
Singlaub later went on to chair WACL.(3)

From his position in USCWF and WACL, Singlaub "enlisted paramilitary groups, 
foreign governments, and American conservatives in the contra cause. WACL 
fundraising events ... helped to [covertly] provide the contras with weapons, 
money, and training. The WACL organization's membership includes Latin American 
dictators, death squad leaders, and neo-fascists."(3) Notorious death squad 
leaders Mario Sandoval Alarcon of Guatemala and Roberto D'Aubuisson of El 
Salvador trained at the WACL military academy in Taiwan.(4)


1. New York Times 9/14/92, p. 8.
2. Village Voice 6/9/92, p 25.
3. Iran-Contra Scandal Trading Card #7, Paul Brancato, 1988, Eclipse Enterprises, 
P.O. Box 1099, Forestville, CA 95436.
4. Drug Wars Trading Card #20, 1991, Paul Brancato and Bob Callahan, Eclipse 

* * *


Germany has seen a surge in fascist attacks on foreigners that has made headlines 
in the past month. The daily right-wing Nazi assaults are a response to Germany's 
influx of immigrants over the past year.

The Christian Democrats, led by Chancellor Helmut Kohl, have concluded that the 
best way to reduce these attacks is to give in to their demands and implement 
drastic restrictions on Germany's asylum laws.

The Social Democrats, who control much of the German parliament, are divided on 
how to deal with the fascism, with many indicating support for stricter 
immigrants laws.(1)

MIM sees some parallels between Germany and the immigration situation in the 
United States. The majority of white Amerika supports Amerika's strict 
immigration laws against Third World people (the laws are much more lenient for 
most First Worlders). Keeping the borders closed keeps the wages in Amerika from 
dropping to the level of wages in Latin America and other countries from which 
many immigrants would flood this country if given the chance.White Amerikans know 
they need closed borders to keep their jobs and their inflated wages.

If Amerika was suddenly forced to open its borders MIM expects we would see a 
similar rise in overt fascist attacks on immigrants. The attacks in Germany have 
been concentrated in Germany's economically depressed eastern region. These 
Germans are the ones most endangered by the immigrants-similar to poor white 
workers in this country who made up the bulk of David Duke's support in 

As internationalists, MIM rejects borders and will never support any immigration 
laws. Amerika was stolen from the oppressed nations who are now being kept out or 
kept on reservations.

MIM is not surprised to see some of the Social Democrats supporting fascist 
immigration policies. Social Democrats have historically contributed to the 
development of fascism by seeking to strengthen the bond between working class 
and bourgeoisie in imperialist countries. Real internationalists-Maoists-will 
never reject the oppressed to help the fascists in their own country.


Notes: Associated Press, 9/10/92.

* * *


by MC31

On Sept. 7 South African president F.W. de Klerk's puppet troops killed 28 
Communist and ANC protesters who were peacefully marching against the apartheid 
lackey Brigadier Oupa Gqozo in the Black "homeland" of Ciskei.(1) De Klerk's 
response to the massacre was to dispatch more national troops to "keep the 
peace," protect industrial sites, and prevent looting after dark.(2)

Most of the rest of the world and the Azanians themselves do not recognize Ciskei 
as autonomous as is proclaimed by the government, and regard it as an apartheid 
creation designed to quarter off Blacks and import them into South Afrika only as 
needed for labor. The ANC has targeted Gqozo as one of the more brutal homeland 

Jointly sponsored by the African National Congress (ANC) and the South African 
Communist Party (SACP), the march to Ciskei was planned in the face of promises 
from the homeland's military rulers to use military might against the protesters, 
if they disobeyed their conditions for the march.

The stipulations included a court-order that the marchers stop before reaching 
the capital city Bisho, remain for less than five hours, and carry no arms. The 
ANC rejected these conditions and voted to go ahead with the march as they 
planned, despite open threats of violent retaliation in plain view of the 
international press which covered the event.(2) But "international outcry" has 
proven in the past to be little match for a decaying fascist state in a desperate 
stage of decline.

And as promised, hundreds, possibly thousands, of troops stood ready to open fire 
as the protesters neared the end of their 90- minute march. The ANC and SACP 
accuse Gqozo of persecuting anti-apartheid activists and "imposing a reign of 
terror" on activists.(1)

Much of the Western world condemned the killings as an outrageous example of the 
evils of apartheid. Governments of other imperialist nations believe that because 
the contradictions under apartheid are so stark that the world will perhaps 
ignore the atrocities that are committed by all imperialist governments which 
exploit and attempt to destroy the power of the people. The Australian foreign 
minister was appalled because this was a "deliberate and calculated" massacre,(4) 
as if the reign of imperialism was not a deliberate and calculated method of 
super-exploitation and oppression.

The ANC has been mounting stronger mass actions and campaigns against the 
reactionary apartheid system since rejecting constitutional talks in June. The 
ANC had originally intended to negotiate with the government, but after the mid-
June Boipatong massacre of ANC members that left 46 people dead, talks with the 
apartheid regime were halted.

While the Azanian masses call for guns,(5) Mandela and the ANC leadership are 
still reluctant to condemn de Klerk completely and the sham negotiations that 
leave the Black masses worse off than before.

But Mandela did angrily charge that while de Klerk claimed the government was 
willing to consider real change through negotiation, he was in fact preparing for 
war against the people. "We are dealing with criminals ... They want to drown 
this country in blood. You are entitled to defend yourselves, but we appeal to 
you to conduct your struggle within peaceful structures."(6) Mandela's appeal for 
peace, in the face of government brutality, is also criminal.

MIM believes the both Communist Party and the ANC should accept the fact that in 
is not in white interests to "negotiate" their dominion away to the masses who 
will strip them of their power and privilege. Both the ANC and the SACP should 
also face the responsibility for their mistakes and misleadership, including 
peaceful, non-violent marches onto the battlefield which puts the masses in 
dangerous positions of powerlessness.

It is counter-revolutionary to believe in and work toward negotiations with white 
imperialist pigs who will never voluntarily give up. The Azanian people know that 
their lives will not improve until not only white minority rule, but also all 
imperialist terror, is overthrown. If the recognized leadership of the ANC 
continues to entertain notions of negotiations with a government that will never 
do more than throw out a few crumbs of concessions to the Black masses, then the 
people must make the choice to organize for revolution and take control of their 
resources and their lives.

1. The Washington Post 9/8/92, p. A1.
2. Proprietary to United Press International 9/8/92.
3. The Toronto Star 9/8/92, p. A1.
4. Agence France Presse 9/8/92.
5. The Economist 6/27/92, p. 44.
6. The Washington Post 9/9/92, p. A23.

* * *


by MC12

The imperialist media called it a "stunning blow" to the revolution in Peru. 
Peruvian storm troopers arrested Comrade Gonzalo, the chairperson of the 
Communist Party of Peru (PCP)-also know as Sendero Luminoso or Shining Path-and 
other party leaders.(1) The PCP is the most powerful Maoist party in the world 
today, controlling more than half of Peru, and closing in on Lima and other 
cities in preparation for a final seizure of power by the people.

A movement destroyed by the death or imprisonment of one person or a small number 
of leaders is not yet a revolution. The people of Peru have demonstrated that 
their revolution, under the leadership of the PCP, has advanced well beyond this 
point. The revolution has been, and remains, in the hands of the people 
themselves. That's why it is called a People's War.

The same old lies

The occasion of Gonzalo's arrest was another opportunity to spread the same old 
lies about the PCP and the Peruvian revolution.

UPI noted that the PCP has "been blamed for more than 27,000 deaths and property 
damage estimated at $21 billion, equal to the foreign debt of this poor South 
American nation."(2) The bourgeois press is not compelled to report that the vast 
majority of those deaths were at the hands of the government and its "civilian 
militias," whose desperate fight to stem the tide of the people requires 
indiscriminate mass killing and the worst atrocities. Likewise, these misleaders 
insist, if only the revolutionaries would lay off the violence and destruction, 
Peru probably wouldn't even have a foreign debt right now. One need only look at 
any other underdeveloped Third World country to see the stupidity of this 
equation. (For a more complete review, order MIM's hefty Peru Study Pack for $15 

While describing the course of the revolution as a "Path of Terror," the New York 
Times does in the last paragraph of four stories on the arrest note that "Among 
the human rights abuses attributed to the Peruvian authorities in recent years 
are sporadic mass killings in Indian communities and torture in prisons."(3)

MIM has explained previously that the majority of PCP members are from indigenous 
communities, who in this 500th year anniversary of the invasion of these 
continents are leading the way in the struggle out of the cesspool of 

The arrest of Comrade Gonzalo and the other leaders, and their possible trial and 
execution, are setbacks for the People's War in Peru. But the revolution has 
survived many harder tests in its long growth and development. The people of Peru 
have come too far to see their movement destroyed by the arrest of even these 
important leaders.

1. New York Times 9/14/92, p. A1.
2. UPI wire 9/13/92.
3. NYT 9/14/92 p. A8.

* * *


by MC251

October 12, 1992 marks 500 years since the start of the European invasion of this 
hemisphere. The imperialist governments of Europe and the colonial settler 
governments on this continent are pouring millions of dollars and much hype into 
celebrations on this happy date for oppressor nations.

Because of this, representatives from indigenous nations have begun organizing at 
an unprecedented level to oppose the celebration of the genocide of their nations 
and peoples. This fledgling unity among indigenous nations of the hemisphere has 
resulted in two hemispheric conferences of indigenous peoples, one in Ecuador and 
one in Guatemala last year. According to Chief Billy Tayac of the Piscataway 
Nation, this is the first time in history that representatives of indigenous 
nations throughout the hemisphere have met to coordinate resistance to colonial 
settler domination.

Within Amerika, a new organization has formed to promote this unity among 
indigenous nations, called the League of Indigenous Sovereign Nations (LISN). 
According to LISN spokesperson Dacajewiah, "the long range objective of the 
League is to establish a hemispheric congress to develop a constitution wherein 
the traditional people of all native lands and native nations would govern 
ourselves according to our original forms of government-our own social, economic 
and political ways."(1)

MIM shares the analysis with LISN that indigenous people are not Amerikan 
citizens, but belong to independent indigenous nations with the right to self-
determination. To MIM, this insight is fundamental to properly understanding the 
struggle of indigenous peoples.

To achieve true liberation, indigenous people don't need a few civil rights or 
charity programs from the same Amerikan settlers that have oppressed them for 500 
years. Indigenous nations suffer oppression from the colonial settler Amerikan 
nation, which was built through the conquest of entire indigenous populations.

MIM also sees that it is not just the Amerikan ruling elites which benefits from 
their oppression of indigenous nations. Rather, throughout the history of 
Amerika, it has been the vast majority of Amerikan citizens, often led by the 
white working class, who have vehemently fought to run indigenous nations out of 
existence with the building of the vast Amerikan settler empire. [For a thorough 
historical account of the making of Amerika, order ITAL Settlers: The Mythology 
of the White Proletariat END by J. Sakai, available from MIM for $10]

From the understanding that indigenous people are oppressed nations comes the 
understanding that to achieve liberation, there needs to be a struggle for 
national liberation. LISN appears to recognize this; in an interview, Chief Tayac 
of the Piscataway Nation expressed agreement with MIM's line that the principal 
contradiction in the world today is between oppressor and oppressed nations. 

Another LISN spokesperson, Dacajewiah, refers to their struggle as one, "to 
maintain our land. It is a struggle to maintain control and to redevelop our 
means of economic self-sufficiency."(2) He also refers to their struggle as one 
against " ... the international and domestic domination by the U.S. imperialist 
corporate structure," and he calls on indigenous peoples to "unite ourselves and 
identify the nature of U.S. colonialism as it affects the indigenous nations 
throughout the hemisphere and support the right of indigenous people to resist 
the decimation of their lands."(1)

MIM has a high level of unity with these statements. They recognize Amerikan 
imperialism inside and outside Amerika's borders. They identify land and 
territory as central to the struggle for national liberation, and call for 
economic self-sufficiency.

LISN is attempting to gain a voting seat in the United Nations as its main 
campaign. Currently, the International Indian Treaty Council is granted Non-
Governmental Organization status by the U.N., but indigenous people have no 
voting seat. LISN believes that the struggle against U.S. imperialism for the 
liberation of indigenous nations will be better served by an indigenous vote in 
the U.N. General Assembly.

U.N.: "Voice of mankind" or prop of imperialism?

MIM supports LISN's long-range goals of getting rid of the neo-colonial tribal 
councils governing reservations, and of creating economic and political self-
sufficiency for indigenous nations. However, the short-term goal of trying to get 
a voting seat in the U.N. is inconsistent with these long-term goals.

MIM differs with LISN over the basic nature of the U.N. as an institution. 
Underlying LISN's goal of representation in the U.N. is the idea that the U.N. is 
an impartial international body not inherently dominated by imperialist 
interests. Chief Tayac says as much: "Every race of people in the world, 
regardless of who they are-black, white and yellow, have a voice in mankind. We 
don't. We don't have any voice in mankind whatsoever ... We want a voice and we 
want a vote."

But does a voting seat in the U.N. General Assembly equal a voice in humanity? Is 
it the source of indigenous national sovereignty? MIM says no. After the Gulf War 
in 1991 it should be painfully clear that the U.N. serves as an international 
prop for imperialist interests. For the U.N. to maintain any credibility, 
oppressed nations are allowed to speak out a little bit.

Occasionally resolutions are passed condemning various abuses by imperialist 
countries. But even in these cases, the United States can just ignore the U.N. 
and do what it wants anyway, as it did in Nicaragua during the 1980s even after 
the U.S. counterinsurgency there was condemned by the U.N. World Court. The U.N. 
is a body that imperialist nations can rely on to give credibility to their 
international maneuvers. It is not a body that oppressed nations can count on to 
help end imperialism and bring liberation. To try to convince people otherwise by 
lobbying to be allowed into the U.N. is just leading people down a dead-end road.

While MIM believes that indigenous nations can do much better than gaining one 
seat in the U.N., we support LISN's goals of self-determination and greater unity 
in struggle against imperialism among indigenous peoples. MIM supports LISN's 
call for liberation for indigenous nations, and looks forward to seeing 
revolutionary strategies to achieve that liberation rather than attempts to be 
let into an imperialist-controlled institution.

Notes: Washington Peace Letter 9/92, p. 5.

* * *


by MC12

Many people have chosen the 500 year anniversary of the landing of Cristobal 
Colo'n as an opportunity to denounce the colonial conquest of the peoples and 
lands of these continents. The occasion must also be noted for what it is today: 
a milestone in the ITAL unbroken chain END of Amerikan oppression which stretches 
through half a millennium.

MIM has always emphasized that Amerikan oppression is national oppression-the 
exploitation of nations by a whole nation. Since the first poor whites demanded 
total subjugation of native peoples, and their working class compatriots in 
Europe clamored for cheaper consumer commodities produced by slaves, the 
oppressor nation has, as a whole, feasted on the spoils of genocidal Amerika.

That is why, from the perspective of the oppressed nations, the "left" and 
"right" of Amerikan politics are so hard to tell apart. In the 1600s, white 
farmers led a revolt (Bacon's rebellion) to demand more land-grabbing war on 
native people, and, in Bacon's words, the "utter Ruine and destruction" (sic) of 
all Indians. The event is considered a milestone of "democratic resistance" for 
the Amerikan left.(1)

In the 1700s, the incipient white working class rallied around the Amerikan 
revolution in order to gain more control over the state's tools of repression and 
exploitation, and to develop independent capitalism. Sixty-five thousand slaves 
joined the war on the side of the British, more than 10 times the number who 
fought for settler Amerika-and many more used the crisis as a chance to fight for 
freedom on their own. Most of the Amerikan left maintains that revolution as the 
birth of democracy in Amerika, starting a tradition which must now be remade. The 
oppressed know that the innovation of that era was the reuniting of Amerikan 
nationals against their subjects, the native, Black and other oppressed 

In the 1800s, modern capitalism gave birth to the Amerikan labor movement. Its 
leaders fought for the elevation of white workers, the extension of slavery, and 
the exclusion of oppressed peoples from all spheres of power. When Chinese 
workers struck for better conditions in the West, white workers forced their 
unions to organize boycotts of goods which were not "Made with White Labor Only." 
In 1879, 99% of California white voters voted to ban Chinese immigration, after 
Chinese workers had built the railroads out West and made huge tracts of 
California lands suitable for growing crops.(3)

After the bourgeoisie finally convinced white workers that slavery was an 
infeasible economic system, white workers and their allies took their battles to 
the streets of Northern cities, fighting to keep Black workers (who were often 
driven off what little land they had by white settlers) in the lowest industries, 
jobs and neighborhoods.(4)

White "feminism" further extended the suffering of oppressed nationals, as 
suffragettes argued that if white men didn't give white women the vote, white 
power would be fatally threatened. A Kentucky suffragist leader wrote that the 
National American Women's Suffrage Association "never hesitated to show that the 
White women's vote would give supremacy to the white race."(5) These white 
supremacists decided the suffragette movement would wear white. It was a 
convenient decision: the only thing missing from their day-time wardrobe was the 
white hoods they needed for nighttime cross-burnings and lynchings.

The Amerikan women of the pseudo-feminist movement today pay proud homage to 
their early white supremacist sisters, as they wear white in National 
Organization for Women marches. And the white labor movement leads a massive 
fight to keep their jobs at hundreds of times the wages of Third World workers, 
and keep immigrant competition away. They clamor for war and conquest abroad, and 
for the repression of revolutionary movements among the oppressed in the ghettos, 
barrios and fields within Amerika.

The only revolutionary movement within Amerika since 1492 been the movement of 
oppressed nations against the dominant Amerikan nation. There is no revolutionary 
class or gender struggle separate from this overarching reality. Within the 
revolutionary struggle of the oppressed nations, proletarian and feminist 
struggles propel the movement forward. There can be no revolutionary "working 
class" movement, and no revolutionary "feminist" movement, which does not adopt 
the perspective of the oppressed nations, and fight for their emancipation.

The first test of any revolutionary movement within Amerika remains the same 
today as it was the day Columbus first raped an Arawak woman: does the movement 
fundamentally oppose Amerika and all that it stands for? Or does it merely pose 
left in its quest-deliberate or accidental-for a unified oppressor nation?

1. J. Sakai, ITAL Settlers: The Mythology of the White Proletariat, END 
Morningstar Press, 1983. pp. 12-16.
2. Sakai, p. 19.
3. Sakai, pp. 33-37. George MacNeil, ed., ITAL The Labor Movement: The Problem of 
To-day, END New York: 1892. pp. 446-7.
4. See for example ITAL Race Riot: Chicago in the Red Summer of 1919, END William 
Tuttle, New York: 1980.
5. Paula Giddings, ITAL When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race 
and Sex in America, END New York, 1984. pp. 125-26.

* * *

500 Years Of Resistance To Colonization And Imperialism

by MC86

Throughout the continents called by the Kuna people "Abya-Yala," people are 
celebrating the first 20 days in October with more than 100 events and 
demonstrations dedicated to reaffirming 500 years of mass resistance to 
capitalist might. The burning issues of the movement concern what forms of 
independent power and leadership the revolutionary masses can best use to achieve 
national liberation.

The First Continental Gathering of Indigenous Peoples in Quito, Ecuador in 1990 
set in motion a political rolling stone that has swept through Latin and North 
Amerika-leaving in its wake a heightened debate among grassroots and sectarian 
activists. The common theme of the 500 Years Movement is exposure of the vile 
pirate Cristobal Colo'n's invasion of Haiti in 1492 as the model for 500 years of 
capitalist "development." The common debate is about the most effective way 

Defining victory

Prompted by fear of a massive civil disobedience campaign planned for October 12, 
the government of Spain and the Amerikan Quincentenary Commission cancelled a 
three-ship reenactment of Colon's "discovery" scheduled for San Francisco Bay. 
The C.D. was planned by a coalition of anarchists, communists, Maoists, 
environmentalists, social-democrats and indigenous groups-momentarily united 
around the single issue of disrupting the neo-colonialist pageantry.

A spokesperson for the National Committee to Free Puerto Rican Prisoners (NCFPRP) 
calls the cancellation of the ship's visit "a victory." NCFPRP and the American 
Indian Movement (AIM) are joined in a broad 500 Years coalition sponsoring ITALIC 
The International Tribunal of Indigenous Peoples and Oppressed Nations, END 
October 1-4, as well as numerous cultural events, marches and rallies. The 
Tribunal has prepared a detailed 40-page indictment of Amerikan imperialism to be 
juried by people such as Ramsey Clarke, former Attorney General of the United 

Cultural nationalism vs. sectarianism

According to a spokesperson for the Coordinating Body of Indigenous Organizations 
and Nations of the Continent (CONIC),  indigenous people must "organize around 
their traditional cultures" as a means of resistance. CONIC says it strives to 
provide the "means of communication" for the 39 million indigenous people of 
1,000 nations in Abya-Yala.

CONIC is a typical split from the indigenous-inspired movement that originated in 
Quito, an outgrowth of the antagonism over the "usurpation" of the Quito 
movement's direction by "parties and syndicalists of the [urban] left."(1) The 
CONIC spokesperson told MIM that, "Just because a person has read one book by 
Marx does not mean they know better than us how to achieve our own liberation."

The Kuna Nation in Panama states, "We do not tolerate those non-indigenous 
organizations that want to capitalize on the 500 Years campaign for political 
purposes. They want to use indigenous peoples without understanding and 
recognizing the nature of our struggles ... our continent will be free only when 
all sectors ... are free."(2)

Learning from experience

On December 16 of last year, 20 members of the indigenous community "El Nilo" in 
northern Columbia were "massacred by landlords at a routine planning meeting."(3) 
On February 27, Salvadoran police, accompanied by "three representatives of the 
United Nations Observation team, reporters from a local television station, and a 
group of local landowners arrested 60 Indian men, women and children of the Corte 
Azul Cooperative, [ripped up their crops, and destroyed their tools and 

Most of the organizations affiliated with the 500 Years movement call for "land 
reforms" blessed by parliaments. In December 1991, the National Organization of 
Indigenous Peoples of Columbia (ONIC) negotiated six points in the new Columbian 
Constitution "recognizing" the legal and cultural "autonomy" of indigenous 
peoples within their current reservations inside Columbia. This temporarily put 
an end to indigenous-led mass demonstrations.(5)

Maoists recognize that capitalist states are only capable of accomplishing land 
distributions that are in the interests of the propertied classes. Actual 
redistribution of land to the tiller was best practiced in China-when China was 
socialist-and it is currently practiced in the liberated base areas of Peru 
administered by the People's Guerrilla Army of the Communist Party of Peru 

MIM believes that it is a very good thing for diverse groups to unite in exposure 
of patriarchal imperialism's exploitative history and the horrible global war it 
currently wages. Establishing communications networks between oppressed groups, 
sharing experience, plotting against the oppressor's institutions-all of these 
are positive steps when practiced on a mass scale.

But to set no higher goal than co-existence with imperialism will perpetuate 
imperialism for another 500 years. History demonstrates that the actual 
achievement of national liberation from imperialism has been brought forth only 
by organized and disciplined armed forces of the people guided by the science of 
revolution and the lessons of all the revolutions to date.

Revolutionary example in Peru

The bright star in our hemisphere is the Maoist-led revolution in Peru. The PCP 
cuts no deals with capitalism. The PCP knows that the United Nations is an 
unalterable and vicious enemy of the people. The PCP recognizes that political 
power does not grow from Constitutional amendments or the "right" to starve in 
one's own language on a reservation. The backbone of the Maoist movement in Peru 
has always been the revolutionary indigenous people of the Andes region.

The essence of all "rights" is the power to enforce them. The Arawak and Taino 
peoples exterminated by Columbus learned this quickly. As their repeated offers 
of friendship were betrayed, the Tainos took to the hills and began slaying the 
Spanish invaders. Ultimately, the nations of Abya-Yala were defeated by an 
advanced system of production and millions of European settlers who invented a 
system of "property-rights" to cloak genocide.

In 1992 we have choices for political organization that were not available to the 
Tainos and the Arawaks.

A dominant trend in the 500 Years Movement is represented by the Organization of 
Indigenous Nationalities of Columbia (ONIC) which says, "We have to generate many 
alternatives such as appropriation of technology, credit possibilities, 
adaptation of an economy proper to us ... We want a strong United Nations 
presence so that human rights violations can be watched carefully ... We want 

Bearing these friendly criticisms of the 500 Years Movement in mind, MIM urges 
our international readership to be out there in force during October agitating 
amongst all the trends for the self-determination of the oppressed and indigenous 
nations of Abya-Yala while organizing a revolutionary Maoist movement in your own 

1. See MIM Notes # 63 & 64.
2. SAIIC Newsletter 1991, p. 26.
3. SAIIC press release 12/18/91.
4. SAIIC Newsletter 1992, p. 24.
5. SAIIC Newsletter 1992, p. 21.
6. Write to MIM for information on the revolution in Peru.
7. SAIIC Newsletter 1992, p. 12-13.

* * *


by a comrade

Culture is a powerful force-under all modes of production-but as powerful as 
culture is under capitalism, revolutionaries must remember that it is not the 
cause of oppression. Oppression is caused by the imperialist structure which 
depends on economic exploitation for its survival.

On this anniversary of the fifth century of genocide at the hands of a Euro-
Amerikan elite, many oppressed groups are not only resisting oppression but 
fighting back-especially in the cultural realm. The radical rap artists of Aztlan 
Nation are one such force.

ITAL 'Til the Border Crumbles/It all started out as a fight for the land, they 
took away Texas and began to expand/The punk rednecks say "Remember the Alamo!" 
They don't want to know who I am, but I let them know/I'm the M-E-X-I-C-A-N/Take 
what I got, I'm gonna take it all back/It took an invasion of millions to push 
the borders back/But my people remain, and the reason I came is to spark a flame, 
we can't be tamed/Coming live and direct from Aztlan so I lay upon your mind this 
phenomena/I stand for the land, the land stands for me/One day in the future, 
Aztlan will be free/Until that day we must struggle, and keep on till the border 
crumbles. END

Aztlan Nation

Aztlan Nation's agenda is to awaken the Chicano people to the reality of Aztlan, 
a territory that includes what is temporarily called the southwest region of the 
United States. In contrast to purely cultural movements, the group does not 
idealize Aztlan as a romantic memory, but instead assert that Chicanos and other 
oppressed nations are living in an occupied nation. By making the occupied 
territory more tangible to the cholos and cholas on the street, Aztlan Nation 
puts turf battles into perspective.

MIM interviewed Chapo Zul, Minister of Information, to get a grip on Aztlan 
Nation's agenda.

MIM: What is the main mission of A.N.?

AN: We want to ingrain the land issue, give a direction to the anger that keeps 
people divided, this fighting over small turfs comes from the institutions that 
keep us divided, to fight over one block is ridiculous when the whole nation is 

MIM Who is your music aimed at?

A.N.: It's aimed at gangsters and cholos, the so-called, the watta ya call it, 
the lumpen proletariat, that's where we are really getting our work done, ... 
(it) makes them feel strong and proud again, a way of empowering the 

MIM: What is your relationship to gangster rap?

A.N.: We are a part of gangster rap, we don't think there is a problem with 
gangs, joining a gang is a way of rebelling-it's just misdirected.

MIM: What has been the response from the masses?

A.N.: The buzz is out, we are constantly selling all of our tapes and t-shirts, 
we are saying what the youth wants to hear, expressing and giving direction to 
the anger that is not addressed by mainstream rap.

MIM: What is your view of the Chicano movement?

A.N.: On the grassroots level there is a lot of good work going on, but there are 
problems with ageism, some corruption and infiltration ... the leadership is not 
spending enough time with the youth, not responding to the anger.

MIM: Your lyrics call attention to the fact that Aztlan belongs to the indigenous 
people, and calls for taking back the land. Are you aligned with any political 
party or ideology?

A.N.: No, we're a rap group, that's doing something. We're throwing out ideas-
people can either bite or absorb them and not act ... spoken word is more 
powerful than armed confrontation, can make more ripples-sometimes. We want no 
part of sectarianism, we're independent, we might be more down with some groups 
more than others but will do a benefit based on the cause, regardless of the 
ideology. If we object to something, like we're doing a Chicano festival next 
month, but THEY call it a Hispanic festival, well we'll still do it but in this 
case we call it an intervention, we will set the record straight on that.

Aztlan Nation performs at car shows, nightclubs, colleges and community events in 
the Bay Area, Southern California and other western states. MIM recommends 
checking them out for some revolutionary hip hop that tells it like it is.

ITAL Who is the real illegal alien/Who is the real wet back/They came from Europe 
man/Who is the real wet back/In two triple O we'll take it back. END

* * *



Toni Morrison


ITAL Jazz, END Toni Morrison's latest book, will not disappoint her fans. In her 
fast-paced narrative style, Morrison continues to write captivating novels wound 
around the everyday life and history of Blacks in America.

There is much historical significance in this novel that a reader unfamiliar with 
its setting will miss. This review will proceed directly to the politics of the 
plot that people (such as this reviewer) from this uninformed perspective can 

Set in New York City in 1926, the novel centers on the lives of a married couple, 
Joe and Violet. Joe is one of the few faithful men in his neighborhood-until he 
has an affair with the 18-year-old Dorcas. Fearing he will lose her, Joe kills 
Dorcas, making his already suffering marriage intolerable. 

But Morrison's story is not one of sensational infidelity and sex. Instead she 
explores the effect that individuals' upbringing and history have on their 
everyday lives and relationships. ITAL Jazz END is a novel about people who take 
control of their lives, overcoming the passivity that could keep them slaves to 
their environment and history. Morrison celebrates the ability of two people who 
turn their relationship and their lives around.

Morrison notes Blacks' well-founded fear of white people, the hypocritical but 
popular rigid religious morality, and the eroticization of male power taught by 
society-all integral parts of Black urban life in the 1920s and very relevant 

Dorcas has left Joe for a man closer to her age who tells her what to do, making 
her change everything from the way she laughs to the way she dresses. Joe just 
wanted Dorcas to do whatever made her happy, and Dorcas decides that the young 
man must like her more because he cares enough to tell her what to do. Best of 
all, other women want to have him too.

While most of her characters are unwilling to learn new ways to live and take 
control of their lives, Morrison's main characters change their lives against 
strong social pressure. This personal revolution falls a bit short of the social 
revolution that MIM might conclude its novels with, but it has the correct 
materialist understanding that people create history and need not be pawns to 
passing circumstances.


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